Most of the settlers’ time was devoted to searches for gold instead of the stabilization of
The setting that surrounds a group of people directly correlates to how they interact with each other and with outside groups. Their environment affects their religion, education, conflicts, and culture. The type of crops that can be grown, the resources that are available, and the conflicts that they engage in are all dependent on the environment surrounding them.
Between 1491 and 1754, the New England, middle, Chesapeake, and southern colonies developed in a way such that they must be viewed as four distinct societies with interlacing interactions and beliefs. These different societies were shaped by the different labor systems and economic characteristics, varying groups of religious founders, and response to salutary neglect and British taxation.
The Chesapeake Colonies and The New England colonies were similar in a few ways and differed in multiple ways. Both colonies were English, had conflict with Indians and both brought many people from England who were seeking a better life. The colonies differed in many ways including; family size and age, Economy and religion.
When one looks back on the history of the British settlers in the Americas, there are many differences and similarities between those who settled up north in the New England colonies and those who settled down south. There are also differences in the way the north and south lived their lives, did their jobs, what their economic system was like and how the labor force was set up. Among these many differences there are some similarities as well. Those who left England sought religious and political freedom, as well as governmental and economic stability.
In the end of the 16th and beginning of 17th century the Americas were slowly becoming more and more settled. Some of these settlements helped shape American society to what we know today. Of these many settlements, the two groupings of the New England and Chesapeake colonies are arguably the most influential. To show the importance of both of these colonies but also their individuality they must be compared and contrasted. Although The New England and Chesapeake colonies do have their differences, they also share distinct similarities.
New England and the Chesapeake Bay were two of the 13 colonies and were settled by the same type of people. However, even though they had the same group of people colonizing them both, the outcomes of the two colonies were vastly different. This happened due to the different types of people colonizing the regions, different expectations of what would happen or be there, and how they set up their plantations.
The severely different environments in the New England and Chesapeake area allowed for different economies to progress. The original reason for settlement of the gentry who claimed Jamestown in 1607 was due to expectations; settlers expected to find gold, riches and Native Americans who were willing to serve them and wait on them. The swampland they had settled on made it difficult to grow crops, but in 1616, tobacco had become the staple of exports in the Chesapeake region. To fuel this expanding economy, indentured servants were introduced to private plantations and in 1619, slaves began to be shipped from Africa. Rather than settle for wealth-related purposes, the Separatist Puritans wanted to separate from the Church of England, while maintaining their English culture; this led them to occupy Plymouth in 1620. The land was fertile and allowed for crop growth, which grew large economic activity in corn and cattle trade. Although land was an important factor in success, their will and desire to do hard work was the key factor and distinguished them from the gentry that settled the Chesapeake region. In 1628, the Mass Bay Company, who too were...
American Colonies: Contrasting the New England and Southern Colonists The New England and Southern Colonies were both settled largely by the English. By 1700, the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. The southern colonies have characteristics that are the antithesis of the New England colonies attributes. New England was colonized for Freedom of Worship and freedom of political thought.
During the late 16th century and into the 17th century two colonies emerged from England. The two colonies were called the Chesapeake and New England colonies. Even though the two areas were govern by the English, the colonies had similarities as well as differences. The Chesapeake and New England colonies grew into obviously distinct establishments. Difference in colonial motivation, religious, political structures, socio-economic, and race relation, were responsible for molding the territories.
A major difference in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Chesapeake Colony was that Massachusetts was based on religion, when in the Chesapeake they didn’t really think of religion, more of how they were doing economically. They had fertile land, and a climate that was great for farming. They had tobacco, corn, indigo and many more crops. Tobacco The demand for slave trade rose because they made plantations which needed slaves to work in order for them to make their
During 1700, the east coast of North America had developed into two distinct societies - New England and Chesapeake. Although these two regions were settled by the Englishmen with the same ethnicity, but they had divided due to the different backgrounds, passions and beliefs of the settlers. If I was one of the settler back then, I would rather settle in New England than Chesapeake, and here the main reasons:
Virginia colony was founding by Virginia Company in 1607 for economic reasons. Unlike Virginia, Massachusetts Bay was founding in 1628 by Puritan’s lawyer and landowner man who wanted religious freedom as well as money. Also, Virginia was a royal colony while Massachusetts Bay was a charter colony until 1691 it became a royal colony. Also, the people of Virginia didn’t have a problem with any religious. On the other hand, the people of Massachusetts Bay were Puritans and they didn’t accept other religious. Another thing, the life in Virginia depended on tobacco. The people took about ten months between planting, tending, harvesting, and drying tobacco. So, there lives were shaped by tobacco. They didn’t settle in one place; therefore, they didn’t give attention for a permanent home and the farms usually far from the center of the village. In contrast in Massachusetts bay, because the land was rocky soil; so, that made isolated plantations based on staple crops impossible. Therefore, according to Making America book, “the colonists did their best to reproduce familiar architecture and placement of public building.” Therefore, the houses was around the village and most of the fields and farms within walking distance of the village center. So, these design set natural limits on the size of any villages. Also, Virginia colony suffered from demographic disaster because of diseases. While, the
Early settlement patterns of the Chesapeake colonies and those in the New England were totally opposite. Chesapeake had a very moist and hot climate, which new settler’s had a hard time getting acclimated to. New England had a continental climate, with cold winters and warm summer which new settlers did not have a problem get acclimated to. In Chesapeake new settlers faced life and death challenges. In the summers there were droughts and at times the water would get polluted, causing sickness which resulted in many to die. Early on many people in Chesapeake also died from diseases like Malaria and typhoid fever due their harsh living environment. On the other hand settler in New England didn’t face any issues with polluted or die from diseases.
During the seventeenth century, the Puritans landed in New England to form the Massachusetts Bay colony. John Winthrop, the first Governor of the colony, saw the place as a political and religious refuge. He described it as “a city upon a hill.” In England, the Puritans were not free to practice their faith and were persecuted by the Anglican Church. The Puritans wanted to create an ideal society where they could practice religion at will. These people risked everything just so they could freely practice their faith. Their sole purpose in settling in America was to sustain and practice their religion.