The Effects of Sleep Restriction and Extension on School-Age Children: What a Difference an Hour Makes
i. The purpose of the study to see the effects sleep duration has on neurobehavioral functions (NBF) in young children.
ii. The researchers wanted to examine how adding or removing and hour of sleep for a three-day period can affect children’s NBF.
iii. To examine the effects of adding or removing only one hour of sleep in children’s sleeping schedule.
b. Three hypothesis:
i. The child was able to add or remove an hour of sleep depending on the demand of their environment.
ii. Children in the sleep restriction group improved their overall sleep quality compared to individuals in the sleep extension
iii. Sleep restriction would increase the child fatigue and decrease their NBF.
a. 39 boys and 38 girls participated in this study.
i. 42 of them were in the 4th grade and 35 of them were in the 3rd grade
b. The child was allowed to participate in the study as long as they did not have:
i. Any psychiatric or developmental disorder
ii. Were not taking any medications
iii. Did not have any acute or chronic physical illness
a. Even though the researchers measured the child’s sleeping pattern for 3 nights, the study took a total of 6 days to complete. It commenced on a Sunday and finished on Friday in order to see how sleep can affect children’s academics.
b. Day 1 and 2: the child and their families were instructed the procedures of the study and received an actigraph (what was used to measure the child’s sleeping patterns). They also measured the participants regular s...
... middle of paper ...
...ldren in the SEG group significantly improved in their reaction time, while children scores in the SRG and NCG scores decreased.
iii. Additional Findings
1. Males performed better than females in the NES finger tapping test.
a. Hypothesis 1 was confirmed as over 60% of the children were motivated enough to comply
b. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed as participants in the restricted group felt more fatigue, especially on the forth day.
c. Hypothesis 3 was confirmed as the sleep-quality in the sleep-restriction group improved because they woke up less times during the night.
d. The results can show parents and teaches the negative effects of even sleep one hour less than usual (as it makes the student more fatigue the next day).
e. Limitation: it is still unknown how many hours children need to sleep a night depending on their age.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Many schools in America today are considering in having a longer schedule. However, having a longer schedule has more negatives than positives. Most parents already have a customized schedule that works with the traditional school schedule. Altering schools’ terms can affect the parents’ optimized day-by-day routines. Parents would have to make major changes to their work schedules. Vacations are shortened resulting in shorter family bonding time. High school students would have conflicts with summer jobs.... [tags: Extended School Schedule]
2037 words (5.8 pages)
- Subject Selection Process This study was conducted over 2.5 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball seasons at 15 Division II universities throughout the nation, each school being studied separately. Subjects were selected from a pool of undergraduate female athletes that were currently participating in a varsity level female basketball team. Full rosters of the female basketball team of these universities were recruited through in person explanation of the study and of the procedures, with the approval of the head coach.... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Reaction time]
1272 words (3.6 pages)
- Over the years, early school start times has been attributed to some of the reasons why students have been unable to perform well because they have been deprived of sleep. Sleep is an essential part of people’s daily lives and without it, everyone will be unable to function, as it is known that sleep is needed for optimum performance. Sleep also decides the amount of effort an individual might put into a task due to the amount of sleep an individual might have had. Sleep also has many health benefits on our minds asides from the obvious ones known to people; moreover, one might conclude that it determines a whole lot of things pertaining to our daily lives.... [tags: Sleep deprivation, Sleep, Sleep disorder]
1239 words (3.5 pages)
- Sleep deprivation, the inability to have the required amount of sleep, is an issue that is not taken seriously in adolescent students. It is a direct result of an early start time for school; as students consistently rise early and go to bed late, they will lose more and more sleep, thus not being able to reach the correct amount of sleep and becoming sleep deprived. The bulk of the population does not realize the physical, mental, and academic consequences sleep deprivation has on students, which can be severe.... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, High school]
1315 words (3.8 pages)
- Waking up in the Morning Most alarm clocks in many high school students’ room buzz between six to seven thirty am, because most of the high schools in Manitoba begin at eight thirty am. However, with many extracurricular activities, work, volunteer opportunities, and homework the many students have to do in order to prepare themselves for future careers and scholarships, they usually end up going to bed between one and three. This can cause sleep deprivation and prevent students from maximizing the learning opportunities offered by the education system.... [tags: High school, Sleep, Sleep deprivation]
1112 words (3.2 pages)
- Another reason that causes the negative relationship between sleep deprivation and academic performance is the impact of high-stress level that is caused by sleep deprivation. As mentioned earlier, sleep deprivation could decrease a student’s critical thinking and problem-solving skills. However, it can also make the students feel more stressful. According to the survey conducted in Ball State campus, there are 15 students that often do their homework before they go to bed. 10 students play video games, computer games, and mobile games before they go to sleep.... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, High school, Student]
1727 words (4.9 pages)
- Video gaming has become popular among people of all ages, many spend large amounts of time playing video games. Although playing video games have some positive aspects beginning with creativity and problem solving that is not seen by non-gamers. Gaming should be closely monitored in today 's youth by their parents as gaming represents a variety of social anxieties about youth violence and the inability for adults to control what young people do and know mostly in white middle class families. According to Will Write author of the article “Dream Machine” Video games contribute to youth learning in a totally new way and treat the world as a place for creation and not consumption.... [tags: Video game, Violence, Nonviolent video game]
849 words (2.4 pages)
- Many college students suffer from sleep deprivation; only a few students would say that they are getting enough rest at night. Sleep deprivation is caused by not receiving the amount of sleep that the human body needs to function properly throughout the day. Sleep deprivation has many causes and effects that most often lead to depression, physical illness, learning problems, and irregular sleep patterns; Elizabeth Austin offers two solutions to help college students cope with sleep deprivation. In order to function normally, “adequate sleep is a biological necessity” (Austin 34).... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder]
773 words (2.2 pages)
- Sleep disorders are a common topic of interest in a multitude of science literature, specifically in psychological literature. Sleep is a required necessity in life, it’s fundamental for us to get adequate sleep in order for our bodies to function properly. Although sleep is a huge aspect of our health, it seems that society, as a whole, is getting less and less sleep. Sleep disorders have many definitions and a multitude of effects on one’s physical, mental, and emotional health. A term used to describe sleep patterns is sleep hygiene; Sleep hygiene is a set of behaviors that are related to the quality of sleep, (Todd and Mullan 2012).... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder]
1804 words (5.2 pages)
- There have been a number of studies that studies the factors that may affect student’s academic performance. Several factors include social relationship, stress level, family, sleep, health, study habits and time management. Unfortunately, recent research is increasingly showing that there is an increase in the number of students that are not getting enough sleep, which can cause negative impact to their academic performance in school. Sleep is vital to one’s well-being. It is as important as the air that you breathe, the water that you drink, and the food that you eat.... [tags: Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder]
1254 words (3.6 pages)