Essay about Creative Talents and the Nature-Nurture Controversy

Essay about Creative Talents and the Nature-Nurture Controversy

Length: 2464 words (7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Throughout the early 1900s, the nature-nurture debate (also referred to as heredity-environment and maturation-learning) was the center of lively controversy. With emerging psychologists such as Edward Thorndike, John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov and many others, the behaviorist theory surfaced into the realm of psychology and with it, the idea that all human behavior is learned. In terms of the nature and nurture of heightened human capabilities, this idea contradicted the accepted belief that talent was inherited, a belief established by Sir Francis Galton in 1896 with his work, Hereditary Genius. Although psychologists agreed both were necessary to an extent, the debate centered itself around which one had more impact and how much was needed to be evident in gifted individuals. That is until it took a new form in 1958 in Anne Anastasi’s presidential address to the American Psychological Association, “Heredity, Environment, and the Question ‘How?’”, in which the focus shifted from “which” to the manner of interaction between the two and how they interacted to produce examples of high ability or talent. Anastasi is best known for her work in the development of psychometrics, the technique and theory of psychological measurement. The basis of the nature-nurture debate on talent has become: How much of any characteristic, behavior, or emotion is the result of genes and how much is the result of specific experiences? On one extreme, psychologists of the biological perspective are predisposed to believe that most traits are inborn, that some individuals are innately musically inclined while others are not. On the other side, behaviorists stress nurture, either crediting or blaming non-hereditary factors, such as experience, practic...

... middle of paper ...

...del." Psychological Review. 106.3 (1999): 435-457. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
Winner, Ellen. "The Origins and Ends of Giftedness."American Psychologist. 55.1 (2000): 159-169. Web. 24 Feb. 2014.

Works Consulted

Amabile, Teresa M. "The social psychology of creativity: A componential conceptualization." Journal of personality and social psychology. 45.2 (1983): 357-376. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

Berger, Kathleen Strassen. Invitation to the Life Span. 2nd ed. Worth Publishers, Incorporated, 2013. 194-199, 304. eBook.

Evans, Robert J., Robert Bickel, and Edwina D. Pendarvis. "Musical Talent: Innate or Acquired? Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers." Gifted Child Quarterly. 44.2 (2000): 80-90. Web. 02 Mar. 2014.

Hollingworth, Letta Stetter. Special talents and defects : their significance for education. 1st ed. London: MacMillan and Co., 1926. 202-221. Web.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Children 's Influence On Children Essay example

- People assume that children lack the ability to comprehend things but that isn’t quite the truth. Though a child doesn’t view things from an adult’s perspective doesn’t mean that their thoughts or feelings aren’t valid. Children are very intelligent, that is why it’s important that receive guidance and direction from their parents. If not they can be easily misled. When dealing with children it’s important for parents to be patient, flexible and understanding. Every child is different, what works with one child may not work with another....   [tags: Psychology, Behavior, The Child, Controversy]

Research Papers
1239 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Nature Vs. Nurture : Is It Nature Or Nurture?

- Developmental psychology seeks to understand why and how all people change over time (Berger, 4). We start off as similar babies, yet we grow to be so distinct from each other. The purpose of this research paper is to discuss some of the big questions that we have today in the field of developmental psychology; the nature-nurture controversy, how we grow into such distinct adults, and whether or not the experiences we go through can change us. Is it nature or nurture. The nature vs. nurture debate seeks to understand how our personalities and traits are produced by our genetic makeup and how our environment, including our parents, peers, and social interactions, shapes them....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]

Research Papers
1926 words (5.5 pages)

Nature Vs. Nature Nurture Essay

- In today’s society people tend to be followers. People wear things or do things that they see others do, not knowing that everyone is born their own person. Things that make people unique and different from others is what makes them stand out. That leads me to introduce the topics to this paper. From nature-nurture, Bronfenbenner’s ecological system, and overall our culture is what makes us humans. Going through certain phases and transtions in life helps us to define ourselves over time. After reading this paper, it would give you a better understanding of my life and who I am as a person....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Human nature]

Research Papers
1393 words (4 pages)

Talents Unlimited Model ( Tu ) Essay

- Talents Unlimited Model The Talents Unlimited Model (TU) was founded on the belief that all students, whether gifted identified or not, should receive enrichment services focused on fostering critical thinking skills. With a strong emphasis on teacher training, the Talents Unlimited Model stresses the importance of designing lessons that utilize the six talent areas: productive thinking. decision making, planning, forecasting, communication, and academic (Schlichter, 2009, p. 436). Criterion 1: Respect for individuals with diverse abilities, strengths, and goals (FULLY MET) The Talents Unlimited Model was created under the philosophy that all students, both those identified as gifted and tho...   [tags: Problem solving, Critical thinking]

Research Papers
1013 words (2.9 pages)

Leonardo Da Vinci : A Man Of Many Talents Essay

- ... Music helps me to focus. When I need to get my homework done or get the house cleaned, I turn my music on. Art relates to me because I like to paint. My children and I paint together all the time. It helps to release stress for me. Literature relates to me because I love to read and love researching about different artist of our times and who made an impact in our world such as Leonardo Da Vinci. “Leonardo The Absolute Man” was a dream of Peter Morticelli, the head of label Magna Carta Records....   [tags: Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, Florence, Italy]

Research Papers
803 words (2.3 pages)

The Parable Of The Talents By Octavia Butler Essay

- Among modern social issues, religion is one of the most prevalent. The mixture of religions in America is innumerable, with multiple religions present such as Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, etc. Currently, Christianity is the most popular, holy figures such as the saints, Jesus Christ, and their God. This religion was one of the traditional American religions and in the modern day have over one billion supporters, a significant portion coming from America. However, while Christianity may be the dominant religion there are still many other religions in modern day society....   [tags: Islam, Religion, Christianity, Faith]

Research Papers
1075 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on A Note On A Creative Wall

- ... I must write!” and set down that most arduous path of learning to write, and write well. One of the first conclusions that can be drawn after reading weak writing is that the writer does not read as much as he or she needs to. It goes without saying that reading of some kind should be a part of your daily routine. Of course university lectures and courses on writing can help you focus on the craft and use of language, but reading is the number one teacher when it comes to writing. Consider your favorite authors to be your instructors....   [tags: Writing, Writer, Creative writing, Dyslexia]

Research Papers
899 words (2.6 pages)

The Parable of the Talents Essay

- The Parable of the Talents Jesus, according to the Bible1, tells his followers a parable about a man who, before embarking on a long journey, called together his three servants and entrusted them with the greater part of his wealth. To the first servant, he gave five talents2 of gold, to the second, two talents, and to the third, one talent. Upon his return several years later, he called upon his servants to deliver up the wealth which he had left to them. The first servant reported that he had made productive use ofthe five talents entrusted to him and thereupon returned ten talents to his master, who was so delighted with this good and faithful servant, he rewarded him....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
3752 words (10.7 pages)

Essay about The Vaccination Controversy

- ANA CEO and nurse Myrtle Aydelotte once said, “Nursing encompasses an art, a humanistic orientation, a feeling for the value of the individual, and an intuitive sense of ethics, and of the appropriateness of action taken”.1 In preparing to develop my own nursing practice, I find this statement to be invaluable. It is this philosophy which has guided my educational and experiential journey from scientific evidence and statistics alone, to include patient relationship and ethical understanding. My first exposure to the “Vaccine Controversy” occurred in my biology undergraduate....   [tags: nursing, vaccine controversy, informed consent]

Research Papers
2233 words (6.4 pages)

Creative Investigation Essay

- Creative Investigation Creativity is fundamental aspect of every designer, to see thing in a new and unusual way, finding unique solution for problems. It is also a gift of human being, which machine or computer cannot reproduced. However, the term 'creativity' has not been clearly defined yet. This essay discusses about the creative method, techniques and idea generation of a designer, Jonathan Ive, who is the principle designer of the iMac, iPod, and iPhone. Jonathan Ive was born in February 1967 in Chingford of England....   [tags: Creativity Creative Thinking Imagination]

Free Essays
1152 words (3.3 pages)