(2010). ADHD and academic performance: why does ADHD impact on academic performance and what can be done to support ADHD children in the classroom?. Child: Care, Health & Development, 36(4), 455-464. doi:10.1111/j.1365- 2214.2009.01046.x 5300.2009.01279.x McConaughy, S. H., Volpe, R. J., Antshel, K. M., Gordon, M., & Eiraldi, R. B. (2011). Academic and Social Impairments of Elementary School Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Individuals that exhibit inattention may be easily distracted that causes them to miss details, forget things, and often swap from one thing to another. They may have problems focusing on one thing or become bored with an activity after only a few minutes unless they are doing something they really enjoy. ADHD learners may have difficulty focusing, organizing, and finishing a task or learning something. Because of these it makes it difficult for the learner to complete homework or assignments, or even remember to bring a pencil o... ... middle of paper ... ...ournal of Special Eduation, 19-25. Kypriotaki, M., & Manolitsis, G. (2010).
Often symptoms of hyperactivity may also be apparent in preschoolers. Often those suffering from the disorder fail to pay close attention to details leading to careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other tasking activities. They also often have difficulty maintaining attention on one topic as their minds begin to wander. Moreover, they avoid and dislike or at the least are reluctant to engage in any mentally tasking project such as schoolwork or homework. Instructions given to them are also often ignored whether intentionally or not; they are also forgetful in daily activities and often lose things necessary for certain tasks.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder also known as ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders that continue through adulthood. Although ADHD is not considered a learning disability, children diagnosed with ADHD can be impacted tremendously in areas such as sitting still, staying focused, being organized, and completing homework each of these things affect the learning of children with ADHD. Children who are diagnosed with ADHD have trouble focusing, controlling their behaviour and usually act without thinking. ADHD occurs in about 3 to 7 percent of the population and is more common in boys than girls (Kingsley, 2012). ADHD during middle childhood affects children’s behaviors at home and school.
Upper Saddle River NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall The disorder named ad/hd- chadd fact sheet #1 (nd). Retrieved March 27, 2006 from http://www.chadd.org/fs/fs1.htm Youd, D. (2004) Managing high level conflicts and conduct disorders in a school setting. Retrieved March 27, 2006 from http://www.molecreek.tased.edu.au/managingconductdisorders.htm U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Office of Special Education Programs, Identifying and treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a resource for school and home (2003). Washington, D.C., 20202.Retrieved March 27, 2006 from http://www.ed.gov/teachers/needs/speced/adhd/adhd-resource-pt1.doc
Even though homework helps by having teens do things on there own, getting work done, and helps them learn on their own, homework puts a lot of stress on teens and doesn’t improve learning. Homework gives kids unnecessary stress and makes them tired, which leads to lack of sleep. Teenagers who did not get enough sleep are more likely to develop insulin resistance , which is similar to type 2 diabetes. Things like anxiety,depression, and irritability are all associated with lack of sleep. When a student uses sleep time to study more than usual, he or she will have more trouble understanding what is being taught in class and more likely to struggle on an assignment or a test the next day.
Many children with ADHD also experience secondary problems, which can include academic problems and problems with their peers (University of Illinois, n.d.). Children who have symptoms of inattention may be easily distracted, have difficulties focusing, become bored easily, have no organizational skills, or just can't seem to complete or turn in their homework. Children who have symptoms of hyperactivity may have trouble sitting still and being quite, or they may seem like they are constantly "on the go." C... ... middle of paper ... ...rders/childhood-adhd/ Butcher, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2010).
In a study comparing ADHD children with those unaffected, those with the disorder performed significantly worse than the others. Learning disabilities can be said to arise from attentional difficulties in the classroom setting. Many of these difficulties occur in tasks where listening and time is a factor. Reading disabilities have also been found as a result of ADHD. The attention span of someone with ADHD is usually shot in a controlled setting they can hardly function, without distractions wich makes them sociably unacceptable.
Diagnosing ADHD is very difficult, because most children are inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive at least some of the time. When diagnosing there is no blood test, or written test to determine if ADHD is present. All there is are guidelines and an educated guess. The guidelines include, “ A disturbance of at least six months during which at least eight of the following are present: 1. often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat 2. has difficulty remaining seated when required to do so 3. is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli 4. has difficulty awaiting turn in games or group situations 5. often blurts out answers to questions before they have been completed 6. has difficulty following through on instructions from others 7. has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities 8. often shifts from one uncompleted activity to another 9. has difficulty playing quietly 10. often talks excessively 11. often does not seem to listen to what is being said to him or her 13. often loses things necessary for tasks or activities at school or at home ( e.g.. pencils ) 14. often engages in physically dangerous activities without considering possible consequences ( not for thrill seeking purposes ) e.g.. runs into the street without looking The above items are listed in descending order of discriminating power based on data from national field trial of the DSM-III-R criteria for Disruptive Behavior Disorders,” contributed Sam & Michael Goldstein to Managing Attention Disorders in Children page11. In order to diagnose ADHD, these symptoms must occur more frequent than children of the same age and must occur in more than one sitting.
And it can cause the person to always be full of an abnormal amount of energy (Kids Health). There are many symptoms to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Internal Mental Health). People who suffer with ADHD may fail to give close attention to details or make carless mistakes in schoolwork or in other daily activities. They may have a difficult time staying attentive in certain tasks. They don’t listen when being directly spoken to; they don’t follow through with instructions and fail to complete chores, schoolwork, and other tasks.