Waste water treatment plants are essential to communities of all sizes and must work efficiently. Waste water treatment plant primary priority and responsibility is the treatment of incoming sewage water by the removal of biological and chemical wastes so it can be treated and recycled for future use. There are many government agencies and standards set forth to govern and observe the successful treatment of sewage such as: the Department of Environmental Quality, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System and the Clean Water Act of 1972. Compliance and constant monitoring of the treatment plant’s operations are important; as they protect the surrounding community. A spill or backflow of sewage due to a complete system malfunction could potentially be detrimental to the environment and local community. A precise system, of which must be compliant according to government standards, is critical to maintain low levels of wastes that are returned to neighboring water systems after treatment.
Phase one in process of waste water treatment begins in the home, local businesses and community. Waste water from these buildings and surrounding areas travel through a pipe, or sewer which is sloped downward, and with the assistance of gravity, travels toward the waste water treatment plant. However, in larger communities or communities with unevenly leveled terrain, waste water cannot keep getting deeper to rely on gravity to transport the waste water and must pumped up by the assistance of a lift station so it may continue to travel to the water treatment plant. Once the waste water arrives at the waste water treatment plant, the first step is the removal of large debris such as diapers, underwear or other non-biological...
... middle of paper ...
...l forms of life, and the continued observance and regulation of water treatment by the government and independent companies to help create safer techniques for waste water treatment.
(1) City of Grand Island. Wastewater Treatment Plant Tour - "Flush To Finish”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=pRaptzcp9G4 (accessed 03/08/2014). Youtube.com (accessed 03/08/2014).
(2) Richardson, S. Water Analysis. Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 1999, 71, 181-215.
(3) Minear, R., Amy, G.. Water Disinfection and Natural Organic Matter: History and Overview. ACS Symposium Series. 1996, 649, 1-9.
(4) Richardson, S. Water Analysis: Emerging Containments and Current Issues. Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 2003, 75, 2831-2857.
(5) Aoki, T., Munemori, M.. Continuous Flow of Free Chlorine in Water. Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 1983, 55, 209-212
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Intense grazing by herbivores can drastically affect the amount of seaweed present. Having secondary metabolites can be used as a defence mechanism. Many different genres of algae were studied, having many different types of chemical compounds found on many different parts of the world. Most studies harvested and purified samples then exposed these samples to different herbivores. The herbivores varied in size from large fish to smaller organisms such as amphipods. Aspects such as survivorship, behaviour and chemical composition were analyzed.... [tags: herbavores, plants, science,]
2413 words (6.9 pages)
- It is hard to imagine that the planet earth could possibly be experiencing an epic crisis of water deficiency. Earth is made up of 75 percent water, why, if water is in so abundant, is it such a precious commodity. Some countries have begun to ration water, while others act as if there is an endless supply. The numbers are very deceiving simply because the water that is in such short supply is fresh water, which is crucial for all aspects of life. "About 97.5% of all water is the saltwater of the oceans and seas.... [tags: biochemistry, environmental issues]
1317 words (3.8 pages)
- With an increasing global demand for metals, mining corporations have to scale up their mining operations in order to meet that demand at the expense of the environment. The enormous demand originates from mining’s essential role in society to produce various products designed to benefit the populace. These products range from small handheld devices that aid in everyday life or large machines that supported the foundation of society. However, mining leads to a variety of byproducts that affect the environment, for better or for worse.... [tags: pollution, ecology]
1185 words (3.4 pages)
- Introduction Millions tons of waste are discharged into tenvironment every day that most of it is dumped in landfills or discharged into rivers and seas without prior treatment. Waste has become a critical problem, especially for densely areas. The amount of waste in Banda Aceh City in 2012 amounted to 160 tons/day . One of waste management can be done by burning process in incineration that produce emitted gases such as SO2, HCl, CO2 and others. Various of processes technology about removal of harmful emissions gas has been made.... [tags: Temperature, Absorption, Sorbents]
1746 words (5 pages)
- I. INTRODUCTION This report aims to discuss and to enrich the reader’s knowledge on the proper desludging and disposal of waste accumulated from septic tanks. The information gathered here is vital as it provides a culture of awareness to everyone on how wastewater is disposed of. Wastewater comes from everywhere; from our residences to our workplaces, even public places. Filipinos as we are, have been known to be hygienic yet we know little of what happens when our used water is flushed to the drain until it’s carried off to treatment plants.... [tags: essays research papers]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- Science that deals with study of materials or any particles that is so small and measured in nanometer scale is called “Nanoscience”. Study about very small particles and its chemical and physical changes at nanoscale is not an easy business. Nanotechnology studies the big picture of those small particles, manipulates them to advance new devices and materials. The name “nanotechnology” was created in year 1974 (). But the concept of manipulating Nano particles has been around for centuries mainly in crafting examples are 4th century Lycurgus cup, 13th-18th centuries Damascus saber blades and etc ().... [tags: particles, morphology, silver]
1537 words (4.4 pages)
- What are the most effective waste treatment options prior to discharge to receiving bodies of water or the local wastewater treatment facility. Paint manufacturers, to include Sherwin-Williams, produce a variety of different paint types and colors, including both organic solvent-borne and water-borne paints. Each type and color of paint is manufactured in a separate batch, and all manufacturing equipment is generally cleaned between batches to prevent contamination (figure 1-1). This equipment cleaning process is the largest source of waste from paint manufacturing and can account for up to 80% of a paint manufacturer’s waste stream (WMRC, 1992).... [tags: waste minimization, wastewater treatment]
1041 words (3 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Ultrafiltration is a water purification process that can be used for the removal of particulates and macromolecules from raw water to produce potable and drinking water. They have been used to either replace existing secondary (coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation) and tertiary filtration (sand filtration and chlorination) systems employed in water treatment plants. When treating water with high suspended solids, UF is often integrated into the process, utilizing primary (screening, flocculation and filtration) and some secondary treatments as pre-treatment stages.... [tags: treatment, chemicals, quality]
676 words (1.9 pages)
- Nuclear Waste Termination Nuclear waste has been a major issue in the past century. Over hundreds of thousands of people have died due to their exposure to these waste products. Treating this waste can be quite expensive, and sometimes companies will avoid the whole process which can affect thousands of people. This process can also lead to controversy between two separate countries. This situation was present in the Trafigura Scandal (2008), when Trafigura, a Norwegian company, dumped their wastes off the coast of Africa which hospitalized over 10,000 people.... [tags: radioactive waste, treatment]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- 2.0 Literature Review People are consume a lot of product and generate waste product much faster than the natural degradation process and replecement of this materials. So far, Malaysians spend much more money on waste management. Local authorities spend up to 60 per cent of their annual budget to manage solid waste generated in the country, which costs Malaysia between RM110 and RM130 to collect and dispose one tonne of garbage. That sums up to RM1.98 million to RM2.34 million per day or RM854 million per year at the current generation of 18,000 tonnes of solid wastes per day (Ali, Eeda et al., 2012).... [tags: recycling, domestic waste, solid waste]
872 words (2.5 pages)