It was centered around two central beliefs that the Bible should be and is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only faith and not by works. Martin Luther has had these feelings about these practices for awhile but chose the 95 Theses to start his religious reformation. Resulting from that, this started the division of the Catholic Church, and Luther’s ideas created the religion of Protestantism later resulting in Lutheranism. The 95 Theses and his other writings changed religious and cultural history in the Western hemisphere. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope.
Martin Luther begins this text by explaining his disagreement between the pope and himself. He wrote this to explain his debate on why the papacy has lost their way and to explain what he believed the r... ... middle of paper ... ... Reformation and was lead by Martin Luther, who initially just wrote a theses which he exposed some of the Church’s corruption. Martin Luther’s writing, Against Catholicism was a great catalyst for the Reformation, and a complete change of Europe, which is still evident today in our economic methods and the followings of the Protestant faith. The Counter Reformation was lead by St. Ignatius who headed the Jesuit order of Catholicism. St. Ignatius was trying to restore the Catholic faith and to lead the Catholic people and church back on the right path.
Comparing Martin Luther and John Calvin Martin Luther King and John Calvin were both very important leaders of the Protestant Reformation. Although they were both against the Roman Catholic Church, they brought about very different ideas in religion. Martin Luther founded the group that are today known as Lutherans. He was ordained a priest in 1507. He dealt with questions dealing with the structure of the church and with its moral values.
This movement was the European Christian reform movement this was the beginning of Protestantism the branch of contemporary Christianity. Martin Luther and John Calvin and many other Protestants led this movement. These reformers protest and objected to the doctrines rituals and ecclesiastical structure of the Roman Catholic Church this led to the new national Protestant churches. The Catholic Church response to this objection with a Counter Reformation that was led by the Jesuit order, which is part of the Roman Catholic Church, which a man who has taken the required steps to belong to the Society of Jesus this includes, taken the vows of poverty and obedience (McGrath 2007). The Protestant Reformation began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church, carried by the Western European Catholic who opposed what was perceived as a false doctrine and ecclesiastic malpractice.
The Transformation of Roman Catholicism Hans Kung presented a possible major retransformation for Roman Catholic Christianity. He believed that 'the renewal of the Catholic Church willed by the Second Vatican Council has come to a standstill.' (Kung:1971:9) The transformation of Roman Catholicism both by the councils of Trent, Vatican I and II was believed to have been needed in order to look ay the way in which the Christian tradition encapsulates the truth of the religion. Both the Vatican councils attempted to transform Roman Catholicism. Before I can first look at Kungs objections to the concept of an infallible church, I believe I need to establish what the Roman Catholic church meant by the concept of 'infallible' and thus the basis of Kungs arguments.
In an effort to change the practices of The Church, he wrote the 95 Thesis. In these, he stated his views on the abuses of The Church. This was the beginning of a large movement that would change religious practices over the world. Martin Luther wasn’t the only person that felt The Church needed to reform its practices. Others that broke off from the Roman Catholic Church include John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli and even England’s King, Henry VIII.
In response, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521. The Catholic Church conflicted with the Protestant religion, because the Protestants sought an individual relationship with God. Through the contrasting ideas of the Church and Protestants, a major conflict between the two emerged. The church minister had spoken the Bible in Latin, where the congregation could not understand what the priest was saying. Furthermore, the Catholic Church started to sell indulgences during the Middle Ages.
In his 95 Thesis he established that salvation is within oneself and that individual faith in God is very important . But the church did not see it that way. The church believed that the only way to atone for your sins were through indulgences. Indulgences were paying for the removal of your sins. Martin Luther was later excommunicated from the church.
Martin went to the University of Wittenberg to hopefully end his confusion about his spirituality. While he was there he received a doctorate and then became a professor of theology at the same university. Finally, Martin Luther realizes the truth about the Roman Catholic Religion. Martin Luther had two very important moments that defined his thoughts upon the Catholic Church. First beginning when Martin Luther went to Rome in 1510 to go to a monastery, he realized that it was a, “breeding ground for corruption,” meaning ... ... middle of paper ... ...find anything.
Luther felt that these injustuces should be brought to light and dealt with and then the Church should reform. With this idea he wrote The Ninety-five Theses, which were a series of wrongs committed by the church and the things they needed to do to change. This was originally supposed to be simply ideas put up for discussion among his peers in the Church, but very quickly this document spread like a wild fire and set the church a flame. The Ninety-five Theses included the ideas that, “The pope cannot remit any guilt...The dying are freed by death from all penalties...The pope (cannot) grant remission to souls in purgatory...” He basically concluded that the Church did not have all the powers they claimed to have. They lied and cheated for money.