Ed. J. Paul Hunter. 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2012. 5-161.
Carroll identifies the three levels at which a literary criticism informed by evolutionary psychology should work: human nature, cultural order, and individual identity (150). While human nature constrains all cultural productions, “cultural forms are themselves the product of a complex interaction among various innate dispositions and between innate dispositions and variable environmental conditions” (152). Evolutionary psychology enables us to understand not only literary universals, but also the complex and often conflicting relationship between human nature, culture, and the individual. In their book Homicide, evolutionary psychologists Margo Wilson and Martin Daly identify one such conflict between human nature and the contemporary cultural order. They argue that humans have an innate concept of justice which is based on the idea of personal revenge.
Web. 05 May 2014. . "Frankenstein By Mary Shelley Frankenstein at a Glance." Frankenstein at a Glance. N.p., n.d.