Many scholars find it problematic when the assumption is made that body image has worsened (and continues to worsen) for both genders over time. To have a clear understanding of the correlation between body image and psychosocial functioning, it is significant to investigate whether the trend in body image has changed over recent decades. It should also be noted that problems involving body image are associated with severe disturbances, such as eating disorders, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. The exposure to mass media’s depiction of the thin-ideal body may be linked to body image disturbance in women. Researchers Grabe, Hyde, and Ward (2008) conducted a meta-analysis which examined experimental and correlational studies focusing on media exposure’s relationship with women’s body dissatisfaction, eating behavior, and internalization of the thin ideal.
Is this to say that women are held responsible for nudity in advertisements rather are women enjoying the sexuality in advertisements? It is complex to understand human society and culture however, women have always been discriminated. In this case, it is important to understand why women are the main instrument in advertisements. The structure of society plays a role in the display of a women’s body. The World Health Organization reported that the sexualization of women and girls is related to societal problems.
With so many women affected by body dissatisfaction and the associated risks being so severe, it is important to discuss and examine possible interventional methods. The sociocultural approach to the issue of body image among women states that women receive harmful and negative cultural messages about their bodies. These messages can come from the media as well as from family and peer influences (Swami, 2015). By promoting the thin ideal for attractiveness, the media contributes to women rating their bodies more negatively and thus increases their likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms (Spitzer, Henderson & Zivian, 1999). In a meta-analysis studying the effects of media images on female body image, Groesz and Levine (2002) found that women’s body image was significantly more negative after viewing thin media images than after viewing average or plus size models.
The media use discrimination, objectification, and dehumanization to change women’s bodies. The result of this is a rise in low self-esteem and dangerous body modification procedures. As long as women’s bodies continue to be shunned instead of celebrated by the media, these negative consequences will continue.
Why the objectification affects women? The objectification changes the way that society treats women. Seeing women as objects means everyone can treat them in the ways people wants despite women own wills or wants. According to Szymanski, Moffitt, and Carr (2011), the sexual objectification affects women in a mental way. Some mental health problems are likely to happen in the female who suffer in the objectification.
This essay will consider how people's confidence, controlling ability when achieving ideal images and the norms of beauty in society are adversely affected by the media-supported beauty ideals. Firstly, exposure to media images may alter the way how people evaluate themselves or even lower one's self -esteem. A research found that advertisements from the U.S. lay more emphasis on body and fail to depict full range of beauty types. (Frith, Shaw & Cheng, 2005) For exampmle, an overwhelming majority of the magazines are showing Caucasaian models who are thinner than the average of the American in general. People may feel stressed and dissatisfied after watching a massive number of advertisements.
This is a great social problem which has stirred a lot of debate in many spheres, including feminists, politicians as well as liberal thoughts (Easton). One of the most damaging effects of pornography is that it destroys relationships among people since it affects the perceptions that individuals have about others. Furthermore, it encourages unrealistic sexual expectations, degrades women, enhances disloyalty in families and also encourages violence and promiscuity. More young adults are obsessed with the use of pornography content than those 20 years ago and research shows that this obsession has negative effects such as difficulty in face-to-face interactions. It might seem that censoring pornography would eliminate the obsession, but if censorship increases, then so will curiosity about porn and that will lead to increased use, resulting in back and forth struggle rather than a solution.
A new report by the American Psychological Association says, “Advertising and media images that encourage girls to focus on looks and sexuality are harmful to their emotional and physical health” (Jayson). This is destructive to society because the media is molding social labels that can conclude in the development of unhealthy social and physical habits. Women and young girls intensify the representation of seeing their bodies as sexual objects from a young age. Rosewarne highlights this in her article when she says ”The basic idea of a pin-up is to provide an inexpensive, mass-produced image of a woman for a man 's viewing pleasure” (Rosewarne 317). Also stating that “women are ‘bodies’ rather than ‘somebodies” (Rosewarne 318).
It cannot be denied that advertisement consist of negative scenes that shape females identity. Nevertheless, majority of individuals in modern societies deem that, such advertisements can caused so many harmful effects to women gender identity, such as low self-esteem. Also, it can cause depression to the women advertising due to the lack of confidence. Whereas, minority of people believes that, it is all about the women own decision whether to be exposed in such kinds of images or not. As well, it may benefit both parties, women who advertise and the advertising companies organizing them.
Finally longitudinal studies used self-reported surveys to find the associ... ... middle of paper ... ...ation between the media’s beauty ideals and a female’s distaste in her body. I think ethnicity and culture plays an essential role in the effects from the media but their role is unclear or not presented within the data. However, an overall causal relationship can be established and society needs to ban together in order to secure a resolution. Works Cited Lopez-Guimera, Gemma, et al. "Influence Of Mass Media On Body Image And Eating Disordered Attitudes And Behaviors In Females: A Review Of Effects And Processes."