Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Essay

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Essay

Length: 2012 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

1. Introduction
As ravaging effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic spreads, many businesses are realizing that the spread negatively affects their workforce, market and ultimately ability to earn profits (Sithole, 2007). Organizations now realize that HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue, but a core business issue, as it affects the performance of infected employees and the company’s production and investments (Lisk, 2002; IFC, 2002). In response to this problem, many organizations are setting up on-site HCT facilities at their work places as a strategy to improve knowledge of HIV/AIDS which is critical to both prevention and treatment goals (DoH, 2009) of the debilitating infection.

This paper is designed to describe the HIV testing facility at the work place, the concepts surrounding the HCT process, wider logistic issues that are required for the smooth running of the HCT programme as well as persons required for manning directly or indirectly the HCT facility.

2. The HIV testing Facility and HCT
The main purpose of the HIV testing facility is to provide quality HCT services. According to the WHO (2001), quality HCT services can be defined as “accessible HCT services that meet the needs of clients and providers, in an equitable and acceptable manner, within the resources available and in line with national guidelines” (p. 1). The HCT process is generally based on the concept that the HIV testing must be ethical, based on human rights, conducted within a supportive environment and performed by a trained health care professional (DoH, 2010), following the principles of confidentially, consent and counselling [Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS), 2008]. Therefore the testing facility should be found in a confident...

... middle of paper ...

...Counselling in Kenya. National AIDS and STD control Programme (NASCOP), Nairobi: Kenya

Sithole, A., (2007). The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Business and the need for Company Involvement. CCA HIV/AIDS Initiative. Pretoria: South Africa.

The Republic of Uganda, (2005), HIV counselling and testing: Toolkit for coordinators and supervisors. Kampala: AIDS/HIV Model District Programme.

UNICEF, (2008). HIV diagnosis: A guide for selecting rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) kits. Copenhagen: Denmark.

World Health Organization, (2001). Improving HIV counselling and Testing Services. Retrieved on January 16, 2012, from http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/vct/en/index.html

World Health Organization & Centre for Disease Control, (2002). Guidelines for appropriate evaluations of HIV Testing technologies in Africa. Department of Health and Human Services, Harare: Zimbabwe.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Epidemiology And Infection Control Of Hiv / Aids And Emerging Diseases Essay

- Course Paper Epidemiology and Infection Control in HIV/AIDS and Emerging Diseases in Russia HIV - NH-817-DL-14FA Evgeniya Larionova MGH Institute Of Health Professions 1. Brief History of Russia In the 9th century different Slavic tribes inhabited Russia. The Vikings assimilated into Russian society making Slavic tribes to adopt their language and customs. The Russians became very powerful nations. When Russia was ruled by Ivan III (1462-1505) he conquered many affluent cities and considerably expanded its territory....   [tags: Russia, United States, HIV, Vladimir Putin]

Term Papers
1441 words (4.1 pages)

Using Hiv / Aids As An Example Of Public Health Surveillance Essay

- 1. Using HIV/AIDS as an example to discuss why public health authorities need to conduct public health surveillance and to describe how surveillance system is managed in Australia (9 marks) (up to 800 words) The term public health surveillance has been defined as ‘the continuous, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health-related data needed for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice’ (WHO, 2016). Consequently, the fundamental goal of public health surveillance is to collect information as to prevent, control and take action in relation to all forms of diseases, including HIVAIDS....   [tags: Epidemiology, Public health, AIDS]

Term Papers
1360 words (3.9 pages)

Hiv / Aids : Hiv And Aids Essays

- HIV/AIDS Introduction HIV, also known and the human immunodeficiency virus attacks and destroys the CD4 cells, these cells also known as the T-lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell found in the immune system which have the role of preventing disease, when the level of the CD4 cell decreases the ability of the body to fight and prevent disease also reduces; at this stage the person is said to have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDs) Epidemiology According to the world health organisation (WHO) there were 35.3 million people living with HIV in 2012....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

Term Papers
1332 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on The HIV & AIDS Virus

- Citations AIDS.org - news, treatment information, and other resources. www.aids.org/ HIV and AIDS Activities - information from the FDA Office of Special Health Issues. www.fda.gov/oashi/aids/hiv.html Specialized Information Services Home Page - US National Library ... - ... Library of Medicine (NLM) is responsible for information resources and services in toxicology, environmental health, chemistry, HIV/AIDS, and specialized ... www.sis.nlm.nih.gov CDC-NCHSTP-Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP) Home Page - ......   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

Free Essays
2999 words (8.6 pages)

Essay on Hiv And Aids : Aids

- Oladipo Okuboyejo HLT 2320 HIV and AIDS Aids is caused by the HIV virus and the illness weakens peoples immune system making them more burnable to infections and diseases. As time goes by, the conditions worsens. The criteria for HIV patients indicates an extremely weakened immune system after all, a person can have HIV without having Aids. This paper will talk about how HIV is transmitted from one person to person, how it is not transmitted too. It will also talk about what process the body goes through when one is infected the the virus and what then happens when it eventually develops into AIDS....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Condom, Sexual intercourse]

Term Papers
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Hiv Prevention Plan For African Heterosexual Adults Essay

- HIV Prevention Plan for African Heterosexual Adults In 2014, approximately 36.9 million individuals were living with HIV, a international HIV occurrence of 0.8%. The bulk of this number reside in low and middle revenue countries. In the same year, 1.2 million individuals died of AIDS-associated infections. Of the 36.9 million people living with HIV, 25.8 million live in sub-Saharan Africa, accounting for 70% of the global total ("HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan," 2015). Dissimilarities between the epidemiology of cases of AIDS in Africa and those in Western cultures has provoked speculation about health factors that may be specific to Africa....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa]

Term Papers
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Aids, No Cure For Aids Essay

- Unfortunately, AIDS is one of the many public health issues affecting the world today. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency disorder. It is the final stage of HIV(Human immunodeficiency disorder). As its name states HIV attacks the T cells that help the immune system to fight off infections. If left untreated, a significant amount of T cells will be killed, leaving the body susceptible to several opportunistic diseases. At this point, the disease has reached its final stage of AIDS. HIV/ AIDS is contracted through acts in which bodily fluids are exchanged, such as sex, blood transfusions, and sharing needles....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, Blood, HIV]

Term Papers
1283 words (3.7 pages)

Sex, Cultural Barriers And Psychological Self- Regulation And Hiv Prevention Among Gay Men

- Literature Review The following section presents a review of literature regarding three basic categories which include the knowledge and the rates of unprotected sex, cultural barriers and psychological self- regulation and HIV prevention among gay men in college. The first section is an overview of the research on the knowledge and confirmed by clear epidemiology findings, anal intercourse without condoms. Furthermore, are recognized as one of the most efficient routes for the transmission of HIV....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Homosexuality, Sexual intercourse]

Term Papers
2009 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Aids Prevention Organization : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

- Aids Prevention Organization Name: Abdulaziz Almezaiel Aids Prevention Organization Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is caused by the HIV. The first cases of AIDS were reported in 1981 and since then AIDS has develop into one of the world’s most grave health as well as development challenges (UNAIDS. 2011). According to UNAID, currently “ there are about 35 million people who have HIV while tens of millions have died of infections related to AIDS ever since the start of the endemic” (UNAIDS....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Tuberculosis, Antiretroviral drug]

Term Papers
2327 words (6.6 pages)

The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa Essay

- The Oppression of Women Drives The AIDS Epidemic in Africa Africa is facing a devastating crisis with respect to the AIDS epidemic, currently accounting for over 70% of the world's HIV-positive population. There are, of course, many factors that drive the explosive transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but in the tangled web that is the epidemic in Africa, many of these issues share a common thread. The oppression of women in Africa can be considered the virus' cultural vector. Females are rendered powerless in African societies, and existing gender inequalities are largely responsible for the spread of the disease....   [tags: Disease AIDS Essays Africa Women]

Free Essays
3064 words (8.8 pages)