Visiting absent Sunday-school scholars with his aunt, Simmons was deeply affected by the squalid conditions in which some lived. He concluded that the causes of poverty were deeper and more complex than the temperance movement allowed. Aged sixteen, he confirmed his commitment to Primitive Methodism by becoming a lay preacher. His allegiance to evangelical religion and preaching never wavered. Converted to socialism at Birmingham’s Digbeth ‘model’ parliament in 1909, he was greatly influence by the oratory and Christian Socialism of George Lansbury. Rejecting Marxism, he embraced the ‘warm, human, inspiring’ variety of socialism he recognized in the Independent Labour Party (ILP) and the Labour Churches (Simmons, 17). Churchill’s deployment of troops to Birmingham during the 1911 Transport Strike completed Simmons’ alienation from the L...
... middle of paper ...
...im Simmons died aged 82 on 11 August 1975.
George J. Barnsby, Socialism in Birmingham and the Black Country: 1850-1939 (Wolverhampton: Integrated Publishing Services, 1977). David Englander, ‘The National Union of Ex-Servicemen and the Labour Movement, 1918-1920’, History, February 1991, Volume 76, Issue 246, pp. 24-42. Hansard, Parliamentary Debates, 30 November 1954, col 54 and 18 March 1930 col 2050 – 2052. David Howell, ‘Simmons, Charles James ‘Jim’ (1893-1973), Dictionary of Labour Biography, Vol XIII (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 339-352. Michael Hughes, ‘The Development of Methodist Pacifism’, Proceedings of the Wesley Historical Society, Volume 53, October 2002, pp. 203 - 215. Jim Simmons, Soapbox Evangelist (Chichester: Janay Publishing Company, 1972). The Times (London, England), 20 Mar 1930, 8 Feb 1949, 19 Aug 1975.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- King Charles I of England had to overcome many physical difficulties before and after he became king. Their decisions on the throne while many people affected. Religious beliefs is a major focus in time on the throne, refused to compromise in situations of religious and political complexity leads to civil war. Controversy surrounding him during the trial and its implementation. King Charles I led a normal life, but interestingly, affects many people, even in his death. The second son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark, Charles was born in Fife, Scotland on November 19, 1600 (Introduction).... [tags: Charles I of England, James I of England]
1015 words (2.9 pages)
- Charles Darwin No one could have predicted the profound impact of Charles Darwin’s five-year trip aboard the HMS Beagle, and how his discoveries would change the lens through which we view the world. Not even Mr. Darwin himself was yet aware. As he studied the specimens of the creatures he brought back from this expedition, one question after another would propel him forward in developing his theory of evolution. But in the beginning, he could not grasp the implications of what he had discovered, and how it would change our perception of the origin of life on Earth.... [tags: Charles Darwin, Evolution, Charles Lyell]
1496 words (4.3 pages)
- James Joyce was a renowned Irish author and poet, most known for writing the book Ulysses, which parallels the events of The Odyssey in a variety of writing styles. Although Ulysses is considered his magnum opus, his other works including Dubliners, A portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, and Finnegans Wake are held in high esteem by many. Joyce was born in the Irish city of Dublin on the second of February, 1882 and was baptized by the order of his catholic mother and father three days later. By the age of five he had moved to the town of Bray, 12 miles outside of Dublin, there he was attacked by a dog and this sparked his lifelong cynophobia which may be suggested in Ulysses in episode 12... [tags: ulysses, the odyssey, james joyce]
2828 words (8.1 pages)
- The play “A Christmas Carol – A ghost story of Christmas” by Charles Dickson, directed by James Black in Houston, TX was performed in a similar way in “A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickson, directed by Michael Wilson in Washington, D.C. The both plays had similarities and differences throughout the play in which demonstrated different creativity from the different directors. The rating that was given by the reviewer of the play in Washington gave a 5 out of 5 star rating. For the play that I went to watch the rating I would give it would be a 5 star rating.... [tags: Christmas, Charles Dickens, Christmas carol]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- Charles I of England’s reign was detrimental to his country for a number of reasons. Charles’ most damaging trait was his inability to understand how others viewed his actions. His strong tendency to assume that all criticism of his views and policies was an act of disloyalty, which needed to be confronted and crushed. This brought uneasiness among his most loyal Protestant subjects. Another was Charles’ inability to have a relation with his people, which put a rather large dent in his ruling. His views on monarchy were in respects and a continuation of those of his father, James I, but he lacked the older man’s capacity for building a relationship with the public.... [tags: Charles I of England, English Civil War]
1209 words (3.5 pages)
- Charles Dickens’ Hard Times portrays Gradgrind in an intriguing way. He works his way up in life, starting as a hardware trader, later starting a school and eventually becoming a member of Parliament. He is strict in forcing facts and figures on his family and his students because he wants them to succeed; his flaw with this is that his philosophy seemed to work for him, but in reality it doesn’t work for anyone (including him). This connects and contrasts with two characters in the story, Josiah Bounderby, the owner of the local factory, who is successful through lying and poor treatment of others, as well as James Harthouse, who causes damage in people’s lives just out of boredom.... [tags: Hard Times, Charles Dickens, Gradgrind, Suffering]
1834 words (5.2 pages)
- James Charles Stuart James Charles Stuart was born on June 19, 1566 at Edinburg Castle in Scotland. His father, Lord Darnley, was murdered in 1567 before young James was one year old. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots, subsequently ascended to the Scottish throne. Her reign, however, was short lived and she was forced to relinquish in favor of her son on July 24, 1567. Little James was crowned King James VI of Scotland five days later at the tender age of 13 months. James' mother, Mary, was imprisoned in England by her cousin Queen Elizabeth and 19 years later, in February of 1587, was executed for her part in the conspiracy to assassinate Queen Elizabeth.... [tags: Papers]
910 words (2.6 pages)
- Charles Dickens' Hard Times There are a huge variety of characters in Hard Times, ranging from the good to the unnaturally cruel. The novel is full of extremity in its characterisation; cruel, bitter and selfish characters such as Mrs. Sparsit contrast dramatically with characters such as Stephen Blackpool and Rachael, who are benevolent and altruistic. Among the cruellest and most villainous characters in the novel is James Harthouse, who is completely ammoral, and therefore rendered very dangerous by Dickens.... [tags: Charles Dickens Hard Times Essays]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
- Charles Darwin began his scientific breakthroughs and upcoming theories when he began an expedition trip to the Galapagos Islands of South America. While studying there, he discovered that each island had its own type of plant and animal species. Although these plants and animals were similar in appearance, they had other characteristics that made them differ from one another and seem to not appear as similar. Darwin questioned why these plants and animals were on these islands and why they are different in ways.... [tags: Essay on Charles Darwin 2014]
468 words (1.3 pages)
- Charles Dickens Charles John Huffam Dickens was born February 7, 1812, in Ports Mouth, Hampshire. In his infancy his family moved to Chatham, where he spent his happiest years and often refers to this time in his novels (1817-1822). From 1822 to 1860 he lived in London, after which he permanently moved to a quiet country cottage in Glads Hill, on the outskirts of Chatham. He grew up in a middle class family. His father was a clerk in the navy pay office and was well paid, but his extravagant living style often brought the family to financial disaster.... [tags: Biography Charles Dickens Papers]
2088 words (6 pages)