This is an essay about the different theories of intelligence; it will discuss which theory is best at determining intelligence in my opinion. The information provided will help describe the pros and cons of each of the theories being used to define intelligence, explain why is it important to assess children’s intelligence, and discuss the type of intelligence I possess. The different theories of intelligence are complex and understanding the elements of each can help an individual choose the one that they believe is the best for determining intelligence. Comparing the positive and the negative elements of each theory of intelligence will allow an individual to see both sides of the theory and the flaws that may be twisted into them.
Theories of Intelligence and the pros and cons of using each to define intelligence
There are different theories of intelligence and using each one to define intelligence can have pros and cons. The different theories include Charles Spearman the theory of General Intelligence, Howard Gardner the Theory of Multiple Intelligence, and Robert Sternberg the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (Santrock, 2014). Each of these theories, have their own elements and define intelligence in different ways.
Charles Spearman the theory of General Intelligence
General Intelligence is the ability to think about ideas, analyze situations, and solve problems. Verbal Intelligence; Non-verbal Intelligence; Concrete Reasoning; and Abstract Reasoning are several of the mental abilities that have been identified by psychologists (Santrock, 2013). Spearman’s thoughts were that intelligence is general cognitive ability that can be numerically expressed and measured.
The pro of using this theory to d...
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...gence is important for success to get through school and through life successfully, ignoring or not assessing a child’s intelligence can prevent the child’s ability to get through life.
In conclusion, there are many different theories of intelligence in which all have their pros and cons. In my opinion the Multiple Intelligence Theory is the best in determining intelligence. Intelligence is not just one ability, it is many and cultures are all different in intelligence so summing intelligence into on factor is not culturally fair. I believe I possess a few different types of intelligences that are prominent. I believe that everyone possess many types of intelligences some more prominent than others. Also, assessing a child’s intelligence is very important and doing so can help them go through life successfully and help catch any learning abilities that may arise.
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