The Division Of The 19th Century

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lass division played a significant role in shaping the image of 19th century cities such as London and Paris. The gap between classes could reach enormous sizes subdividing a city into nominal enclaves and districts. It is critical to note that the mechanism of class division is very complicated and can be analyzed through different lens. The essay at hand targets to provide a comprehensive analysis of three principles of class division in the 19th century: formal, territorial, and psychological. Three of them had a powerful impact on shaping the image of cities. The first example of the class division that shaped the image of the big cities such as London and Paris in the 19th century is the formal division. In this view the contemporary society could be subdivided into three major groups: the underclass, the middle class, and the upper class. It is essential to note that at that historical point the second class would be in the process of its formation. As such, it might be suggested that the 19th century would mark the appearance of such social phenomenon as a working class that is now identified with the middle social stratum. From a traditional economic standpoint, this class would be composed of any employees that had a legally paid labor: sellers, scholars, etc. In some geographic areas this class would acquire a particularly distinctive image. As such, the working class of the 19th century London is commonly associated with the cockney population. This social stratum would feature a bridge between the historically formed classes: the under and the upper divisions. It is necessary to note that the gap this bridge strived to cover was enormous. The rate of the poverty that the 19th century Europe was exposed to was in... ... middle of paper ... rational. Thus, apart from the objective factors that determined the mechanisms of class division in big cities of the 19th century, the mental or psychological aspect would likewise play a critical role in shaping the cities’ environment. In this view, it might be concluded that each type of class division analyzed in this essay played its own role in shaping large cities such as London and Paris in the 19th century. Thus, the formal division provided the society with a comprehensive formula which helped to differentiate between the nominal “insiders” and “outsiders.” The territorial class division, in its turn, would help to divide the cities in the relevant zones so that the interaction between upper and lower classes was limited to the minimum. Finally, the psychological class division played a particularly important role in shaping the cities’ environment.

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