Childhood And Adolescent Cancer Statistics Essay

Childhood And Adolescent Cancer Statistics Essay

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As cancer incidence rates rise around the world, a larger percent of patients require research through clinical trials and treatments to find a for cure cancer. The National Cancer Institute, the primary federal agency for cancer research in the United States, defines cancer as “a collection of related diseases…. [in which] some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues” (“What Is Cancer?”). In the United States, cancer is the leading cause of death for children ages 0 to 19. In 2015, researchers predict that doctors will diagnose at least of 15,700 children with cancer, and the number of diagnoses will continue increase by .6 percent in the next year (“Childhood and Adolescent Cancer Statistics”, 6). Approximately 2,000 children die annually from various types of cancer that have no known prevention or cure due to lack of funding and research. Although less than two percent of cancers occur in children, an exponential increase in funding by generous donors is essential to improve the lives of patients through ground-breaking research to discover prevention methods and new treatments to lead to an eventual cure for cancer.
In contrast to adult cancers, only a few cases of pediatric cancers have known preventable causes. Most cancer-stricken children are not old enough to be exposed a significant amount of carcinogens or any other risks factors for cancer; therefore, most preventative methods for adult cancers do not apply. According to the National Cancer Institute, “about 5 percent of all cancers in children are caused by an inherited mutation,” or prenatal cells (“Childhood Cancers”). Scientists are unsure why the prenatal cells mutate or how to prevent the defective mutations, but...

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...cancers such as lung cancer, and a larger amount is necessary to make any significant progress in the research. The National Cancer Institute will raise the funding only if kindhearted political activists support and elect congressmen who support the effort to raise funds for childhood cancer. Furthermore, by donating to various organizations like St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, one can directly help the sick children and support the imperative research needed to discover a cure for cancer. St. Jude’s accepts monthly or one-time donations on their website, and every cent helps. Through both of these methods, children become one step closer to beating cancer. The financial support will bring new discoveries to eventually find a cure. In the meantime, the funding will go towards research for prevention methods and improving cancer treatments for small children.

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