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...een within the Christian Crusades All religion can in some way be interpreted to justify violence when introduced to politics and society itself, but at this time period Zen itself was more prone to this violence. During this time period within Japan Zen’s philosophy tended to avoid ethical retrospection and reflection. Due to the lack of ethical retrospection Zen was prone to be used unethically. This lack of reflection made Zen rather than the other sects of Buddhism more prone abuse by those with power.
Ives, Christopher. "Wartime Nationalism and Peaceful Representation: Issues Surrounding the Multiple Zens of Modern Japan ." Japan Studies Review Five (2001): 37-46. Print.
Victoria, Brian. Zen at War. 2nd ed. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006. Print.
Victoria, Brian. Zen War Stories. London: Routledge Curzon, 2003. Print.
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