Brown V. Board Of Education

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Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1951-1954), which was originally named after Oliver Brown, was a United States Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson decision and ended tolerance of racial segregation. The Plessy v. Fergusion decision upheld the constitutionality of segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine. ***** The Brown v. Board of Education case took on segregation within school systems. Brown v. Board of Education was the name given to five separate court cases that concerned the issue of segregation in public schools. All cases were appealed to the United States Supreme Court, but were not successful. The five cases were Belton v. Gebhart/ Bulah v. Gebhart (Delaware), Bolling v. Sharpe (District of Columbia), Brown v. Board of Education (Kansas), Briggs v. Elliott (South Carolina), and Davis v. County School Board (Virginia). Each of the cases mentioned were brought about because of racial segregation seen in public schools throughout the United States of America. The first of the five cases was Briggs v. Elliot (South Carolina) was named after Harry Briggs, one of the twenty parents who filed a suit against R.W. Elliott, the President of the school board for Clarendon County. This case was brought to court due to African American children not having transportation to school. Since the black children did not have transportation to school it led to them having to walk many miles to get to school. African American parents wanted their children to ride the school bus just as the Caucasian children did, but was denied the privilege to. The reason why the local school officials denied their privileges because they thought the African American community did not pay enough taxes. As a result of th... ... middle of paper ... ... three years. On May 17, 1954 the United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. This decision marked the end of the “separate but equal” precedent set by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson. The Brown v. Board of Education decision laid out a foundation for equal rights. The Brown decision also helped to spark the Civil Rights movement. After the Brown v. Board of Education decision violent protests began in towns and cities throughout the nation. The federal government had to send National Guard Troops to help stop violence in the South and to make sure African American students could enroll in school and college peacefully. By the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement had spread nationwide, which was marked by violence and riots in almost every city. The Brown decision soon became a big social issue.

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