(Introduction) The humanitarian crisis in South Sudan, which is reaching an all time high, is due to not only drought and disease, but also poor leadership and the impending civil war between two of the main religious groups in the country. Therefore, better leadership and more humanitarian rescue organization, such as Unicef and Fund for Peace, must be established to end the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan. (Background Paragraph) The entire region of sub Saharan Africa has been consumed with starvation and malnutrition, but the case in South Sudan has proven to be the worst so far. South Sudan has been spiraling out of control ever since its independence from Sudan in 1956. Facing three civil wars and many droughts in the past has
22 million people die during the year 1960-20... ... middle of paper ... ...gh evaporation rates which leads to land drying up. Since the land heats up quicker and takes a long time to cool down this then cause problems for farmers who may be planting crops that are temperature specific. Conclusion In the articles above it is clearly stated that a drought has a huge impact on people is well explained giving us a true and relent insight on how the change in climate can lead to drastic problems which cannot be solved easily. Lack of precipitation has a great impact on people which then has knock effect making the whole population and country suffer. They is not much one can do to stop this unpredictable long lasting natural disaster.
Lessons can be taught to help prevent future disasters and save lives: respond during the early symptoms (Canada para 1). Ever since late 2010, the horn of Eastern Africa has had to deal with a major food crisis (Loewenberg 17). The food crisis began with a drought which lead to very little food and water sources (Martin 23). Somalia people fled to Kenya and Djibouti; for that reason, the refugee camps became crowded, unsanitary, and lead to many deaths (Martin 23). Thousands of unnecessary deaths occurred and millions of wasted dollars were spent because the world failed to take action on the early warnings of the aforementioned food crisis (Canada para 1).
Moreover, they are left to their fate. This is why “1 billion children living in poverty (1 in 2 children in the world), 40 million live without adequate shelter, and 400 million have no access to safe water”( “World Poverty and Hunger”). Children in most developing countries are victims to greediness and poor decision making by government officials. The people in power go to farmlands in rural areas, where poor families feed from, and they destroy those lands, for their selfish interests. Poor people, especially those in developing countries depend on their environm... ... middle of paper ... ...onmental sustainability but will also save on costs of having to acquire other resources.
The inability for people around the world to access food is a growing problem that should not exist today. There are too many countries facing hunger in the world. Most of these countries are undeveloped countries. One of the major reason people endure hunger is because too many people live in poverty. Macionis (2011), states human beings in absolute poverty lack nutrition necessary for health and long term survival (p.251).
Oxfam International states, “Famines result from a combination “triple failure” ("Famine in Somalia: causes and solutions"). This triple failure includes production, access, and response failures. Somalia has been the victim of a two-year drought. Oxfam International states, “particularly in the expectation of the next harvest being 50% of normal.” ("Famine in Somalia: causes and solutions") Because Somalia cannot feed its people, this issue creates malnutrition and affects all ages, especially the young. This is a massive problem in their economic system.
There are many such as: Health problems due to lack of water, health problems due to dust, Loss of human life, depression in the country due to the drop of the economy, reduced incomes, A lot of migration. Nigeria is affected by droughts very badly due to the social impacts as there are a lot of health problems in all of Nigeria and having droughts just makes it worse as they don't have enough water to help the people with diseases. There are also health problems caused by the dust all over the place, as there is no water there will be a lot of sand and dust on the surface, which causes pollution, which eventually leads to people being affected socially towards their health. There will be a lot human deaths in Nigeria due to health issues; this will send many people into depression, as they would have lost their family members or close friends. The whole country could go into depression if they lose their economy drastically as they will not have enough money to feed the people and also not have enough money for essential resources required by a country.
Malnourishment was not the only issue the deficient harvest brought. It also led to a huge increase in poverty. 75% of the population depended on farming as an occupation (The Ethiopian Crisis). When agriculturalists lost their emolument from a regular intake of grain, they were forced to “sell off their livestock and, in some cases, materials that were used to build their homes” (Mesele Adhena). The Ethiopian government of that time played a huge role in creating the largest scarcity of food in Ethiopia’s hi... ... middle of paper ... .../>.
As a result of this dependency, natural disasters, droughts and wars can displace subsistence farmer from their land resulting in poverty becoming even more prevalent and harder to come back from. Also with a history of dependency on farming there tends to be the trend of education not being a primary focus for the youth which is another factor into the stagnant poverty trend in Central Africa. Some of the prominent states that are consumed with poverty are Rwanda, Chad, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Rwanda is a landlocked, resource-poor country. The population is about 9.7 million, and 87 per cent of Rwandans live in rural areas.
Animals have to wander around to find food to eat and water to drink, and they eventually die if drought lasts for a long period. The strong wind blows the topsoil that is very fertile away and this makes it harder to grow crops in the future. With no crops for food, people have to go get food from somewhere else, otherwise they would starve and die. Moreover, in poorer countries like Africa, drought brings disease, famine, and deaths. Famine often comes about when there is a long period of drought.