The struggle for complete domination and power has been apparent in the past, most notably when Germany and Russia conflicted to maintain control in World War 2. In 1984, written by George Orwell, a totalitarian society seeks unlimited power by constantly monitoring it citizens. This monitoring was used to manipulate the minds and alter the thoughts of the people of Oceania. The population of Oceania is led to support ideas, which they do not truly believe. The lack of privacy and personal belief in citizens induces the idea of “doublethink”, where two contradictory ideas are both accepted.
1984 is a scathing critism of present, past, and future societies. In particular it alludes to totalitarianism as found in both the left wing communist and right wing fascist communist governments that arose between the two World War’s and the post war periods throughout. The portrayal of Big Brother and his party is much so relatable to images to the Soviet Union under the leadership of a communist dictator. The society created in Orwell’s novel 1984, is a society totally controlled by the Party which strips the individual of all freedom, Orwell is warning us not to give up individual rights to a totalitarian lead society. All words, facial expressions, activities, and thoughts are closely monitored by Big Brother through telescreens and Thought Police.
Many descriptions similar to this are given in the book and help explain the way in which the socialist government of Oceania operates. It explains how a strong ruler can manipulate facts to fit his or her own intentions, which is often what socialist rulers may have done and still may do. Many of the ideas in 1984 were written to show predictions of what the world might be like if people did not question and act on what was happening around them. Orwell wrote 1984 after World War II when socialist governments which had gone wrong, like Russia, were becoming a powerful force in the world. Orwell, having once fought against Communist Russia, saw how much of a dangerous power they could become in the future, and in turn found it necessary to inform readers of what the future could hold.
The world which George Orwell imagines consist of three super powers; Eurasia, Eastasia and Oceania. The three superpowers are all engaged in a perpetual, endless war. In the novel we follow the main character Winston smith and his lover, Julie throughout their rebellious life. Winton works for the government and is 39 years old, whereas Julie is much younger but also works for the government. The novel was written after the Second World War, and in that time that was a real concern whether the communist totalitarian state would take over or not.
The slogan of Oceania is War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, and Ignorance is Strength. These three phrases reflect some of the disturbing factors of our society today, which is why I believe that 1984 resembles Orwell’s dystopian creation. 1984 is a dystopian novel set inn Airstrip One, which used to be Britian. Oceania is always at war with another superpower, and their main goal is to achieve the most power throughout their world. The main character is Winston Smith, a man who works for the party and is supposed to change history to match what the party has told him.
On the contrary, media agents believe adamantly that politicians are representatives of an electorate and, in light of this, they maintain that it is their duty to uphold democracy. It is only through the identification of hypocrisies within the government that democracy will survive. It is possible to argue that the press does go some way to provide an extension of the checks and balances of our government, but this must always be seen in the light of their own personal agendas which is to sell papers and make money. The role of the media in modern British society is huge and its effects on politics are vast. Despite all its flaws and political biases, it provides an invaluable service to the nation in that it reminds us that we have a fundamental right to speak our own beliefs and to know what is going on in government.
In 1984, George Orwell presents a dark, grim, and depressing alternate history that mirrored and presented the mood of the world during and after the second world war. Set in Air Strip One, formerly the city of London, the British Isles and surrounding isles, of which belongs to the super power nation of Oceania. Oceania, as explained by our protagonist, Winston, is ruled by a totalitarian style Oligarchy, known as simply as “The Party”, and Oceania itself has a strict social and economical hierarchy, with a small amount of policy makers known as the “Inner Party” holding all the power, economically, socially, politically, and militarily, while controlling all aspects of life in Oceania, followed by the “Outer Party”, which serves the “Inner Party” as staff in various civil roles and are educated on state propaganda while constantly observed by secret police to ensure fanaticism and loyalty. After the party is the “Proletariat Masses”, which not only make up most of the population, but also serve as the labour industrial base that provides for the nation of Oceania. The “Prole” masses live in extreme poverty, and are severely under-educated to prevent them from ever rebelling against “The Party”.
He broke at the end and ends up loving Big Brother but even though this was due to because of O 'Brien 's torture and mind control, he still failed to fight back against Big Brother and the party and eventually betrayed what he believed.“Which do you wish : to persuade me that you see five, or you really see them? Really to see them”(Orwell 251). This showed that Winston did infact double think, showing how he gave him to O’brians torture and he was slowly breaking down to what he truly believes in. He always knew that this would be the outcome because of all of the diary entries he did, conversations with Julia and his observations of Jones, Aaronson and Rutherford. “Do it to Julia!
Civil Disobedience and 1984 In Orwell’s 1984, the government is all controlling, all manipulative, and all knowing. They maintain every aspect of their member’s lives and monitor them constantly. Conversely, in the context of Civil Disobedience, the government is a form of direct democracy. People have their right to vote and the right to openly express their opinions. The main character of 1984 lives in constant fear of his government while Thoreau argues with his and suggests a variety of ways to cause reformation, he has the freedom of expression much unlike Winston.
However, this resp... ... middle of paper ... ... celebrations of the October Revolution. The party in 1984 is notoriously totalitarian, controlling all aspects of society. Throughout the ages, society has rebelled against such oppressive systems. There was the French Revolution, and more recently, the coup d’états of Nigeria (2010) and Egypt (2013). As shown, political authority is something that is questioned by the novel and translates accurately to the real world.