In our world, we are faced with many severe phenomenons. In the continent of Africa, droughts are one of the many phenomenons that have been acknowledged. An African country like, Chad, located east of Niger and southwest of Egypt, is a old victim of this phenomenon The Sahel regions, consisting of countries like Chad, Mauritania, Mali, etc…, face droughts regularly. Half of the country is in the Saharan Desert, while the other half, in the Sahel region. Its regular scarcity of rainfall leads to droughts. According to Hydrological Sciences Journal, “West African Sahel has experienced a significant drought which, according to some authors, corresponds to a discontinuity (abrupt change) in the rainfall series” (“Hydrological Sciences Journal”, 564). This demonstrates that a drought, or lack of annual rainfall, has occurred since the late 19th century. This paper will analyze several articles and scientific conclusions that ventilated the droughts in the Sahel region, namely Chad.
A drought is a phenomenon that occurs in many places in the world. It can be defined as the scarcity of water in an area, resulting to the quality of the land, deteriorated. Droughts can take place through human activities, or even dramatic climate changes. Drought can alter the food chain as well, by eliminating livable habitats for many species; resulting to massive extinction. However, that is more of the biological effects of droughts. Deficiency of annual rainfall can introduce the “drought effect”. Even though the Sahelian region experienced many severe droughts, 1971 to 2000 were the “three driest decades in the 20th century” (“Hydrological Sciences Journal”,564).In the Sahelian region, it is said that it received 300 to 700 mm of ...
... middle of paper ...
...no longer suffer from this phenomenon. Many scientists and authors proposed sustainable solutions like, conservation of water, concrete water management techniques, etc… Now, it is up to Chad, and the rest of the Sahelian region, to attempt to maintain this issue.
Hydrological Sciences Journal; Analysis of a Sahelian annual index rainfall from 1890 to 2000 Taylor & Francis
Fish Statistics in the Lake Chad Basin during the Drought (1969-1976)
Alfred Stauch Hydrologist O.R.S.T.O.M
NOAA/CPC RFE Climatology Method
Drought and hunger in Africa; denying a future famine
Michael H. Glantz
Drought Management in a Changing West
DIANE, Publishing Company
MATRIX ANALYSIS OF VARIOUS PROPOSALS FOR THE LONG-TERM SOLUTION TO FUTURE DROUGHTS IN GEORGIA: SCIENTIFIC, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL SOLUTIONS TO DROUGHT PROOF GEORGIA
Curtis L. Hollabaugh
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Droughts are one of the most expensive natural hazards and have the potential to last for months or even years (U.S. Drought Portal). Along with famine and flooding, droughts are considered one of the top three threats to the population (Oblack). A drought is defined as an unusually long period of time with persistent lack of precipitation that causes serious problems. Several factors that affect the severity of a drought are the degree of moisture deficiency, length, size, and location of where the drought occurs (Droughts).... [tags: Climate Change and Droughts]
673 words (1.9 pages)
- History and Future of Wyoming’s Droughts The Great Basin of North America and Wyoming specifically, is known for its arid and semi-arid environment, as well as prolonged and sometimes severe droughts. Drought is the prolonged and abnormal deficiency of moisture with the concomitant decline in runoff to a level significantly lower than usual (Guldin 1989). The history of droughts in Wyoming has been uncertain in the past, but recent studies of tree rings in the Big Horn Basin of Wyoming have given insight to droughts as far back as 1260A.D.... [tags: Wyoming Weather Drought Essays Papers]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- The Chadian Government just got done with a war that lasted a year between them and the rebel forces inN'Djamena. But even after the war security forces for the Chadian Government still continue to break Human Rights Laws by carrying out murder, which violates the human right to live, torture, Which violates the human right to live in safety, and forced disappearances, this violates everybodies human right to live in safety and freedom (“Amnesty Wants Chad…”). Another big thing going on in Chad is a huge conflict between the government and Sudan.... [tags: Human Rights Violations]
1438 words (4.1 pages)
- Natural Hazards Droughts in Australia The Nature of Droughts in Australia A drought is a lengthened dry period where there is not a sufficient amount of water for users’ standard requirement. Australia is the driest continent. The main explanation is that our country lies in a region of high atmospheric pressure and an inconsistent rate of rainfall. During a drought, streams and rivers dry up whilst plants and animals die. This is because they lack water and there tends to be less food to eat.... [tags: southern oscillation, economic, social]
765 words (2.2 pages)
- Chad Chad is one of the most underdeveloped countries in the world because of its climate, geographic location, and a lack of infrastructure and natural resources. It's main cash crop that is helping it's economy is cotton, which accounts for 48% of exports.1 The industry of Chad is mainly based on processing agricultural products. It is run by a republican government and it's legal system is based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law. The recent president is Idriss Deby and head of government is Prime Minister Joseph Yodoyman Chad had gained its independence from France on August 11, 1960.... [tags: essays research papers]
1328 words (3.8 pages)
- In Chad, there are many human rights violations and it is affecting the fellow Chadians. There are many terrible human rights violations happening in Chad. Such as, children are being forced out of their homes and into military or rebel groups, there is an extreme lack of care in the prison system, and the former President of Chad issued, and or saw the killings of thousands of civilians. Chad is located in north-central Africa. Chad has the lowest per-capital income in the world. The country faces challenges in the areas of political stability and economic development.... [tags: Military Groups, Killings, Government]
1413 words (4 pages)
- When people think about droughts they think about the short term effects that are playing roles on the economy, however, many people don’t think of the long term affects that droughts can have on the economy. Droughts are dangerous, they don’t only affect one area or thing but can disable or damage an entire food chain, which in the end can cause serious problems for people all over the U.S. over an extended amount of time. The focal point of this paper will be about the drought of 2012 and how it affected the U.S.... [tags: Short Term Effects, Roles, Economy]
1223 words (3.5 pages)
- Droughts are a very serious problem that can affect us environmentally, agriculturally, and economically. Droughts happen when the moisture in the soil is not enough to meet the demands of evapotranspiration, which is the process of moisture transferring from the Earth to the air by the process of evaporation of water and transpiration by plants. Droughts are usually associated with semiarid climates, but can occur anywhere that normally has an acceptable amount of rainfall and moisture levels, and they are usually associated with warm to hot dry winds, high temperatures, and low relative humidity.... [tags: Climate Change, Water Restrictions]
2885 words (8.2 pages)
- Forty years ago, as a “large expanse of water,” it deserved its designation: Chad, the local word for the lake that gives its name to the country that it borders. Located west of Chad and sharing boundaries with Nigeria, Niger, and Cameroon, Lake Chad is a remnant of a gigantic inland sea, and was once Africa’s largest water reservoir in the Sahel. Wildlife, particularly millions of migratory birds crossing the Sahara Desert, depends on this major watering center. For humanity, the Lake Chad Basin is home to over 20 million that rely on the lake’s surrounding wetlands for fishing, farming, hunting, and grazing.... [tags: Lake Chad, African Resources]
869 words (2.5 pages)
- Effects on Drought Drought has long been recognized as one of the most insidious causes of human misery. It has today the unfortunate distinction of being the natural disaster that annually claims the most victims. Its ability to cause widespread misery is actually increasing. While generally associated with semiarid climates, drought can occur in areas that normally enjoy adequate rainfall and moisture levels. In the broadest sense, any lack of water for the normal needs of agriculture, livestock, industry, or human population may be termed a drought.... [tags: Papers]
4077 words (11.6 pages)