Edward Thorndike 's Theory Of Law Of Effect On How Cats Escape From A Puzzle Box

Edward Thorndike 's Theory Of Law Of Effect On How Cats Escape From A Puzzle Box

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Edward Thorndike best known for his theory of law of effect on how cats escape from a puzzle box in 1898 was the first psychologist to study the consequences of behavior. Thorndike used cats and dogs. Thorndike put together what he called a puzzle box. The idea was that the cat has to get through the maze by doing different puzzles such as step on a lever or hit a lever with their tail. At the end of the puzzle box the cat or dog would receive a bowel of food for getting out. Thorndike would do this several times and time each animal to see how fast they can do the course each time. The cats would learn to escape from the puzzle box, however only when there was only one response. (Jr, 1998)
Thorndike came to the conclusion that “the puzzle box was a stimulus that elicited a number of responses; the effects of most were “annoyers” (failures to escape or to reach the food), but one was a “satisfier,” which yield both escape and food” (Hunt, p. 280). Furthermore, if an appropriate behavior is pursued by certain consequences or a reward, saying that behavior in the future will most likely happen again; as a result of this Thorndike called this reinforcement when the cats escaped from the box. Thorndike realized that animals learn by trial and error and being rewarded.
Burrhus Frederic Skinner
B.F. Skinner is known as the father of operant conditioning, his theory comes from Thorndike’s theory of Law of Effect. In 1938 Skinner sparked the term operant conditioning. Operant conditioning is “A process of behavior modification in which a subject is encouraged to behave in a desired manner through positive or negative reinforcement, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement with the behavior” ...

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...straight. On the sixth day of the experiment Zimbardo shut it down because it had gone too far. The men that played the guards really thought they were guards and the prisoners thought they were prisoners. Zimbardo’s conclusion came to give a man a little power and it will change their behavior.
Behaviorism is now known as behavior analysis. Behavior analysis has two major areas experimental and applied. Experimental takes the research of other psychologist and add to the original research to keep t updated and knowledgeable about behavior. Applied is when someone makes sure that the behavior principals are being used real world situations. No matter how many years ago Pavlov or Skinner first did their research it is still used today. Behavior is all around us and always will be. The only difference is that as humans and animals change behaviorism does not.

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