1. Differences in brain activation between pianists and non-pianists when listening to music
When we listen to music, several brain regions are triggered, as our brain goes through various functions, such as processing the music. Both for musicians and non-musicians the cerebral activation refers to the bilateral superior temporal gyri (STG), the frontal and parietal lobes (Bangert et al., 2006), as well as the cortical motor areas (Meister et al., 2004). These areas are involved in motor preparation and imagery, while they take part in the perception of music (Bangert et al., 2006). Also, areas connected to emotion and reward are active during mu...
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...w to play the piano.
Just reading music scores for non- pianists stimulates the superior and inferior parietal lobule, which was not strongly activated in pianists, due to the many years of practice (Bengtsson & Ullén, 2006; Lotze, Scheler, Tan, Braun, & Birbaumer, 2003), the planum temporale and the bilateral dorsal premotor cortex, as it links to organizing the execution of movement (Parsons et al., 2005). Also, activation was observed in the cerebellum and the somatosensory and premotor areas (Engel et al., 2012). However, when compared to well-trained individuals, the activation here was weaker, as the participants were not well trained pianists and therefore reading the music scores was not as stimulating as for musicians. In addition, there was some activation in the right middle temporal cortex, which was not observed in musicians (Hasegawa et al., 2004).
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