Erasmus And Martin Luther And Erasmus Essay

Erasmus And Martin Luther And Erasmus Essay

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During the time of the Reformation, two men, Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus, attempted to reform the errors of the Roman Catholic Church. Erasmus and Luther saw Christianity as a form of inner devotion to Christ. These two men, along with others, felt as if the church needed reform. However, there was a great gap between the beliefs of Martin Luther and Erasmus. Luther was bound by the word of God, therefore scripture was more important to him. But, Erasmus did not hold the same value of importance towards scripture, he placed logic and reason above it. Furthermore, Luther loved the truth of God 's word and wanted a true reform of church doctrine and practices, whereas Erasmus focused on moral reform within the catholic church.
On October 27, 1466, Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, was born into the world in which heaven and hell seemed extremely closer to people than they do today. Erasmus was born the bastard child of a priest, and despite his circumstances, his parents still loved and cared for him. At the age of fourteen, Erasmus lost his parents due to the Bubonic plague. As Erasmus got older he attended a monastic school in the Netherlands, which focused on inward spirituality and being devoted to Christ rather than church doctrine or dogma. This humanistic education that he received from the monastery would always play a big part in Erasmus 's life, especially his christian philosophy.
In 1487, Erasmus entered an Augustinian monastery at Steyn. Later on, he claimed to have fallen ill and became tricked into believing he could ever pursue scholarship in the monastery. Erasmus took the monastic religious vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience and was ordained a priest in 1492. However, Erasmus took the first chanc...


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...Luther’s attacks on indulgences of the German friar that created mass tension. Erasmus wrote a letter to Luther suggesting that “more can be accomplished by polite restraint than by vehemence.” (Wolfe, 155). To a mutual friend, Erasmus expressed is general support of Luther. However, he only supported Luther between the years of 1519 to 1521, which was solely based on their dislike of abuses and the behavior of Luther 's enemies. Luther challenged the Roman officials with scripture. And, of course, they responded with authority. In November of 1520, Erasmus met with Luther’s prince, Frederick of Saxony. Frederick asked Erasmus for advice on the question of Luther that was made prior to this meeting that was to be held that following spring. Erasmus wrote a list of statements to guide Frederick. They stated that the attack on Luther was caused by hatred and supremacy.

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