A Summary of The Civil Rights Movement

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A Summary of The Civil Rights Movement

The civil rights movement saw one of it’s earliest achievements when The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) (founded in 1909), fought to end race separation in the case of Brown Vs. The Board of Education. The court thereby rejected the “separate but equal” doctrine and overturned the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson. Public schools were finally integrated in the Fall of 1955.

In august of the same year Fourteen year old Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten mercilessly, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River for “whistling at a white woman”. This case will eventually become a main cause of the civil rights movement.

1st Dec, 1955 On Thursday evening December 1, 1955, after a long day of work as a seamstress for a Montgomery, Alabama, department store, Rosa Parks boards a city bus to go home.

Tired as she is, Mrs. Parks walks past the first few — mostly empty — rows of seats marked "Whites Only." It's against the law for an African American like her to sit in these seats. She finally settles for a spot in the middle of the bus. Black people are allowed to sit in this section as long as no white person is standing. Though Rosa Parks hates the segregation laws, and has been fighting for civil rights at the NAACP for more than 10 years, until today she has never been one to break rules.

The bus continues along its route. After several more stops the bus is full. The driver notices that all the seats in the "Whites Only" section are now taken, and that more white people have just climbed aboard. He orders the people in Mrs. Parks's row to move to the back of the bus, where there are no open seats. No one budges at first. But when the driver barks at the bla...

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...ally opened entry to the U.S. to immigrants other than traditional European groups;

and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, that banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. African Americans re-entered politics in the South, and across the country young people were inspired to take action.

Political assassinations.

Towards the end of the Sixties various tragic political assassinations managed to take away such great leaders as Martin Luther King Jr, Malcom X, Robert Kennedy.

We the people succeeded in effecting real social change.

John Lennon, The founding member of the Beatles and unofficial king of the hippies said in his final interview,

"The thing the sixties did was show us the possibility and the responsibility that we all had. It wasn't the answer. It just gave us a glimpse of the possibility."

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