England During The 19th Century Essay

England During The 19th Century Essay

Length: 1440 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, England underwent vital and irreversible economic, political, social and industrial changes which revealed that England’s strength lay not in its military but in its economic capabilities. During this time England built a powerful trading system and generated the credit necessary to pay for a relatively small navy that protected and extended the trading system and destroyed those of its competition. At the same time, England was able to raise the funds to finance the ground-breaking industrial technology that launched England ahead of its rivals lasting more than half a century. It was this process, combined with skilled political management that enabled England to emerge the most powerful country in the world until the 20th century when England started to lag behind Germany and the United States.

Economic Changes

England reaped the benefits of being the world’s first modern, industrialized nation and was the leading industrialized country during the 19th century. During the 19th century England went from mercantilism to free trade evidenced by repealing the Corn Laws which opened the British market to unregulated competition, grain prices fell, and food became more plentiful. During this time England was also referred to as the “workshop of the world” because its finished products were produced so efficiently and economically that they could undersell locally manufactured goods in almost any other market, especially cotton cloth. England would import raw materials and manufacture goods from those materials in its factories to sell and create markets for its manufactured goods. An excellent example of this was the textile industry. By the middle of the nineteenth century, global cotton...


... middle of paper ...


...nomic, political and social changes that occurred in England appears to go hand and hand and catapulted England to dominate in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the early 20th century, Britain 's growth rate, manufacturing output, and Gross Domestic Product started to fall behind the United States and Germany. But England still led the world in trade, finance and shipping, and was somewhat strong in manufacturing and mining. England was the financial center of the world and had built up a vast reserve of overseas credits and huge financial holdings in the United States, especially in railways. These assets proved imperative in paying for supplies in the first years of the World War. Niceties, especially in urban life were beginning to grow and wealth was highly visible and the working classes were beginning to protest politically for a greater voice in government.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about England During The 19th Century

- Between the years 1700 and 1850, England underwent a period of vast and rapid industrialization. In doing so, England established itself as the leader of industrialization in the world and caused other countries in Europe and America to follow the same trend during the late 18th century. In England during 1700, England was a nation composed of several rural villages. If any change occurred in England, it occurred very gradually, since the people moved slowly. The population had only limited amounts of information regarding the world outside of their villages....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]

Better Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Industrialization in England Essays

- The world has changed in many ways throughout history. Industrialization has changed England in many ways. The Industrial Revolution was too hard on the men, women, and children in England. The changes that occurred in the economy and society in Britain during the late 18th and 19th century is known as the Industrial Revolution (McCloskey Int.). The Industrial Revolution was a drawn-out process that transformed Britain’s economy from the production of goods by hand to the production of goods by machine (Thackerary 1)....   [tags: England]

Better Essays
1831 words (5.2 pages)

The Spanish And Italian Literatures Of The 19th Century Essay

- My research explores political essay in the Spanish and Italian literatures of the second half of the nineteenth century. In particular, I analyze the perception of a “national/supranational conscience” to prove how European liberal thinkers in nineteenth century attempt to build and establish a supranational entity. As “supranational” I intend a shift in international politics - constituted by the agreement among sovereign states - to create common structures of power and identity (Neyer 2012)....   [tags: Europe, European Union, 19th century, Spain]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Women During The 19th Century Essay

- Helen Keller once said, “Until the great mass of the people shall be filled with the sense of responsibility for each other’s wealth fare, social justice can never be attained.” The way people have been treated in the past affects the way people will be treated in the future. The ability of people to recognize the unfair treatment of others is what sparks social movements that lead to change. During the 19th century in Victorian England, the rights granted to women in society were far from tantamount to their male counterparts....   [tags: Victorian era, Victoria of the United Kingdom]

Better Essays
1159 words (3.3 pages)

Medical Sciences during the Age of Enlightenment Essay

- Medical Sciences during the age of Enlightenment During the Enlightenment Age there were many new development of the sciences, new guiding principles through the encyclopedia, and the upbringing of medical science practices. These advances improved knowledge throughout society because of their technological improvements and new knowledge to mankind. Discoveries in Europe were critical in the upbringing of science. “Europeans scientific revolution matched the new “America” perfectly, they were making it perfect; so they said” (Science in America,Watts)....   [tags: scientific work during the 19th century]

Free Essays
556 words (1.6 pages)

The History Of Transportation And The Rise Of Railways During The 19th Century

- From organic to mechanical, the industrialization of time and of space, the history of transportation and the rise of railways during the Industrial Revolutions throughout Europe and America played an ever-important role in the way our perception of technology and our consciousness has changed and adapted to the learned behaviors of the mechanical and industrialized world. In Schivelbusch’s The Railway Journey: The Industrialization of Time and Space in the Nineteenth Century one will find many key concepts on how technology has impacted the basic ideas of time and space, mechanical versus natural, progress and uniformity just to name a few....   [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]

Better Essays
1045 words (3 pages)

Social Classes, Prostitution and Jack the Ripper in the 19th Century England

- After the Age of Enlightenment in the mid 18th century in England, the tension between the social classes intensified even more. A huge gap generated between the aristocrats and the working class, but dozens of new layers of society appeared. While the rich lived to the fullest, the lower class starved and needed to find alternative ways of money making. Prostitution became more and more widespread, which lead to an inequality and social stratification between poor and rich and due to the economical crisis the number of prostitutes grew from year to year....   [tags: Aristocrats, Working Class, Age of Enlightenment]

Better Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Women And Women During 19th Century

- The eighteenth century marks the period of transformation from seventeen century pre-industrialization and the emergence of nineteen-century capitalism and modernization in Europe. During the rise of the industrial revolution and the eighteenth century came the conception of the classification of gender and sex into two distinct biological characterizations pertaining to masculinity and femininity, commonly known today as the gender binary. The establishment of gender and “the modern system of gender difference” is the basis of social, cultural and political patterns within a certain societal group and the roles or expectations that society has assigned to that specific gender....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, 18th century, Sociology]

Better Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Art During The 19th Century Essay

- Art flourished throughout the history of man before civilization rose in Mesopotamia up to modern day however, the ownership of such relics is highly debated to this day. Because art is so subjective to a specific culture, in times of turmoil art has been taken from its original place, sold, and even destroyed by hostile forces over the course of history. The modern era however, has allowed regions to gain their independence and become stable countries with individual culture and history. Greece is one such nation that gained its independence in the 19th Century but lost art during its occupation by Ottoman Empire and thus is actively trying to recover them....   [tags: Ottoman Empire, Greeks, British Museum, Parthenon]

Better Essays
768 words (2.2 pages)

Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England Essay

- Women's Suffrage in 19th Century England Women's Suffrage in the right of women to share political privileges on equal terms with men, the right to vote in elections and referendums, and the right to hold public office. The women's suffrage was a worldwide issue that had begun a long time before the 19th century. The issues involving women's right to vote was aroused in 1839 when the American Missionary Association began to work to develop education opportunities for blacks and other minorities in the U.S....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1504 words (4.3 pages)