Essay about Cholera Symptoms, Causes, Vaccine, Treatment and History

Essay about Cholera Symptoms, Causes, Vaccine, Treatment and History

Length: 1683 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Produced by the bacteria, vibrio cholerae that creates a toxin that affects the absorption of water in the small intestine, Cholera is an infectious disease. The majority of the bacteria is wiped out by gastric acid when ingested, while the surviving bacteria settle in the small intestine and begin making the toxin that produces the symptoms of Cholera. The toxin created by the bacteria, Vibrio Cholerae, is a exotoxin. Vibrio Cholerae is a member of the Vibrionaceae family of curved gram-negative rods. They are found in coastal waters and estuaries, and tend to grow best in the company of salt. However, they can develope in lower salinity when it is warmer and contains sufficient organic materials. (Harris, LaRocque, Qadri, Ryan, Calderwood/ 2012)
Origin
Cholera was primitively native to the Indian subcontinent primarily around the Ganges river. The trade routes spread the disease to Russia, and then to Western Europe. During the Irish immigration period it was spread to North America. Cholera is no longer considered a critical health threat in North America and Europe due to filtering and chlorination of water supplies.However, it still affects developing countries and especially the children inhabiting them. (Balakrishnan/ 2008)
History
Filippo Pacini
It was believed that cholera was caused by an exorbitant production of bile by the patient before the study of bacteria gained importance and before microorganisms were linked to infectious diseases. In the 1800s this explanation was no longer adequate,and scientists started to look for new answers. In the 19th century, around the time a cholera pandemic was devastating Asia, the disease arrived in Italy. Pacini started performing autopsies on the bodies of victims intransigent...


... middle of paper ...


...013, from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/travel/diseases/cholera.htm

Normandin, B. (2012, June 4). Cholera.Healthlines RSS News. Retrieved December 10, 2013, from http://www.healthline.com/health/cholera

Harris, J., LaRocque, R., Ryan, E., Qadri, F., & Calderwood, S. (2012, June 30). Cholera. Pubmed. Retrieved December 13, 2013, from
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3761070/

Balakrishnan, A. (2008, December 4). Cholera Q&A. theguardian.com. Retrieved December 11, 2013, from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/dec/04/cholera-zimbabwe

Arnold, P. (2009, September 27). History of Cholera - Who Discovered Cholera?.Bright Hub. Retrieved December 14, 2013, from http://www.brighthub.com/science/genetics/articles/50412.aspx

Handa, S. (2013, November 11). Cholera . Cholera. Retrieved December 17, 2013, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/962643-overview


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Influenza Vaccine And The Flu Virus Essay

- The vaccine that was chosen for this report is the influenza vaccine. Influenza, also called the flu, is an acute viral infection of the upper or lower respiratory tract. (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica) This specific topic was chosen due to the fact that the influenza virus, or the flu virus, is such a well known and common illness. The flu affects people all across the world on a daily basis because it is very hard to fight. The illness has many different forms which causes problems for doctors and people every year....   [tags: Influenza, Influenza vaccine, Influenza pandemic]

Powerful Essays
1654 words (4.7 pages)

Symptoms And Symptoms Of The Flu Virus Essay

- Every college campus throughout the country seems to have a common issue every fall and winter season: flu season. Due to the living conditions of a college student, the flu virus is one of the most common and accessible viruses to obtain and continues to be an issue for college students each fall and winter season. Every year, there seems to be a large amount of confusion among students between the difference of a “cold” virus and a flu virus. An online article on PubMed Health states, “Colds are much more common than the flu....   [tags: Influenza, Common cold, Influenza vaccine]

Powerful Essays
1130 words (3.2 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of The Disease Varicella Essay

- The disease Varicella is a very transmittable disease, as the varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes it. Varicella attacks the human’s nervous system and debilitates it. Like many viruses, VZV, enters the body through airborne viral particles from another infected person. “The new host breathes in the virus, which enters the mucous membrane in a person’s respiratory tract and begins to spread without its envelope from cell to cell” (Dougherty, 2002). Every virus has a specific cell it adheres to and attacks in order to invade the human system, VZV, attacks T cells....   [tags: Chickenpox, Herpes zoster, Immune system]

Powerful Essays
1058 words (3 pages)

Essay Symptoms And Treatment Of Group Beta Strep

- Slide 1: What is GBS. Group beta strep is a common bacteria carried in your intestines, vagina, rectum, bladder or throat. GBS is usually harmless in adults. Most adults simply carry the bacterium and have no signs or symptoms. However, in newborns it can cause a serious illness known as group Beta strep disease. Slide 2: Facts If you 're a healthy adult, there 's nothing you need to do about group beta strep. GBS is considered normal vaginal flora in a women who is not pregnant, and therefore no treatment is needed....   [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Infant, Streptococcus]

Powerful Essays
1185 words (3.4 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Essay

- There are many types of STDs and having one can make you more likely to get HIV. Some are more common in women such as Bacterial vaginosis and some can also cause infertility problems such as Human Papillomavirus Infection, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Chlamydia, and Gonorrhea. Some you may never know you have had are Chlamydia, and Genital herpes (in women).While some may be cured, examples of those are Bacterial Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and Trichomoniasis, usually with one or more treatments with an antibiotic....   [tags: AIDS, Sexual intercourse, Human papillomavirus]

Powerful Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

Symptoms And Symptoms Of Measles Essay

- Measles Signs & Symptoms cough fever red eyes light sensitivity muscle aches runny nose sore throat white spots inside the mouth widespread skin rash- red, itchy bumps (Measles, n.d.) Testing Your physician can confirm measles by examining your skin rash and checking for symptoms that are characteristic of the disease, such as white spots in the mouth, fever, cough, and sore throat. If the provider can not confirm a diagnosis based on physical observation, he or she will order a blood test to check for the measles virus. Treatment There is no prescription medication to treat measles....   [tags: Measles, Infectious disease, Infection, Virus]

Powerful Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

History and Causes of Smallpox Essay

- Introduction Smallpox is a viral disease that causes pus-filled boils on the dermis. It looks similar to chickenpox, but has certain characteristic differences. Unlike chickenpox, smallpox is lethal in 30% of the cases and leaves the victim with disfiguring scars and/or blindness. Smallpox has now been eradicated through aggressive vaccination. The last case was reported in Somalia in the late 1970’s. After 2 years of worldwide surveillance, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that the disease had been eradicated....   [tags: chickenpox, variola virus, smallpox vaccine]

Powerful Essays
865 words (2.5 pages)

Immunization Is The Only And The Best Method Of Treatment Essay

- Immunization is a very successful and secure method of treatment used to put a stop to a critical illness that occurs from virus and other infection and other harmful things. Vaccinations have forever been the strong arm of preventive medicine. Immunization is the only and the best method of shield for children against these illnesses due to the fact that a child’s immune system is powerless because they may not have totally grown yet, and once the child gets infected there could be a very low chance of cure or there could be no medication or cure at all....   [tags: Vaccination, Vaccine, Immune system]

Powerful Essays
1076 words (3.1 pages)

Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor

- Role of Smallpox Vaccine in the Prevention and Treatment of Variola major and Variola minor Smallpox has claimed the lives of many ever since the Middle Ages. However, it has now been eradicated due in part to a very effective vaccine. The vaccine has saved the lives of thousands and has eradicated the disease in the history of man kind. This miracle vaccine can greatly diminish the effects variola and even stop the disease from becoming fatal. The vaccine is also the only known way to fight the smallpox, and until an antiviral agent is found, it will be humanity’s only defense against this deadly and devastating disease....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical]

Powerful Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)

Theories of Autism Causes Essay

- “Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how someone communicates with, and relates to other people. Autism also affects how a person makes sense of the world around them ”(autism.org). People wonder the causes of this disability, but what they do not know is there has not been an official cause yet determined. Although there hasn’t been an official cause of autism, there are a lot of theories people believe cause autism. One of the main theories is what pills or vitamins women take during their pregnancy....   [tags: vaccines, thimerosal, genetics]

Powerful Essays
1913 words (5.5 pages)