Attachment Theory Essay

Attachment Theory Essay

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Attachment theory has had some very powerful theorists that have come up with these ideologies. In 1969, John Bowlby was the first theorist to develop the attachment theory. It is a theory developed to explain the emotional ties that children had with their parents or caregivers. It was believed that a child’s attachment style with a caregiver was developed throughout childhood and influenced how an individual interacts with society. It also gave an indication on what their parenting styles might be like, although this was not always a concrete indication. Bowlby’s theory provided the basis on which Mary Ainsworth also worked on and developed. In the 1970’s Ainsworth developed and conducted the “strange situation” experiment, which proved to be very influential to the development of attachment theory. She identified four patterns of attachment referred to as secure attachment, avoidant attachment, ambivalent attachment and the more recently added disorganised attachment (Westen, Burton, & Kowalski, 2006, p. 501) The theory of attachment is very important as this is when children form and develop a secure and trusting bond in the first year of life to develop normal relationships in later life (Bowlby, 1988). In this assignment I am going to create three different scenarios and relate them to the three different attachment styles. These scenarios will demonstrate the varying characteristics displayed from each attachment style and the affects they might have in later life. I will also look at some of the critiques within the attachment theory.

Ainsworth produced these different styles of attachment through the duration of experiments. These experiments were tested in a structured way. The caregiver and child would sit in a room...


... middle of paper ...


...overed that there are some obvious inconsistencies with the theory that have been overlooked by theorists.



References

Benson, B. Haith, M. (2009). Social and emotional development in infancy and
early childhood. Academic Press: Oxford

Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: clinical applications of attachment theory.
Routledge Classics: New York

Bowlby, J. (1951). Maternal care and mental health. World Health
Organisation: Geneva

Claiborne, Lise B., & Drewery, W. (2010). Human Development: family, place,
culture. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd: Australia p. 50-52.

Field, T. (1996). Attachment and separation in young children. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, p.541-562.

Westen, D., Burton, L. & Kowalski, R. (2006). Social development in
psychology. Australian and New Zealand ed. Wiley: Sydney

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