Content theories of motivation identifies our needs and relate motivation to the fulfilment of these needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is based on the assumption that every human being has a hierarchy of 5 needs. The 5 needs are physiological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualization. As the lower order needs are satisfied, people move on to pursue the higher order needs. Physiological and safety needs are classified as lower order needs and they can be satisfied physically while social, esteem and self-actualization needs are satisfied emotionally. The theory suggests that humans are only motivated by the next tier of needs only if the previous needs were substantially satisfied and a satisfied need is not a motivator. Furthermore, human’s innate desire to work up the hierarchy and the experience of self-actualisation is able to stimulate the desire for more of such similar experience. Maslow’s theory is able to interpret and breakdown the needs of employees and provide organisations with a general framework to follow.
However, it has been criticized as ethnocentric by Hofstede (1984) as it focuses on the western culture. He argues that the theory does not transcend the cultural boundarie...
... middle of paper ...
...uld inspire employees to emulate the leaders and realise a common goal.
An example of a transformational leader is Paul O’Neill who was the CEO of Alcoa. By focusing on the health and safety of the workplace, the employees recognise that Paul O’Neill cares about their wellbeing which in turn motivates these workers to work harder. The result is huge increase in profits from the day Paul O’Neill entered the company to the day he retired (Duhigg, 2012).
Many theories are not able to address the complexity and subjectivity of the human mind adequately. Although every theory has it criticisms due to that deficiency, it is undeniable that they have helped organisations understand the general attitude of employees through a general framework. It is then up to the leaders to understand the employees’ subjective point of view and motivate them to the best of their ability.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The MLQ original factor structure was originally formed with transformational leadership according to Burns’ (1978) (as cited by Avolio, Bass, & Jury, 1999). It was based on research in which 198 US Army field grade officers had to evaluate their superior officers using the MLQ (Form 1) (Avolio, Bass, Jung, 1999). Later, there were several problems found in the instrument that were observed and thus, revisions of this instrument took place. Hater and Bass (1988) (as cited by Avolio and et al., 1999), analyzed a revised format of the revision account of the MLQ (Form 4R), which separated active and passive from within the management-by-exception portion.... [tags: Leadership, Motivation]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Transformation leadership: Being an effective leader in nursing “Effective nursing leadership is a vehicle through which healthcare delivery and consumer demands can be fulfilled (Doody, 2012).” Being an effective leader is such an important part of the work criteria for registered nurses. It takes someone who is able to communicate with their team, confident and passionate in what they do, and most importantly, someone who is caring and will inspire other to do their best every day. Transformational leadership in nursing is a process that motivates your co-workers by listening to higher ideas and the different moral values of them (Doody, 2012).... [tags: Nursing, Nurse, Florence Nightingale, Leadership]
1589 words (4.5 pages)
- ... Qualitative evaluation of the questionnaires indicated that leaders could act as role models in promoting teamwork, mutual respect, and organizational commitment to achieve success. In fact, in a recent study of nursing care at a large Belgian hospital revealed greater commitment to patient safety and quality of care was attained through behavioral influence from head nurses (Lievens, 2014, p. 653). Inspirational motivation consists of vision communication to followers, fostering follower identification with the vision, and motivating them to acquire a cohesive sense of purpose.... [tags: influence, motivation, employees]
897 words (2.6 pages)
- The driving force behind the way a leader led has the ability to determine the manner in which their employees work. The research has revealed that certain types of leadership styles work better in different environment. Whereas within the educational arena it imperative to know the needs of the teachers in the building. By identifying these need a principal has the ability to maximize how teachers feel and perform on their job. Sergiovanni (1990) offers that the moral leadership that exceeds traditional reputation often gets a better outcome of teacher performance.... [tags: Leadership, Teacher, Management, Education]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- There is a positive relationship between transformational leadership and emotional intelligence (Harms and Crede, 2010). Emotional intelligence is separated into two categories called emotions and intelligence. Emotions are the way we feel and have the ability to modify the way a person thinks (Mayer & Salovey, 1997, p.6). For instance, a happy person may think they are healthy (Mayer & Salovey, 1997, p.6). This is called mood congruent judgment where an emotion combined with an idea can increase the merit of the idea (Mayer & Salovey, 1997, p.6).... [tags: Emotional intelligence, Psychology, Emotion]
1649 words (4.7 pages)
- ... Second, they use intellectual stimulation and challenge employees to accept innovative solutions to problems and to challenge the status quo (Bass, 1985; Bass, Avolio, Jung &Berson, 2003). Therefore, these leaders are expected to influence their subordinates reactions to organizational change in a positive way (Bass &Riggio, 2006; Groves, 2005). Transformational leadership is important during times of change because of the ability of such leaders to engage followers and motivate them to support the change (Herold, Fedor, Caldwell & Liu, 2008).... [tags: organizational change, employees]
902 words (2.6 pages)
- Mark Zuckerberg: The Face of Transformational Leadership For everyone in the business world, Mark Zuckerberg is a well-known name to them. He is an undeniably young, successful businessman. However, Zuckerberg is also a very successful leader in his own company as well as in the world. His impact from creating Facebook is more than just impressive. Zuckerberg created the social media website where people get connected virtually and led the company to incredible success. Zuckerberg’s leadership style can be seen with inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and idealized influence.... [tags: Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz]
1196 words (3.4 pages)
- This article examines the relationship between transformational leadership, cognitive trust, and collective efficacy, in addition to the impact of these variables has on team performance. With the increasing competition in every market, organizations are using teams as the key feature of sustainable competitive advantage. Organizations continue to highlight how forming teams are crucial to their success and that team performance impacts their bottom-line. While team performance is critical to organizational success, the team leader is the dominant one to ascertain the group’s performance.... [tags: Leadership, Team, Project team, The A-Team]
1737 words (5 pages)
- Leadership styles can be divided, primarily, into the two categories of democratic and authoritarian leadership styles. This study will examine the three democratic styles of transformational, servant, and charismatic leadership. The study will both broaden the knowledge of these forms of leadership and examine their effect on performance, engagement, and job satisfaction. The research will further attempt to properly define each style, identify their goals, and effect on innovation. The styles will ultimately be compared and measured against one another to determine their merits and perils.... [tags: Leadership, Charismatic authority, Charisma]
1487 words (4.2 pages)
- Leadership Background Values-based leadership has a significant impact on the performance and the functioning of an organization. Boje,(2000) cites Burn’s (1978) theoretical work on transformational leadership basing his argument on Kohlberg’s moral development theory and Weber’s (1947) theory of leadership and authority. In his work, Boje, 2000 agrees with Burn’s that a moral value based leader, is the one who emphasizes social exchange between leader and follower in the form of the psychological and mutual needs contract driven by charisma, individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation and inspirational motivation.(Homrig, 2001) The transcendent values of transformational leaders... [tags: Transformational Leaders]
1421 words (4.1 pages)