Critique Of Socrates 's ' Crito ' Essay

Critique Of Socrates 's ' Crito ' Essay

Length: 1230 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

010592933

Though Socrates has been unjustly incarcerated, he refuses to escape due to his implied agreement with the Athenian legal system. This paper serves to argue that Socrates’ line of reasoning to Crito does not properly address actions committed under an unjust legal system.
In Plato’s Crito, the title character arrives to help Socrates break out of incarceration, but Socrates refuses. Crito made his most compelling argument by stating “I think you are betraying your sons by going away and leaving them, when you could bring them up and educate them” (45b-c). Crito later amended his argument by adding, “You seem to me to choose the easiest path, whereas one should choose the path a good and courageous man would choose, particularly when one claims throughout one’s life to care for virtue” (45d). From Crito’s claim of courage’s virtuosity, Socrates launches into his quasi-Social Contract theory where the actions of citizens and ordinances of the city benefit each other synergistically (54e), and it is more virtuous to follow the laws of one’s city then to break said laws (51b). This paper highlights a few fallacies that surround Socrates’ ideas about acting against unjust government.
A recurring theme in Crito is the definition of justice. Near the beginning of the dialogue, Crito states that Socrates needs to exit because “People who do not know you or me very well will think that I could have saved you if I were willing to spend money, but I did not care to do so” (44c). It is through that quote that the invalidity of public opinion is first addressed. Crito believes Socrates should escape, because the public opinion of Crito if he leaves without Socrates will be that Crito is cheap. Socrates approaches this point of ar...


... middle of paper ...


...e has extensive legal knowledge of his place of residence. For a legal code to be truly just, the citizens must be aware of all possible infractions and physically indicate their subscription to them. If a citizen were unknowingly to commit a crime, how could he be justly held accountable? Socrates should not be held accountable for his crime unless he consciously agreed to the laws and understood his action was illegal before it was undertaken.
Socrates’ acceptance of death can lend itself to multiple interpretations. At the beginning of the dialogue, Crito is surprised to find Socrates peacefully asleep with his death sentence approaching, but Socrates quoted to Crito that “It would not be fitting at my age to resent the fact I must die now” (43b). One must keep in mind that perhaps Socrates was simply ready to die, and that was his reason to not escape.









Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Socrates Argument In The Crito

- Crito is trying to persuade Socrates to escape not only because Crito feels he will lose a beloved friend, but also because he feels the majority will judge him for valuing himself over Socrates. In the passage, Socrates states many arguments to try and explain to Crito that the opinions of the majority do not and should not matter. The most compelling argument Socrates gives for this claim is when he states, “I am the kind of man who listens only to the argument that on reflection seems best to me” (Socrates, The Crito pg.4)....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Critical thinking, Crito]

Better Essays
912 words (2.6 pages)

Plato’s Crito: The Last Days of Socrates Essay

- As Socrates awaits his upcoming execution; he is visited before dawn by a close old friend Crito. Crito has made arrangements to help Socrates escape from prison. Socrates is grateful to his old friend for his willing to help aide him in the escape. However, Socrates is quite willing to await his execution. Crito tries to change Socrates mind about escaping by presenting him with several arguments. The first is that if Socrates choices to stay, his death will reflect poorly on Crito. The people will think that Crito did nothing to save his friend....   [tags: Crito, Socrates Execution]

Better Essays
1130 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about Recounting the Last Days of Socrates in Crito

- Recounting the Last Days of Socrates in Crito In the Last Days of Socrates the dialogue “Crito” recounts Socrates last days before his execution. Socrates had been accused of corrupting the youth and not worshipping the Gods of the state. During his trial he denied all accusations and attempted to defend himself by proving his innocence using reason . He was judged to be guilty and given a death sentence. His long time friend Crito proposes to Socrates a plan to escape from his death sentence in prison....   [tags: Crito Socrates Greek Philosophy Essays]

Better Essays
1378 words (3.9 pages)

Socrates and Crito: Teaching Morals and Honor Essay

- Socrates was a one of the first philosophers and teachers known to Western philosophy. He lived in Athens Greece from 470 – 399 B.C. and is studied to this day because of his insights and understanding of the way people should live. Towards the end of his life, Socrates was accused of a myriad of crimes including criminal meddling and the corruption of the minds of the young. Eventually, Socrates was found guilty of his crimes and shortly after he was condemned to death. During the time of his incarceration, he was visited by a friend known as Crito to discuss the matter of his death in addition to the proposal of escape from prison....   [tags: crito, philosopher, criminal meddling]

Better Essays
1342 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Plato 's ' The Crito '

- Plato’s work, The Crito, explores one of the last days of Socrates’ life. This work is set in Socrates’ prison cell, where Socrates is visited by his close friend Crito. Crito is overwhelmed with emotion with the impending loss of his friend, and is attempting to passionately convince Socrates to run away and avoid his sentence set upon him by the court. Crito presents many arguments that would be compelling to most men of his time. Socrates lays out the principles that he has chosen to live his life by and challenges Crito to convince him to leave after considering these principles....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Socratic method]

Better Essays
1381 words (3.9 pages)

The Trial And Death Of Socrates Essay

- In the world, many people doesn’t have interest in philosophy or books which are having subject of philosophy, and I was one of that people. However, it is good to know little bit about philosophy and what the main concern is. Socrates, who is one of best philosopher from ancient Greek, and he is one of typical philosopher that we can hear from any border of philosophy. ‘The Trial and Death of Socrates’ is the book that written by Plato, who is one of followers of Socrates, and book is divided into four parts which includes ‘Euthyphro’, ‘Apology’, ‘Crito’ and ‘Phaedo’ which is death scene of Socrates....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Euthyphro, Crito]

Better Essays
1257 words (3.6 pages)

The Consistency Of Three Socrates ' Accounts Essay

- Consistency of three Socrates ' accounts in relationship with the laws Socrates’s disobedience of the order to arrest Leon of Salamis and his claim that he would not obey the court order to terminate his practice of philosophy in the Apology might seem to be inconsistent with his other statement in the Crito where he refused to escape from prison because of his moral commitment to the laws of Athens. This paper, argues that this is not a case of contradiction by illustrating that the first two cases share the same account of moral commitment as the last one....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Trial of Socrates, Crito]

Better Essays
1226 words (3.5 pages)

Essay The Defence Of Socrates ' Trial

- The Defence of Socrates chronicles Socrates’ trial, which the elite members of Athenian society conducted in order to determine whether or not Socrates was guilty of the charges against him. Those charges included: 1) refusing to believe in the gods of the City; 2) corrupting the youth; and 3) introducing gods of his own in place of the Athenian deities. Although Socrates believed, along with his loved ones, Plato, and his students, that he was wrongly accused and was served an injustice by the City of Athens, he is forced to defend himself and his actions at trial....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Trial of Socrates, Crito]

Better Essays
1185 words (3.4 pages)

The Trial And Death Of Socrates Essay

- The Trial and Death of Socrates by Plato talks about Socrates time before his death. Plato talks about everything to Socrates trail and to the moment of his death. In the book Socrates is accused of creating new gods, not recognizing the gods, and corrupting the youth with his ideas and beliefs. Through the four dialogues in which Socrates story is recorded we see him question justice in every aspect of life. Through the four dialogues Socrates talks to Euthyphro who is on his way to pursue his father for murder....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Crito, Euthyphro]

Better Essays
1487 words (4.2 pages)

Socrates And Plato 's Euthyphro Essay

- Socrates was a great Philosopher and thinker who were able to take his knowledge to greater heights from Ancient Athens. Due to Socrates great thinking and open-mindedness he was accused by many but persecuted with two charges, which were brought against him. In Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates challenged Euthyphro for a solid definition of ‘what is piety’. In Apology Plato goes on to state the charges which had been set against Socrates, but while doing so Plato juggles the readers mind whether Socrates was guilty of any of these charges....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Euthyphro, Crito]

Better Essays
730 words (2.1 pages)