al., n.d). SWB is an assessment of a person’s life taking in to consideration cognitive and affective aspect of his/her life (Diener, Lucas & Oishi, 2002). In a study conducted by Coles et.al, 2015 stating that the term Subjective Well-Being (SWB) has emerged as a modern reconceptualization of the construct “happiness,” and this conceptualization according to (Diener, 2000) includes three major components- life satisfaction, positive affect and negative affect, and allows for the idea that a large component of personal happiness is subjective (Coles et.al, 2015). Furthermore, Sillick et. al.
Although Science is largely composed of observation, experiments and their results, it raises controversy because imagination and perspective play a key role in those interpretations. As we know that imagination and perspective vary with each person due to education, background, and experience; how is it possible that we can assign a concrete truth to such a varied conceptualization. Thus, we cannot formulate any concrete truth. In this sense I see Scientists more as Philosophers. Another issue I find when dealing with traditional scientific theories is that Science often fails to provide theories and explanations for phenomenon's that hold truth and validation in both a scientific context and the context of the human mind.
This quote from Reichenbach describes a profound problem in science. This problem is taking scientific knowledge from a scientists ideas and being able to present them to the public. Reichenbach believed that if you are unable to speak about the subject you are studying, then you do not have real knowledge of the subject. Reichenbach describes the thought processes of scientists as “psychology”. The underlying theme behind Reichenbach’s philosophy is proving that the works of many scientists that have been published are usually jargon and not supported fully.
The Individual Differences Approach to Personality: Personality is a term that has largely been considered an unproblematic concept and primarily refers to the varying kinds of characteristics of individuals. Despite this assumption, psychologists have constantly used the word in different ways. The varying views in the use of this concept or term are fueled by the fact that psychology usually makes generalizations regarding individuals. Generally, personality seeks to examine the many differences and similarities between individuals. Formal evaluation and study of personality have mainly focused on patterns of similarities versus patterns of differences among individuals.
It also depends on what is meant by 'scientific' – for the philosopher of science Karl Popper, for instance, the most important criterion was what he called 'falsifiability'. There are also other criteria of science, which I am going to present in this essay. I will examine different psychological theories in the light of different aspects of scientific endeavour. Defining science is not an easy task. There are many different concepts of science.
In the scholarly journal article Paradigms of Knowing in Communication Research by Baxter & Babbie hypothesis is ways to solve the problem people have as public speaker looking into all age groups by looking at it through the lens of a communication scientist. The speaker looks into many experiments tested by others to specify different areas that help find what the problem for public speaker levels of anxiety came from or how it began. Even though the article information is narrow, it provides insight on ways to improve anxiety as a public speaker. The article achieves this by using organization skills throughout the paper, the interpretation of the results was well read and the article helped create significance study on the topic to help those with the anxiety problems. The main points are that the many different studies done with different experiments came with many different outcomes.
Life experiences contribute 10% to our well-being levels. Human beings adapt to circumstances and to life events. (Boniwell and Rostron, 2010, 134) Subjective report on well being is not only about how one feels as regards to life satisfaction, but also self perception. (Boniwell and Rostron, 2010, p134) During our lifetime we have both positive and negative life experiences that effect our happiness and the hedonic adaptation theory of life satisfaction suggests that we will return to our baseline very shortly after one of these events. Huppert suggested that good health and over all subjective well-being is associated with positive emotions, by limiting and restraining negative emotions.
The aim of the present study is to examine how mindfulness makes a difference in the lives of practitioners and non-practitioners in terms of work-life effectiveness. To fulfil the aim of the present study, three objectives and three hypotheses were formulated. A sample of 100 employee was selected among various organizations (N=100), out of which the sample was divided into employees who practice mindfulness meditation (N=50) and those employees who do not practice mindfulness meditation (N=50). A single administration of both the questionnaires – Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) and Life Effectiveness Questionnaire-H (L.E.Q-H) was done in order to obtain the scores for both the variables so that a comparison can be done. Permission was
16 PF Personality Test Resolving the conflict of Reliability vs. Accuracy in the 16 PF test Introduction: For psychologists, one of the more popular theories espoused is the trait approach to personality, or “the idea that people have consistent personality characteristics that can be measured and studied” (Kalat, 2002, 512). However there are several problems that arise. First, there are significant cross-cultural differences, so one set of personality traits for one culture may differ considerably for another. The next problem would concern the creation of a test that could accurately measure these traits.
This research paper will be findings on the topic of cognitive dissonance. The authors of Social Psychology define cognitive dissonance as, “the discomfort that people feel when two cognitions conflict, or when they behave in ways that are inconsistent with their conception of themselves” (Aronson, Arkert, & Sommers, 2016 p. 158). This concept is important because the more we can understand why people make the decisions they make, the more we can understand them as people. Not only is that beneficial towards others, but it also benefits inwards towards ourselves. The more we understand ourselves, the more we can grow to make better decisions in the future.