Keywords: counterfactual thinking, impoliteness, gender, decision-making, regret
If Only fragments: The Effects of Counterfactual Thinking and Basic Beliefs
Each student reacts differently at the end of the semester. While some reflect deeply on their grades, others will not give a second thought to the grade they receive. According to Acquits, Ainsworth, Baumeister, Daly and Stillman (2015), these students who reflect on their grade and say "What if" and "If I had only...” are taking part in what is called counterfactual thinking. The focus of this paper will be how basic beliefs influence the decisions of the participants when thinking about how things could have gone differently.
One of the features that predict whether a situation generates many or few counterfactual thoughts is how we control and perceive the situation (Byrne, 2005). ...
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...couple dies after they drown in the river. Based on prior research, we expect males to place more blame on the taxi driver than females when the taxi driver is rude to the passengers. However, when there is no verbal interaction between the taxi driver and the couple, we expect both genders to place less blame on the taxi driver since the outcome was inevitable.
I also hypothesized that the responses given by the participants would be influenced by the participant’s gender and the rudeness shown in each scenario. One factor that would be affected by gender would be the number of “if only” statements participants create. Based on prior research, we expect males to create less “if only” statements than females. However, when there is no verbal interaction between the taxi driver and the couple, we expect both genders to create the same amount of “if only” statements.
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