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A Case Study Of The Satisfaction With Life Scale?

Much of psychology concerns latent constructs, theories of intelligence, personality or emotion, which because of their hidden nature, cannot be measured directly. Because these constructs have no clear observable tendencies, many researchers have theories how these latent constructs are structured, and how they interact. Psychology research has seen many variations and alternate models presented and in order for theorist to accurately understand these constructs, researchers must provide empirical evidence. Psychometric assessment allows theorists and researchers in objectively identify and deconstruct latent constructs, therefor enabling better understanding of their structures and interactions As in all scientific research, it is important…show more content…
The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) was developed as a measure of subjective, overall wellbeing. The SWLS draws on existing understandings of subjective wellbeing, and the scale has been specifically designed to measure the cognitive evaluation of satisfaction. It was established from 48 self-reported statements, including items regarding life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect. Through factor analysis, researchers were able to detect these three factors, and remove the items that corresponded to the affect components, leaving ten statements, which were reduced to five to account for similarities in wording. It claims to allow respondents to cognitively evaluate multiple domains of life they may value, and for them to independently weigh these during response. This measure differs from past measures of subjective wellbeing with existing assessment commonly measuring affect (positive and or negative) and emotion, and not overall life satisfaction (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin,…show more content…
The SWLS has substantial research providing normative data from a variety of samples, including different ages, genders, countries, and samples with underlying psychological distress (Pavot & Diener, 1993, 2008). This information is valuable to researchers seeking to further understanding how significant life events can affect satisfaction with life, and provide a comparison of different populations. The differences in samples can provide researchers some insight into how different cultures approach life satisfaction, and with further empirical experimentation, like manipulation, can allow researchers to identify any systematic differences in how life satisfaction is approached. Because of the open-endedness of the SWLS, which allows participants to create their own criteria for evaluation, there may be systematic differences between different cultures in the significance of those

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