Community needs assessment is of interest to us as it allows an insight to the needs and decision making process (Loue, Lloyd, O 'Shea,2002: p. 18) of the community needs through the use of community needs assessment. The report delves into the ideas of what a needs assessment is focusing on Bradshaw’s taxonomy and the gap between current result and desired results (Beckers,1997: p. 4). The report also address the importance of needs assessment in the profession of social sciences and how stakeholders and global and local principles are crucial factors that contribute to needs assessments and the importance of them in social sciences. The last thing the report address is how needs assessment applies to my chosen profession of a police office and how Community Safety Precinct Committees (CSPCs) assist police in addressing the needs of the community.
2.1 What is needs assessment?
Altschuld and Kumar (2010: p. 20-21) describes needs assessment as the process of identifying, prioritizing, making based decisions, allocating resources and implementing actions of needs to resolve problems. Later Altschuld builds on this idea with Watkins and simplifies a need assessment to a too used to measure the gap between two conditions of what currently is and what should be (Altschuld and Watkins, 2014: p. 6).
2.2 Bradshaw taxonomy (need to fix up)
To understand what a needs assessment is we first need to take a look at what a need is and what consist of a need. Beckers (1997: p. 4) describes Jonathan Bradshaw’s 1972 typology needs model which categorizes needs into 4 categories consisting of normative needs, felt needs, expressed needs and comparative needs .Normative needs are those that are determined by experts based on t...
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...s and talk about strategies designed to address local crime (NSW Police, 2015). Programs like these are important for the police as it shows them where improvements in the community are needed and what area need policing. It also allows for the community to have a say with the stakeholders on what needs are needed within the community.
There are many components that go into and make up a needs assessment. The first thing that is needed when constructing a needs assessment is understanding what a need is and the communities needs and analyse the gap between the current and desired needs (Watkins et al, 2012: p.19). Other components that are important in a needs assessment are stakeholders as they assess the needs and invent programs for the community needs and also taking into consideration global and local principles when conducting needs assessment.
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