According to Don Lowry there are four different personality types in the classroom. These personality types are differentiated by four colors; orange, gold, blue and green or our “true colors”. For a more detailed analysis we also need to look at these “true colors” in conjunction with David Keirsey and Marilyn Bates’ (1984) book Please Understand Me: Character and Temperament Types. Keirsey and Bates, instead of using colors to differentiate their personality types use the Ancient Greek gods; however, we can see a clear correlation between god and color. Keirsey and Bates’ four temperaments are Dionysian (orange), Epimethean (gold), Promethean (green), and Apollonian (blue). We can see the temperaments of these gods reflected in their human counterparts.
The Dionysian/Orange is impulsive, freedom loving and freedom seeking, a natural competitor, and a charismatic individual (Lowry, 2004). Keirsey and Bates (1984) state that:
At the bottom, the Dionysian…must be free; he will not be tied or bound or confined or obligated. To do as he wishes when he wishes, that’s the ideal. To wait, to save, to store, to prepare, to live for tomorrow – that is n...
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...sonnel. “Like all of us, these students need to believe in themselves and to feel successful in their daily lives” (Albert, 2003).
By seeing how personality types are connected with the four misbehavior goals we can fully employ cooperative discipline and help our students reach their full potential. Through varied instruction and mutual respect we can build a better classroom environment where we teach all of our students not just the majority of them.
Albert, L. (2003). Cooperative discipline. Circle Pines, MN: AGS Publishing.
Albert, L., Kyle, P., & Gilbert, J. (Ed.). (2010). Cooperative discipline graduate course
workbook. Randolph, NJ: Regional Training Center.
Keirsey, D, & Bates, M. (1984). Please Understand me: temperament types. Del Mar, CA:
Gnosology Books Ltd.
Lowry, D. (2004). Keys to personal success. True Colors International.
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