Essay about English as a Second Language: Negative Transfer

Essay about English as a Second Language: Negative Transfer

Length: 1739 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Background Information
The student at the center of this case study is Dana, a six-year-old Kindergarten student at Paragon Mills Elementary. Dana is the older of two sisters. She was born in the United States, but her parents were born in El Salvador. She lives with her father, mother, and sister. She attended Pre-Kindergarten at Paragon Mills in 2012-2013, and is in her eighth month of Kindergarten.
In order to qualify as an official English Language Learner in Davidson County Schools each incoming student is administered a test. Based on the outcome of this screening each student is either an active English Learner or a “General Education” student with a non-English Language background. Active English Learners are classified in one of five levels: Pre-Functional, Beginner, Intermediate, Early Advanced, and Advanced Transitioning. In July 2013 Dana was administered the Tennessee English Language Placement Assessment (TEPLA). She scored as an Intermediate Level Active English Language Learner.
Dana’s first language (L1) is Spanish. She began learning English formally when she started Pre-Kindergarten. Spanish is the language predominately spoken in her home. Her parents said she was watching English television, such as Sesame Street and Super Why, from an early age. Dana’s parents are both able to speak simple words and phrases in English. Dana and her four-year old sister are able to speak English with a higher level of fluency than either of her parents. Dana’s parents are very supportive of her and her education. They are involved in the school, interested in her academics, and attend school events and field trips with her. They also assist her with her homework and read to her, in Spanish, every night.

At the end of...

... middle of paper ...

The implications of this project on the teacher evaluator are first to look for connections. When this project first took place the only obvious connection was an inconsistency in Dana’s listening skills, which was a red flag due to more English learner students develop listening first. Upon completion of the project there was a stronger connection between the actuality two suspected problems. Another additional consideration the teacher evaluator will take into consideration in the future is to conduct research more often to decide on the best ways to combat problems in a students learning.

Armstrong, P. (2014, January). Bloom’s Taxonomy. Retrieved from
Saville-Troike, M. (2012). Introducing Second Language Acquisition (Second Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Effects Of The Globalization Of The English Language Essay

- ... For example, After the English colonization in Canada, the Canadian government had adopted a substantial number of residential schools to teach the children of First Nations in Canada after the legislation of the Indian Act in 1876. According to Miller (2008), a residential school was not only compulsory for First Nation children, but also these children were sternly required daily attendances and the learning outcomes of English. Native students were not permitted to speak Indian language. Otherwise, they would be strictly punished....   [tags: English language, Second language, England]

Powerful Essays
1275 words (3.6 pages)

English as a Global Language Essays

- Over the years English inarguably has reached a status of a global language and commonly is characterized as a lingua franca. It has become the language that is spoken by millions of people all over the world; as the mother tongue, as the language used for international communication and as the language learned in the millions of schools. Why has particularly English as a language become a global language. Researching this topic, answers to this question can be found in a global power the British Empire and the USA had during the history, especially since World War II (David Crystal, English as a Global Language, 2nd edition, Cambridge University Press, 2003)....   [tags: communication, culture, identity]

Powerful Essays
651 words (1.9 pages)

Learners Of Second Language Learners Essay

- This article presented interesting topics, such as how learners of second language (L2) acquisition learn to become fluent with a new modality. Another perspective mentioned was how L2 learners of American Sign Language (ASL) experience problems improving their signing skills and fluency. This article helped me to uncover my current struggle with my acquisition of ASL, and how I can improve my signing skills. Leach’s article mentioned many new aspects of how adult second language learners of ASL struggle with language acquisition....   [tags: Sign language, American Sign Language]

Powerful Essays
869 words (2.5 pages)

Second Language Acquisition Essay

- Background to L2 Writing “Writing for L2 students was until the 1970s, primarily perceived as language practice, designed to help students manipulate grammatical forms or utilise newly learned vocabulary items “(Ferris, 2002:p. 3). An example will be `write about what you did last week` which practises the past tense form. Teachers used to adopt a product approach which focuses on correcting all language errors rather than organisation or ideas of the text. Teachers will mark each writing piece as the final draft and assume students will not repeat their mistakes again in future writings (Grabe and Kaplan, 1996)....   [tags: grammar, language errors]

Powerful Essays
2237 words (6.4 pages)

The Use of Code-Switching in Teaching English as a Second Language Essay

- English is an important language that is should be mastered by people around the world. It is used as a common language or lingua franca which is a language used for communication between people whose first language differ (Holmes, 1992). Increasingly, English is used for many printed information in our daily life. A great deal of the world’s scientific, commercial, economic, and technological information is written and published in English. That is the reason why students of elementary school up to university learn English as second language (ESL) or foreign language (EFL) nowadays....   [tags: learning process, teaching techniques]

Powerful Essays
1048 words (3 pages)

The Language of Politicians Essay

- Politicians, throughout all of history, have used their words to escape trouble or explain away actions undertaken. In George Orwell’s “Politics and The English Language,” Orwell states that politicians speak with outlandish vernacular that they do not even understand, and are so vague in their descriptions of events that it makes horrendous incidents seem like nothing.(Orwell) These are some of the foremost reasons that no one has an assured trust of the government. So, many might begin to think, “why do politicians always do this?” It is a tragic truth, but they use such language atrocities to obtain what they desire and there have been numerous politicians in the past that have used their...   [tags: circumlocution, Orwell, truth manipulation]

Powerful Essays
952 words (2.7 pages)

Positive and Negative Impact of Immigration in Buenos Aires. Essay

- 1. Buenos Aires. Population and citizens of Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires - capital city of Argentina and second –largest metropolitan in South America. Population in Buenos Aires about 3 millions. (Forstall, Greene, and Pick ) The bulk of the population are Spaniards and Italians. About 30% - and Métis representatives of other nationalities , among which are the communities of Jews, English, Armenian , Japanese, Chinese , Arabs and Koreans . Also there are migrants from neighboring countries, primarily from Bolivia and Paraguay....   [tags: immigration, labor market, food]

Powerful Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

The Power of Propaganda Essay

- Though it may come as a surprise, many of your opinions on matters originated by propaganda. Propaganda is a means to manipulate an audience in believing information they want their audience to believe. In an effort to bring about the awareness of propaganda, George Orwell in Politics and the English Language, Newman and Genevieve Birk in Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language, as well as D.W. Cross in Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled, explain the various ways in which a targeted audience may succumb to language and logic manipulation....   [tags: Politics and the English Language]

Powerful Essays
1267 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Teaching Conditionals to Second Language Learners

- Part A: Introduction Conditionals are sentences describing implications or hypothetical situations and their results. Two clauses make up a conditional: the condition clause and the consequent clause, which are dependent on each other (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009). Basically conditionals can be divided into four canonical tense patterns based on tense (Narayanan, Liu & Choudhary, 2009), including zero conditionals, first conditionals, second conditionals and third conditionals. Zero conditionals are used in describing facts or rules....   [tags: conditionals, teaching, effectiveness, design]

Powerful Essays
1876 words (5.4 pages)

Contrastive Analysis : A Comparative Study Of A Pair Of Languages Essay

- ... The production of language family trees and genealogies are useful for explaining how different languages were formed and where they came from. It is also used to connect different languages together . Contrasting two linguistic systems is a popular method in language acquisition since its main goal is to provide a "cross-language comparison" model used to determine differences and similarities between languages . Contrastive Analysis was used extensively in the field of Second Language Acquisition (SLA) in the 1960s and early 1970s, as a method of explaining why some features of a target language were more difficult to acquire than others....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition, Second language]

Powerful Essays
1696 words (4.8 pages)