In today’s globalized world, we are connected with each other than ever before, whether it be through social media, phones, or globalized businesses. Therefore in this globalized world, it has also become of vital importance for leaders to know the contrasts among cultures, to avoid future and current business blunders. Therefore, this paper will discuss the Hofstede’s six cultural dimensions and their relationship to leadership and the two dimensions that make the most effective leader.
Hofstede’s Six Cultural Dimensions and their Relationship to Leadership
According to Professor Hofstede (2010), culture is the “collective programming of the mind distinguishing the members of one group or category or people from others.” Hofstede, Hofstede, & Minkov (2010), based on their extensive reserach established six dimensions of national culture, which are “power distance, Individualism (vs. collectivism), Masculinity (vs. femininity), Uncertainty avoidance, Long term orientation (vs. short therm normative orientation), and Indulgence (vs. restraint)”. These six dimensions are relative marks of the different countries rather than aboslute, as we are all human and unique by nature despite our sharing similar cultural practices and views, therefore the culture is used “meaningfully as comparison” in this case (Hofstede, Hofstede, & Minkov, 2010).
These national six dimensions of culture can be immensely helpful in managing and leading in different cultures because they are values shared by majority on a national level and are relatively stable over time, with changes only over generations; meanwhile cultural dimensions at organizational level are practices that are relatively superficial and can be easily...
... middle of paper ...
... and attitude ideals than them. In general, An effective leader is someone who is aware of these various naunces and carefully administors business while keeping in mind all the information regarding these various cultural dimensions.
In conclusion, Culture is a construct that is relative, not an absolute, but it also represents a group of people and their underlying values and beliefs. Therefore, leaders would have to be vigilant in regards to all the differences. Hofstede’s six cultural dimensions provide an imperative look into the intricasies that represent a culture, and leader would have to pick up the various points and effectively lead using the information from those different dimensions. Effective leader can use all dimensions while leading, but two most imperative in my opinion are individualistic (vs. collective) and masculine (vs. feminine).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... possess participative leadership styles, whereas India has a hierarchy structure possessing an authoritative leadership style. Participative leadership style is a unique style wherein “a manager is the team leader and accepts team ideas over his own ideas, focuses on creativity and creates a culture of innovation” (Brown, 2007). On the contrary, in authoritative leadership style, leaders acquire dictatorial working style. They do not trust their team member’s abilities and consider their own ideas as accurate.... [tags: Culture, Sociology, Cross-cultural communication]
1106 words (3.2 pages)
- Professor Geert Hofstede led an extensive comprehensive study of values in the workforce and how they are influenced by culture. His research spanned over 70 countries during 1937 and 1973, and many different types of workers in several levels of the workforce Hofstede, G. (2001). Based on his research, he developed a model of six dimensions of national culture. The six dimensions are labeled as: Power distance index, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance index, long term orientation versus short term normative orientation and indulgence versus restraint.... [tags: Culture, Geert Hofstede]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- ... 4. Uncertainty avoidance index deals with society’s tolerance for uncertainty and ambiguity. In uncertainty avoidance culture, people attempt to predict and control their life as much as they can by using strict laws and rules, safety and security measures, and on a belief in absolute Truth (Hofstede, 2011). Moreover, uncertainty avoidance is not necessarily defined as avoiding risk. Hofstede argues that people in high-scoring countries have a willing to engage in risky behavior when they reduce ambiguities precisely in the purpose of preventing failure.... [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]
1238 words (3.5 pages)
- ... Based on the power distance dimension, South Korea’s structures it businesses with flat or less centralized hierarchies (Kristof, 1985; The Hofstede Center, n. d.), and “subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat” (The Hofstede Center, n. d., para. 3). However, based on the power distance dimension, there is less emphasis is placed on organizational hierarchy in the United Kingdom (Straker, 2005; The Hofstede Center, n. d.) compared to South Korea. The results of Hofstede’s power distance dimension also correlate with the results of the individualism dimension for South Korea and the United Kingdom.... [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Culture]
738 words (2.1 pages)
- ... 20). Additionally, Six Sigma also leads to greater effectiveness of an organization since the planning helps the company better achieve their overall goals. Meticulously evaluating and improving processes allow the company to develop products and related processes that better meet both customer and organizational needs. The direct application of Six Sigma leads to a variety of beneficial results to include, clearer definitions of the company’s goals and results, increased focus on the product and processes, and dedicated resources to meet these goals (Drohomeretski, Gouvea da Costa, Pinheiro de Lima, & Garbuio, 2014, p.808).... [tags: Six Sigma, Lean manufacturing, Manufacturing]
1916 words (5.5 pages)
- ... Both countries strongly believe looking after themselves and their immediate families is more important than any other group. In addition, this means that both countries make their decisions based on their own personal needs and work off their own initiative as well as their need for a private life. Society is driven by competition, achievement and success. In a highly masculine society, people are motivated by wanting to be the best not necessarily liking what they do. According to the scores, Americans are driven by material success, monetary gain and acquisition, supremacy and individual achievements.... [tags: Geert Hofstede, United States]
1513 words (4.3 pages)
- ... Individualism is very prominent in the film and is the biggest conflict the Japanese and Americans have with each other. The Japanese believe that they should not do what is best for themselves rather they do what is best for the company even if it means missing out on important events or working overtime to complete a job. They are not that individualistic in comparison to the US and it shows in the Hofstede score. Japan scored 46 while the United States scored 91. These scores relatively show how accurate the two cultures accept individualism into their societies.... [tags: Cross-cultural communication, Culture, Scores]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- ... Systems thinking can be as complex as it can be simple; thus, it depends upon the goal that is to be accomplished when systems thinking is utilized and shared with others. It takes many various pieces of information to make a whole. The concept of systems thinking is embedded in the understanding that what occurs one time will continually occur; subsequently, it is perceived as a structure that elements “hang together” (Senge et al., 2012). Ethics, Communication and Values Understanding the ethical values of various cultures are important, which will bring about an understanding for cross-cultural communication and values.... [tags: Education, Educational psychology, Learning]
1336 words (3.8 pages)
- When it comes to doing business cross culturally, there are various factors to consider in order make sure everything runs smoothly and as effectively as possible. Understanding cultural differences is the first step to having a successful international business venture. Two pioneers of the field, Geert Hofstede and Richard Gesteland created their own sets of factors/dimensions explaining how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. During both of their comprehensive studies, the United Kingdom was one of the countries whose cultural value were investigated, and will now be examined further.... [tags: International Business, Hofstede, Gesteland]
1105 words (3.2 pages)
- BODY Hofstede’s Value Dimensions （Hofstede） In order to better understand China’s culture in both business and in everyday social life, it helps to look through China’s Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. Hofstede’s dimensions include; power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, pragmatism, and goal orientation. To start, China has a very large power distance with a score of eighty. Unlike America, people that hold power, such as bosses or those of great wealth, will not interact with those who are considered to be on the lower end of society.... [tags: individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance]
1639 words (4.7 pages)
- English As A Second Language
- Sales Return System Is Important For Kk Plc
- Acute Prevention And Risk Management Strategies
- Education Is Unlimited, Education, Classrooms, And Hearts Of Every Individual
- Poor People Struggles With Poverty
- A Deeper Insight Into Understanding Crime And Gender Affect Homicide Rates At A Macro Level Of White And African