Actual and Perceived Differences Between Male and Female Leaders

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Actual and Perceived Differences Between

Male and Female Leaders

Though we are similarly built, the physiological differences between male and female humans are quite easy to spot. Men and women differ in shape, size and reproductive organs; there is no question about that. Observing behavioral differences between men and women requires observation, statistical evidence and research. To accurately evaluate male and female behavioral differences, we must first understand perception, and to understand perception one must study how behavior is observed and interpreted. This opens up a new realm of possibilities, since societies throughout the world differ on their expected roles for male and female. For objectivity, this report will focus on actual and perceived differences between male and female leaders. The report will study how men and women differ in expressing leadership, and how their leadership is interpreted by facts and also by perception. The report will examine peer-reviewed research literature addressing male and female leadership differences present in contemporary executive, managerial and political context. The report will also examine statistical data and an interview that directly addresses the question of actual and perceived differences between male and female leadership. An observation conducted specifically to interpret perceived differences between male and female leaders by lower level employees will also be used as research knowledge on the subject matter. The information obtained in the literature and observations will then be compared against concepts covered by the article ‘A Framework for Understanding Social Identity Perspectives’ in the textbook ‘Understanding and Managing Diversity’. In conclusion ...

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Powell, G. N. (1990). One more time: Do male and female managers differ? Academy of Management Executive, 12, 731–743. unavailable. (2009). Making Women Visible and Powerful in the Media. In Women's Media Center. Retrieved 03/30/2011, from

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