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Although it shares cognitive neuroscience’s roots, cognitive neuropsychology has developed into a discrete discipline. While cognitive neuroscience studies neural organisation of the brain, cognitive neuropsychology concerns itself with the brain’s functional architecture; Coltheart (2010) describes this as a distinction between brain and mind. According to, among others, Coltheart (2002, cited Coltheart, 2010) this makes cognitive neuropsychology a branch of cognitive psychology rather than neuroscience. Patient case studies have played a critical role in developing cognitive neuropsychology into a separate discipline, although data from case studies can support and even progress cognitive neuroscientific findings about neural architecture. Cognitive neuroscientific research has identified dorsal and ventral visual pathways (e.g.
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Cognitive psychology is a very complex study of the mind, brain and the structures that make up the mental processes in individuals. A common question that psychologists attempt to answer in depth is the question that asks how individuals account for the basic events that have occurred and the fundamental capacities humans have. With that said, the fundamental assumption of cognitivism is that psychology needs to appeal to internal cognitive processes to understand intelligent behavior. However, individuals such as eliminative materialist’s and sociobiologist’s arguments continue to debate reasoning that understanding intelligent behaviors doesn’t need to appeal to these processes. Throughout time, many cognitive scientists have developed arguments supporting the common assumption that psychology needs to appeal to internal cognitive processes to understand intelligent behavior.
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Groome & Grant (2013). Cognitive psychology uses scientific methods to study mental processes. It reacted against behaviourism and focusses on language, memory, attention and perception. This helps understand why academics make efforts trying to establish the disciplines of psychology as a science. According to Anderson (2000), cognitive psychology can stipulate the basis for different areas of social sciences.