Individuals with autism are often characterized with behaviors that are atypical. These behaviors can include social development, communication and repetitive behavior. Autistic individuals are often given medication to help lessen the effects of these behaviors as well as given behavioral therapy to increase their quality of life. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs social interaction and communication that can be treated with behavioral therapy and medication.
What is Autism?
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social interaction impairment, restricted-verbal or non-verbal communication, and accompanied by restricted and repetitive behavior. According to the CDC “About ever 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)” (Autism Spectrum Disorder). ASD is also “about 4.5 times more common among boys (1in 42) than in among girls (1 in 189)” says the CDC (Autism Spectrum Disorder). Autism affects how the brain processes information by altering nerve cells and how their synapses connect and organize information. Signs develop gradually, and the earlier signs are commonly noticed within the first two years of a child’s life. Autism Spectrum Disorder is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factor. ASD is often associated with infections during pregnancy such as rubella or the use of alcohol and drugs. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for autism, though there is always hope for the future.
How Autism Affects Behavior
Autism affects several various aspects of behavior. These aspects are social development, communication and repetitive behavior.
Autism is distinguished from other developmental disorde...
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...ymptoms when behavioral treatment fails. More than fifty percent of US children diagnosed with autism are prescribed psychoactive drugs and/or anticonvulsants, with most of these being antidepressants, stimulants, and antipsychotics. Antipsychotics have been found to be useful for treating irritability, repetitive, and sleeplessness. No known medication relieves autism’s main symptoms of social and communication impairments.
In conclusion autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impairs social interaction and communication that can be treated with behavioral therapy and medication. Individuals with autism often exhibit atypical behaviors including social development, communication and repetitive behavior. Autistic individuals are generally given behavioral therapy and medication to less the effects of the behaviors and increase their quality of life.
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