Admittedly, there are only a few novels in the history of Indian English Literature, which can be read ecocritically. In fact a serious concern with ecological balance seems to be lacking in earlier works though nature has been employed as an important backdrop against which the stories of these novels develop. The title novella of Anita Desai’s latest book, a trio of linked novellas entitled The Artist of Disappearance published in 2011, is one of a few literary works in which there is a concern
“Erzulie”, a short story written by Pauline Melville, illustrates an important theme in Caribbean literature. The story is an example of literature that uses a strong theme of nature in the text and displays environmental symbolism throughout. The main theme in Caribbean literature is seen as the struggles of indigenous people and the consequences they face after the islands were colonized, however other themes such as post-colonial environmental harm can be seen in stories such as “Erzulie”.
term ecocriticism was first used by William Rueckert in his essay titled Literature and Ecology: An Experiment in Ecocriticism in 1978. Here he focuses on the application of ecology and ecological concepts to the study of literature. Yet the term remained obscure until the publication of two seminal works, both published in the mid-1990s namely: The Ecocriticism Reader, edited by Cheryll Glotfelty and Harold Formm, and Lawrence Buell’s The Environment Imagination. Cheryll defines ecocriticism as “the
21st century marked by communicational advances and technological developments, issues related to environment have gained momentum. Man’s changing relationship to the natural world has become the focus of many literary texts produced in the contemporary era. The ambivalent attitude of man towards nature has been continuing since eons, as he is not willing to accommodate the role of the environment within the paradigms of the socio-cultural framework. The literary world has witnessed the production
Copway speak of nature and environment with admiration by showeing the positive sides of nature. In addition, they both describe nature and the environment as a rough and challenging element of life. Susanna Moodie speaks of the wilderness as pure and a phenomenon that does not interfere with human activities. On the other hand Copway encounters a spectacle in the description of nature as presented in the travel documented in the biography. However, both describe environment and wilderness in distinctive
McCarthy and Collins focused on through their literature. They both established the common themes such as survival and violation in literature to discover unreal and unstable future for the region. Life is incredibly difficult for those who living in the society; therefore, they require managing a great strength of spirit to survive. There is a big connection between fiction and environmental discourse, which developing an argument in contemporary Ecocriticism. The novels are undoubtedly thematically