Review of Literature
Polarization is explained as public opinions going to two extremes, leaving no real moderates. The shift to the left and the right can be explained by the social changes and recent government actions that have caused disagreement about what the government should be accomplishing (“Hopkins 72”). Polarization has made the fundamental differences in how liberals and conservatives believe they should handle different issues more obvious to the general public. Two of the most controversial issues today are abortion and gay marriage, these two issues alone can be seen as creating polarization. The reason people use these two issues to point out the problem with polarization is because consistent liberals agree with each other on both issues and consistent conservatives agree ...
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Political polarization is likely to be dependent on voter turnout since voting is how elected officials are determined, but the main point is to determine if there is actually a relationship between the two and if that relationship is a significant one. Polarization will be calculated by averaging the numerical difference between the Democrat polarization index and the Republican polarization index for a given year, creating the overall polarization index. This data will be collected from Chapter 8 of a report done by Brookings and the American Enterprise Institute called “Vital Statistics on Congress.”
Voter turnout is defined as the percent of voting age American’s who vote during an election. This data will be collected from the United States Elections Project which has voter turnout for general elections and primary elections from 2000 to present.
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- We live in a world in which political trends can be very powerful, and yet feel far removed from our own spheres of existence. Policies get passed, politicians move into and out of office, and not much seems to really change. However, within the realm of human services, politics are especially salient and have the ability to impact not only our nation at large, but millions of individual lives as well. In the United States, the political party scene can be simplified into two main camps: the liberals (typically Democrats) and the conservatives (typically Republicans).... [tags: Liberals, Legislation, Political Trends, Policies]
1588 words (4.5 pages)
- The United States of America has engaged in the battle known as political polarization since before its foundation in 1776. From the uprising against the powerful British nation to the political issues of today, Americans continue to debate about proper ideology and attempt to choose a side that closely aligns with their personal beliefs. From decade to decade, Americans struggle to determine a proper course of action regarding the country as a whole and will often become divided on important issues.... [tags: Government, Congress]
1401 words (4 pages)
- There is much debate in the United States whether or not there is polarization between our two dominate political parties. Presidential election results have shown that there is a division between the states; a battle between the Democratic blue states and the Republican red states. And what is striking is that the “colors” of these states do not change. Red stays red, and blue stays blue. Chapter 11 of Fault Lines gives differing views of polarization. James Wilson, a political science professor at Pepperdine University in California, suggests that polarization is indeed relevant in modern society and that it will eventually cause the downfall of America.... [tags: polarization between dominant political parties]
1497 words (4.3 pages)
- The polarization of the British political system can be traced back to the movement of Thatcherism. Thatcherism can be seen as the conviction politics, economic, social policy, and is the political movement that can even resemble Reaganomics. Just like Reaganomics, Thatcherism is considered a conservative movement that emphasizes heavily on the free markets, restraining government spending, privatization, deregulation, and tax cuts. These are the policies that Margaret Thatcher focused on; this political movement took place between 1979 and 1990 while she was the Prime Minister of the British Government.... [tags: politics, economic, social policy]
1036 words (3 pages)
- How many times have you found yourself complaining about the government. It isn’t hard to, as the government never generates decisions that everyone agrees with, but what have you done about it. Well, if the answer is nothing, you aren’t alone. Only about 37% of eligible American citizens voted in the important 2014 election (McDonald). Fixing the issue of low voter turnout won’t be a one-step process, but it has the potential to transform American politics forever. American citizens should be required to vote in all general elections to greatly increase voter turnout in order to increase the influence of democracy and improve American politics.... [tags: Elections, Election, Voter turnout, Voting]
2569 words (7.3 pages)
- Extreme Political Polarization The political climate today is increasingly becoming more turbulent as Republicans and Democrats volley for superiority in Washington. The two parties are becoming more polarized by the hour, and this is affecting the ability of the government to move forward and pass legislation and continue to improve America. The Senate is in a state of gridlock on some of the most important issues to the people of the United States to date, and yet the senators which the people elected are instead caught up in fighting the people on the other side of the aisle.... [tags: Politics]
1033 words (3 pages)
- During political elections, there is never 100% participation from the public. In fact races such as gubernatorial races there isn 't much turnout. For instance in 1978 the range for voter turnout for gubernatorial races extended from 16% in Georgia to 56% in Minnesota. (Patterson and Caldeira 678) Even hotly contested presidential elections, such as the election in 2000, only produced 69% voter turnout. (Arceneaux and Nickerson 8) This makes “Get out the Vote” campaigns useful for politicians to entice the public to come out and vote and hopefully vote for their own benefit.... [tags: Election, Voter turnout, Elections, Voting]
2262 words (6.5 pages)
- Voter turnout has been declining in the United States throughout history through the potential voters’ personal choice not to vote and ineligibility. According to research a large percentage of individuals are not voting because political parties fail to appeal to the voters and this leads to the voting population losing interest in the campaign, while others postpone registering and by the time they realize their delay the election is upon them. This downward trend of voter turnout can be traced to the reforms of the Progressive era.... [tags: American Government, Political Parties, Voters]
2036 words (5.8 pages)
- On Tuesday, November 14, 1995, in what has been perceived as the years biggest non-event, the federal government shut down all "non-essential" services due to what was, for all intents and purposes, a game of national "chicken" between the House Speaker and the President. And, at an estimated cost of 200 million dollars a day, this dubious battle of dueling egos did not come cheap (Bradsher, 1995, p.16). Why do politicians find it almost congenitally impossible to cooperate.... [tags: essays research papers]
2337 words (6.7 pages)
- Polarization Polarization is a tendency to reason only in terms of extremes or opposites. The most common type of polarization is group polarization. Group polarization in general refers to the notion that judgments made by a group tend to be more extreme than judgments made by individual members. The concept of group polarization developed from a notion of the “risky shift.” It was originally thought that after group discussion, individuals would make riskier decisions than before. However, researchers then realized tendency could also be to the other extreme; that decisions could shift to a more cautious judgment.... [tags: essays research papers]
630 words (1.8 pages)