The Discovery Of The Between Hippocrates And Sophocles Essay

The Discovery Of The Between Hippocrates And Sophocles Essay

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In today’s world, the material, formation, path, and several other details about comets are not a mystery, but this was not always the case. Back in the fifth century BCE, Anaxagoras and Democritus thought that comets were a conjunction of the planets, since they appeared as a stretched out shape when they were near each other. Pythagoreans believed that comets were one of the planets, but that they stayed close to the horizon and had long revolution periods. Hippocrates and Aeschylus also thought that comets were a planet, but they believed the tail is seen when “our sight is reflected to the sun from the moisture attracted by the comet” (Aristotle Part 6). All of these theories were later rejected by Aristotle in the fourth century BCE. He argues against the conjunction theory by stating that some fixed stars have tails and that eventually a comet will split again into two individual stars if it appears due to conjunction, but there has been no reports of such an event. He also argues that comets cannot be planets because many comets appear outside the circle of the zodiac while all planets appear inside, more than one comet can be seen simultaneously, and only five planets have been observed, all of which can be seen above the horizon at the same time as comets. After rejecting these previous theories, Aristotle comes up with his own about two different types of comets, independent and dependent, and how comets affect the weather on Earth.
Aristotle first introduces a type of comet that comes into appearance independently due to the burning of exhalations. The fire layer, which is the dry and warm exhalation, and the air below it both move in a circular motion that is caused by the revolution of the celestial sphere. Whenever ...

... middle of paper ...’s weather
Throughout the fifth century BCE, many scientists and philosophers tried to explain the phenomena of comets, such as Hippocrates, Anaxagoras, Democritus, Pythagoreans, and Aeschylus. The theories put forth by these men were quickly rejected by Aristotle in the fourth century BCE in his book Meteorology. After explaining why these men were wrong, he suggested his own theory that there are two different types of comets: independent comets and dependent comets. Independent comets form due to the slow burning of hot and dry exhalation, while dependent comets form from the exhalation from a nearby star or planet. Aristotle also goes on to show that there is a connection between comets and the weather on earth. This theory provided answers to many questions that were being asked about comets during this time, which is why it was accepted by many for centuries.

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