Sub-Saharan Africa is the worst region to be infected with AIDS. While countries like Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho and Zimbabwe all have infection rates reaching near 40%, West African countries barely top 10% in some places (Frederickson 2). In Sub-Saharan Africa, 11 million children have been orphaned by AIDS (Frederickson AIDS orphans in Africa 1). Of the 27 million people infected, 10 million are between the ages of 15 and 24, and 3 million are estimated to be under the age of 15 (Frederickson HIV 1).
The mortality rates for Nigeria follows a “J-shaped” pattern with high rates death occurring among young children and the elderly. Countries that reflect the J-shaped mortality curve experience the epidemiological transition, which describes the transition of high mortality with large number of deaths among the very young due to communicable diseases to low mortality with high proportions of deaths among the elderly due to non-co... ... middle of paper ... ...erstood. In order for countries like South Africa and Nigeria to recover from the HIV epidemic, medication needs to be provided to the infected people. The Joint UNAIDS “…estimates that only about 15% of the 6.5 million people in developing countries who need treatment have access to anti-retroviral drugs (ART).” (Lamptey 2006: 15). In both South Africa and Nigeria, less than half of the AIDS/HIV infected populations are receiving ART.
The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system and eventually leads to its failure which allows opportunistic infections and cancers to be contracted. Today are 34 million HIV positive people worldwide. Of that, over 75 percent live in Africa. The area most infected with the HIV virus is the Sub-Saharan Region, and because of that the average life expectance in that area is less than 50 years of age. Prior to the influence of HIV that number was almost to 70 years of age.
However in African cultures confronting sexual issues that cause AIDS and HIV is very uncommon. (AIDS the epidemic,1994) In Africa AIDS has become the number one cause of death, overtaking Malaria. (The AIDS Reader,1991) The U.N. AIDS/health experts say more than 40 million people contracted the disease in 1980's and nearly 12 million of them have died in Africa.
HIV in South Africa The problem of HIV has been a growing concern around the world, but in no country has HIV had a greater effect on the population than in South Africa. Research has found that there are approximately 6.4 million people infected with HIV in South Africa, giving the country an overall infection rate of 12.2%(Shisana et al., 2014). This makes South Africa the country with the world’s highest rate of HIV-infected people. New infections occur at an approximate rate of 100,000 cases per year (Republic of South Africa, 2012). While other countries have managed to slow the spread of HIV, in South Africa, the problem has become a major public health concern.
In Africa, it is a known fact that many people are suffering from a variety of diseases. Currently, the most common diseases is HIVs/AIDs, which is especially a problem in South-Africa. Almost 68 percent of the people suffering from diseases have HIVs/AIDs. It was recorded that out of 58.03 million people who died globally in 2005, 10.9 million were from Africa. And also that almost 50% the population in Africa lack of access to essential medicines, meaning that people are suffering and dying from the simple lack of materials.
In Somalia and Senegal the AIDS occurrence is under 1% of the adult population, whereas in Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe around 10-15% of adults are battling with AIDS. Southern Africa is the nastiest impacted by AIDS with the condition’s prevalence being at 18% and in other southern African countries, the national adult AIDS prevalence rate now surpasses 20%. A number of African countries have conducted large scale HIV prevention initiatives in an endeavour to reduce the scale of their epidemics. Senegal, for example, took action early on to the surfacing of HIV with burly political and community leadership. It is impossible to predict how S... ... middle of paper ... ...t greater than he that sent him.
AIDS In Africa Speech Africa continues to dwarf the rest of the world in how the region has been affected by AIDS. Africa is home to 70% of the adults and 80% of the children living with HIV in the world. According to the UNAIDS report, the estimated number of newly infected adults and children in Africa reached 3.5 million at the end of 2001. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa will not be stopped with drugs and "abstinence only" education, Sex education and condom availability are required for this battle. As for means of protection against HIV/AIDS, one of the biggest obstacles is a lack of availability of condoms in most of the continent.
“Africa, with about 12% of the world’s population, is now reporting around 25% of the world’s AIDS cases. It is estimated to have over 65% of the total number of HIV-infected adults and 90% of the world’s HIV-infected children” (Stine, 364). An incredible and unbelievable fact that shows the impact of the disease in Africa is that 6,000 Africans are HIV-infected each day which is 250 persons per hour or four per minute. Between 20% and 30% of sexually active adults between the ages of 20 and 40 are believed to be infected with HIV in some urban places of sub-Sahara Africa, where the disease is felt the hardest. In rural areas, where the most of the people live, seriousness is much lower but is still rising.
If medical attention is not provided for an AIDS victim, they will almost certainly die (“What Is HIV/AIDS?”). In this recent and ongoing AIDS epidemic, about 75 million people have been infected with the virus, causing 36 million deaths; but there is hope because organizations like the Samaritan’s Purse are doing their best to combat the disease. AIDS affects much of the world today; as of 2009, two million people have died from the disease (“What Is AIDS/HIV?”). There are two types of HIV which means that it is much harder to cure; however, since HIV-2 is usually only found in Africa, there is no real need to test for it in other parts of the world (“What Is AIDS/HIV”). The most affected country is Africa because Africa has the least amount of resources to combat the disease.