Ecoturism and Its Impact in Gunung National Parks of Sarawak Essay

Ecoturism and Its Impact in Gunung National Parks of Sarawak Essay

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Ecotourism and Its Impact in Gunung Gading National Parks of Sarawak
Lim Jia Yang
Plant Resource Science and Management
Department of Plant Science and Environmental Ecology
Faculty of Resource Science and Technology
University of Malaysia Sarawak


Executive Summary……………………………………………………………………… 1
1.0 Research Background
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Problem statement
1.3 Objective
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Concept of Ecotourism
2.2 Impacts of ecotourism
2.2.1 Environmental impacts
2.2.2 Economic impacts
2.2.3 Sociocultural impacts
3.0 Methodology
3.1 Study area
3.2 Research methods
3.2.1 Qualitative methods
3.2.2 Questionnaire-based surveys
4.0 Expected Outcomes
5.0 Work Schedule
6.0 References

1.0 Research Background
1.1 Introduction
There is arising of concern for the need of conservation and the well-being of our environment is now firmly in the vision of the public. A corresponding upsurge in tourism all over the world leading to the phenomenon is happening and referred as ‘mass tourism’ (Krippendorf, 1987). In conjunction with this unparalleled growth of mass tourism as a user of the mother of nature, concern has been shown over the relationship of the natural environment with tourist activities (Hunter & Green, 1995). Therefore, ecotourism is emerging as one of the rapid growing tourism industry in this era.
Weaver (2008) stated that the term ecotourism was unknown in the English language until the mid-1980s. At the beginning of the 21st century, this kind of recreational activity involves the appreciation and observation of wildlife and the natural environment. This is aimed to minimize the ecologic...

... middle of paper ...

...tatus report and conceptual framework, Journal of Tourism Studies, 5(2), 24-35.
Dixon, J. & Sherman, P. (1990). Economics of Protected Areas: A New Look at Benefits and Costs. Washington DC: Island Press.
Jules, S. (2005). Sustainable Tourism in St. Lucia: A Sustainability Assesment of Trade and Liberalization in Tourism Services. Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development.
Lindberg, K. (1998). Economic aspects of ecotourism. In K. Lindberg, M. Eplerwood & D. Engeldrum (Eds.), Ecotourism: A Guide for Planners and Managers, 2, 87-117.
Sarawak Forestry Cooperation. (2006). Gunung Gading National Park. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from
Knudson, D.M., Cable, T.T, & Beck, L. (1999). Interpretation of Cultural and Natural Resources. Cato Avenue, State College, PA 16801: Venture Publishing. Inc.

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