2013/2014 Queensland Australia Drought

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The following is a report on Australian drought situation. It will identity the definition of the drought, describe the causes of drought, represent impact of drought in Queensland and introduce management to help farmers cope with future drought occurrences.
The definition of drought
A drought means there is not enough precipitation. It is a period of unusually dry weather that keeps on long enough to cause environment or economic problems which result in a water shortage and destroy vegetation, animals and crops. Drought can happen even if there is some rainfall. Bushfires and heat waves will occur because of drought. (Francesca.F, 2000)
Causes of drought
There are many causes of drought. The first element is about the water cycle. The moving clouds and moisture over the atmosphere cannot make a place receive the normal amount of rainfall during a period of time. ( Lincoln, 2014). It means there is not have enough moisture to create precipitation. If residents who live near a river, most of their water comes from this river. And their drought might because of the less precipitation at upstream. (ibid). As a result of the drought there will be a shortage of water in the region. The most important climatic phenomenon that causes drought is Southern Oscillation. “Southern Oscillation is a primary air pressure change which is a seesawing of atmospheric pressure between an area just to the north of Australia and the central Pacific Ocean.” (Study Guide 23). It is also linked to El Nino and La Nina. “El Nino is a complex interaction between air and sea in tropical Pacific. “(Robert, 2013). El Nino means little boy in Spanish and also means unusually high atmospheric pressure and sinking air through Northern Australian w...

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...the El Nino air pressure. The drought also has many impacts on economic, social and environmental. Manage drought comes from daily life and the government measure.

Works Cited

Andrew, B. (2013). Drought relief for Queensland farmers. The Queensland Cabinet and Ministerial
Directory, p1
Amanda, M.(2011). How to prepare for a drought. [On-line]. Available : www. Kiwihow.com/Prepare
-for- a-Drought.
Ballard, J.(2012). The drought. England. Liveright Publishing Corporation
James. R. (1989). El Nino and La Nina. El Nino, La Nina and the Southern Oscillation, (46), 12-13.
Lincoln. (2014). Causes of drought. [On-line]. Available: http://drought.unl.edu/Droughtforkids/what
Oblack, B.(2014). What causes drought. [On-line]. Available: weather.about.com/od/drought/f/

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