Maslow's Theory

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (Name) (Institutional Affiliation) (Date of Submission) Maslow’s hierarchy of need is a psychological theory that was proposed by Maslow in his writing in 1943. It is a theory in psychological review about human motivation. In his writing, Maslow wanted to have a clear understanding what exactly makes people motivated. He believed that there is a system of motivation possessed by individuals, which are not connected to unconscious desires or rewards. Maslow stated that motivation helps people to attain specific needs. An individual desires to get the next need when one is fulfilled. The credible version of hierarchy of needs of Maslow (1943, 1954), have five motivational levels that are arranged in a pyramid with depicted levels. The stages are divided in basic needs which include, psychological, love, safety, and esteem. These needs are also primary of deficiency needs. The other needs are growth needs which incorporate self-actualization needs. When basic needs are not met, they are said to motivate people. The strength of the desire of such needs depends with the time in which they are denied. For example, the more a person lacks food, the hungrier that person becomes. Basic needs must be satisfied before a person proceeds to satisfy other needs in the higher levels. When basic needs are satisfied reasonably, the person can now strive at achieving the self-actualization level, which is the highest level. All people have potential and desire to move from basic needs to self-actualization level. The progress is unfortunately disrupted by failure to achieve the psychological needs. For example, life experiences such as loss of job and divorce may result in stagnation in progress fr... ... middle of paper ... ... motivate him to worker harder to move to the next stage in the pyramid. For example, when a person in the middle level of the hierarchy is motivated because of meeting the first levels of need will impact those struggling with basic needs to put more effort. This has great impact than when the same is used in the primary level. References Alderfer, C. (1969). An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Needs. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, vol. 4, pp. 142 - 175. Bootzin, R., Loftus, E., Zajonc, R., Hall, E. (1983). Psychology Today: An Introduction. New York: Random House. Fifth Edition. Herzberg, F. (1966). Work and the Nature of Man. Cleveland: World Publishing Co. Maslow, A.H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396. - See more at: http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leadhb.html#sthash.bX0aa7WY.dpuf

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