Abraham Lincoln and Slavery Many Americans believe that Abraham Lincoln was the “Great Emancipator,” the sole individual who ended slavery, and the man who epitomizes freedom. In his brief presidential term, Lincoln dealt with an unstable nation, with the South seceding from the country and in brink of leaving permanently. The differing ideologies between the North and South about the economy and slavery quickly lead to civil war. It was now the duty of Lincoln to maintain the unity of the nation. Therefore, Lincoln is not the “Great Emancipator” because his primary goals throughout his presidency was always to maintain the unity of the nation and not achieve the emancipation of slaves.
Abraham Lincoln: The Great Emancipator During the Abraham Lincoln’s short time as president, he managed not only to save a nation deeply divided and at war with itself, but to solidify the United States of America as a nation dedicated to the progress of civil rights. Years after his death, he was awarded the title of ‘The Great Emancipator.’ In this paper, I will examine many different aspects of Lincoln’s presidency in order to come to a conclusion: whether this title bestowed unto Lincoln was deserved, or not. In order to fully understand Lincoln, it is necessary to understand the motives that drove this man to action. While some of his intentions may not have been for the welfare of slaves, but for the preservation of the Union, the actions still stand. Abraham Lincoln, though motivated by his devotion to his nation, made the first blows against the institution of slavery and rightfully earned his title of ‘The Great Emancipator.’ In a speech that Lincoln gave prior to his presidency, we can see how ambiguous his stance on slavery truly was.
(20) Lincoln believed slavery was wrong, but it was also protected by the Constitution and contained it in the South. “Lincoln was also the first “sectional” president in that he owned his election in support of the Northern states.” (26) The federal government requires every new state to deny voting rights to blacks until the 1860s. Lincoln stated, “he was in favor of extending basic protections of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness to freed blacks, but then contradicted himself by simultaneously opposing black citizenship.”
Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation During his presidency and the beginning years of the Civil War, Lincoln strongly denied the rumor that he would support an attack on slavery. When the outbreak of the fighting began, he pledged to help restore the Union, but accepted the actuality of slavery with Congress assisting his position. However, during 1862 Lincoln was swayed for a number of causes that Negro emancipation as a war amount was crucial. His thoughts were black and whites should not have the same privileges. “All men created equal” shall not deal them the same political and social skills.
The role of Lincoln, in which he abolished slavery as the history books portray, did not seemed to be his primary objective when he ran for candidacy and won the elections for presidency of the United States. Some abolitionists such as H. Ford Douglass begged to differ as to Lincoln’s ways of slavery, although he did proclaimed to be against it. The main role of Lincoln was to abolish slavery through republicanism but many abolitionists’ thought differently. His way often made abolitionist think differently. What seemed to be his own goals, made historians think that his actions created a gain of trust and what seemed to be popularity to create a unified United States as his predecessors.
“If anything, the opposition was more powerful and effective in the North than in the South.” (Why Did the Confederacy Lose?, pg 120) However the powerful opposition in the North w... ... middle of paper ... ...t and see it as a way to get rid of the moral burden of slavery. The conservative stands Lincoln originally held were broken with the Emancipation Proclamation, causing a massive internal struggle in the South to bring them down. This is why the North had already won to the extent of Lincoln’s conservative political stands. “Having taken an oath to preserve and defend the Constitution, which protected slavery, “I did not consider that I had a right to touch the ‘State’ institution of ‘Slavery’ until all other measures for restoring the Union had failed….”” (Who Freed The Slaves, pg 203) The attrition strategy was halted with the mental conversion of the war being a moral war and the internal divisions in the South would finally clinch victory for the North. However all other advantages were possessed by the North and therefore the North had won the Civil War before it began to the extent of Lincoln’s conservative political stands.
He wanted all men to have their unalienable rights but still felt they were not as good as whites. Lincoln “opposed giving Illinois blacks the right to vote or serve on juries and spoke frequently of colonizing blacks overseas as the best solution to the problems of slavery and race.” (Fiero 391) This won him the presidency but caused some big chain
While it is true that Lincoln fundamentally opposed slavery, he could not actively fight against the institution. Lincoln’s attentions were more focused on the crumbling union and his need to appease any potential allies. One might point out Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves. The Emancipation Proclamation has been called one the most misunderstood documents in American history, and with good reason. While the Emancipation Proclamation did free slaves, it was a more of a war tactic than a true attempt at universal freedom.
The Union was divided upon this and it took a great man such as Abraham Lincoln to bring the nation together. The great American President, Abraham Lincoln was dedicated toward preserving the Union which led to the emancipation of slaves culminating in the Civil War. Regardless of Lincoln’s true intentions to sustain the Union, his presidency showed he cared about all men being created equal. Abraham Lincoln had many accomplishments during his presidency. Other than his crucial role in the Civil War, he brought forth two foreign tariffs, started the first income tax, developed the Department of Agriculture and put abolitionists on the Supreme Court (10 Facts).
But the Emancipation proclamation that was passed in January 1st 1863 did not apply to all of the slaves it was only for the slaves who were in the Confederacy. However; we know that Abraham opposed slavery, as a representative in Washington he believed that the practice was protected by the laws in the South and those by the states. In my opinion, I believe that President Abraham Lincoln does deserve the title of “The Great Emancipator” because, throughout his mandatory of the United States, he became known as the great emancipator this title was given to him because he freed blacks from slavery and then they decided to give him this title. It wasn 't until March 1861, that Abraham Lincoln took the oath and became the sixteenth president of the united states. During that time the country had been struggling with slavery and what would happen to slaves for many years.