Attachment Theory Essay

Attachment Theory Essay

Length: 1736 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Attachment theory has had some very powerful theorists that have come up with these ideologies. In 1969, John Bowlby was the first theorist to develop the attachment theory. It is a theory developed to explain the emotional ties that children had with their parents or caregivers. It was believed that a child’s attachment style with a caregiver was developed throughout childhood and influenced how an individual interacts with society. It also gave an indication on what their parenting styles might be like, although this was not always a concrete indication. Bowlby’s theory provided the basis on which Mary Ainsworth also worked on and developed. In the 1970’s Ainsworth developed and conducted the “strange situation” experiment, which proved to be very influential to the development of attachment theory. She identified four patterns of attachment referred to as secure attachment, avoidant attachment, ambivalent attachment and the more recently added disorganised attachment (Westen, Burton, & Kowalski, 2006, p. 501) The theory of attachment is very important as this is when children form and develop a secure and trusting bond in the first year of life to develop normal relationships in later life (Bowlby, 1988). In this assignment I am going to create three different scenarios and relate them to the three different attachment styles. These scenarios will demonstrate the varying characteristics displayed from each attachment style and the affects they might have in later life. I will also look at some of the critiques within the attachment theory.

Ainsworth produced these different styles of attachment through the duration of experiments. These experiments were tested in a structured way. The caregiver and child would sit in a room...

... middle of paper ...

...overed that there are some obvious inconsistencies with the theory that have been overlooked by theorists.


Benson, B. Haith, M. (2009). Social and emotional development in infancy and
early childhood. Academic Press: Oxford

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: clinical applications of attachment theory.
Routledge Classics: New York

Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. World Health
Organisation: Geneva

Claiborne, Lise B., & Drewery, W. (2010). Human Development: family, place,
culture. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd: Australia p. 50-52.

Field, T. (1996). Attachment and separation in young children. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, p.541-562.

Westen, D., Burton, L. & Kowalski, R. (2006). Social development in
psychology. Australian and New Zealand ed. Wiley: Sydney

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Attachment Theory And The Theory Of Attachment Essay

- It has been proposed that infant attachment styles do not change after the first year of life, the following essay will argue against this prompt in that ones attachment style will change continuously throughout life. Attachment theory is based on the joint work of Bowlby and Ainsworth (Bretherton, 1992). In recent years the idea of ‘attachment’ has become and increasingly popular debate within developmental psychology (Bretherton, 1992). Attachment theory provides an explanation on how parent and child relationships are formed and the important role they play in child development....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

Powerful Essays
2096 words (6 pages)

The Attachment Of Attachment Theory Essay

- Attachment Theory Following the above line of research, Mikulincer and Florian (2000) demonstrated that attachment style influences the way people react to death reminders. For instance, secure persons reacted to mortality salience with a higher desire for intimacy in romantic relationships, while individuals who scored high on the anxiety or avoidance component reacted with harsher punishment for social transgressors. These findings imply that secure persons react to death reminders by relying on their attachment relationships....   [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
1794 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Attachment Theory Of Attachment

- A theory that can relate to today’s society and the way people behave is the attachment theory. It refers to the strong emotional and physical bond between an infant and a caregiver which is essential to personal development. As part of the attachment theory there are three attachment styles. First is secure which refers to the infant having a strong relationship with its caregiver, almost as if they seem to be clingy. Second is avoidant in where the child is negligent as the child has learned to be self sufficient....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

Powerful Essays
782 words (2.2 pages)

Attachment Theory For Personal Development Essay

- Attachment theory has been describe by many psychologist as an importance of attachment in regards to personal development, stating that the ability for an individual to form an emotional and physical attachment to another person giving a sense of stability and security which is necessary in taking risks, branching out, and growth to develop one’s personality. Attachment theory is attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners....   [tags: Attachment theory, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Attachment Theory In Adolescence Essay

- Attachment in Adolescence: Predictor of Romantic Relationships Behaviors There has been much research on Attachment Theory and how it can affect the development of individuals from early childhood to adulthood. John Bowlby stated that after we are born, we look toward a caregiver as our attachment figure who shows us to act during times of stress and difficulty, however not everyone is able to have an ideal attachment figure and thus humans develop differently and have different attachment styles....   [tags: Attachment theory, Interpersonal relationship]

Powerful Essays
1754 words (5 pages)

Essay On Attachment Theory

- To comprehend attachment between former spouses requires understanding some basic tenets of attachment theory, the concept of persistent attachments, and how these attachments influence the relational dynamics between former partners and their children. Attachment theory of divorce Brooke Feeney and Joan Monin describe how attachment bonds are just as vital to survival and fitness as are reproduction and nutrition. These bonds are strong and persistent ties that are activated whenever a person feels threatened....   [tags: Attachment theory, Interpersonal relationship]

Powerful Essays
746 words (2.1 pages)

Essay On Attachment Theory

- Attachment theory could be considered one of the most important aspects of how we develop starting out as an infant. In the article “Can Attachment Theory Explain All Our Relationships” By: Bethany Saltman, she explains to us her personal experience and struggles raising her daughter, and her experience as a child and her own attachment. There are three types of attachment types, secure, avoidant, and resistant and the trouble with today is that only 60% of people are considered “secure”. There also subgroups that are called disorganization....   [tags: Interpersonal relationship, Attachment theory]

Powerful Essays
766 words (2.2 pages)

Attachment Theory Essay

- Attachment Theory John Bowlby (1907 – 1990) was a British psychologist most known for his work developing Attachment Theory. Bowlby initially graduated in 1928 at age 21 from Trinity College at Cambridge going on to gain various postgraduate degrees. It was not until 1946 that the beginnings of his theory were laid down when he joined the Tavistock Insititue, researching the effects on young children when separated from primary caregivers (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2016). Bowlby’s work was gradual with his theory slowly developed with three main papers published in 1958, 1960 and 1963 that outlined his Attachment Theory (Holmes, 1993)....   [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby]

Powerful Essays
1055 words (3 pages)

Attachment Theory Essay

- Attachment theory states that a strong emotional and physical attachment or emotional bonding with at least one primary caregiver who is perceived as a source of security is critical to personal development of close, caring, and enduring relationships. Children who have not developed a secure attachment to their caregiver/parent are put at a great disadvantage for adulthood. Children unable to develop coping and social skills may never be able to properly attach to a partner, while secure attachment leads to a sense of being loved which results in safeguards against fear, insecurity, and inadequacy....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

Powerful Essays
1100 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Attachment Theory

- To understand the attachment theory, we must understand a clear definition of what attachment is. According to attachment is the physical connection by which one thing is attached to another. From my point of view, attachment is the lasting bond between child/children to their belonging primary caregiver. Attachment behavior in adults towards the child includes responding sensitively and appropriately to the child’s needs. Such behavior appears universal across cultures. Attachment theory explains how the primary caregiver and child relationship influences development between the two....   [tags: Attachment theory, Mary Ainsworth, John Bowlby]

Powerful Essays
739 words (2.1 pages)