In Choi et al. (1999) article titled Causal attribution across cultures: Variation and universality they suggest that East Asians are less likely than Americans to attribute the cause of behavior due to personal traits, dispositions and or internal attributes of the object. First they examined how individuals described themselves and others as a premise to suggest what predicts causal behavior. For example, they found that Easterners were more likely to explain behavior from a situational point a view giving detail to external factors imposed on the individual, such as situations, roles, and contextual information. Westerns on the other hand are more prone to explain behavior from a dispositional perspective, emphasizing on internal and enduring qualities such as personality and temperament. In their first study they found that in the absence of situational information, both Koreans and Americans endorsed dispositions equally. An example given to...
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Hong, Y., Morris, M. W., Chiu, C., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2000). Multicultural minds: A dynamic constructivist approach to culture and cognition. American Psychologist, 55(7), 709-720. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.7.709
Morris, M. W., & Peng, K. ( 1994). Culture and cause: American and Chinese attributions for social and physical events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 949– 971.13–2820. doi: 10.1002/hbm.20707
Na, J., Choi, I., & Sul, S. (2013). I Like You Because You Think in the 'Right' Way: Culture and Ideal Thinking. Social Cognition, 31(3), 390-404. doi:10.1521/soco.2013.31.3.390
Nisbett, R. E. (2003). The geography of thought: Why we think the way we do. New York: Free Press.
Nisbett RE, Peng K, Choi I, Norenzayan A (2001) Culture and system of thought: holistic versus analytic cognition. Psychol Rev 108:291–310
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