British psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, he described attachment as a
"lasting psychological connectedness between human beings."
Bowlby was interested in understanding the separation distress that children experience when separated from their primary caregivers. Some of the earliest behavioural theories suggested that attachment was simply a learned behaviour. These theories proposed that attachment was merely the result of feeding relationship between the child and the caregiver. Because the caregiver feeds the child
and provide nourishment, the child becomes attached. What Bowlby observed that even feeding did not diminish the anxiety experienced by children when they were separated from their primary caregivers. Bowlby was the first to establish this. His work pave the way that childhood development depended heavily upon a child 's ability to form a strong relationship with at least one primary caregiver There are four main phases of attachment development according to Bowlby
PRE-ATTACHMENT PHASE from birth – 6 weeks at this stage the child innate response such as crying, and gazing into their caregivers eyes. This type of action ...
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...ernal deprivation. There are many studies of the effects of deprivation and the implications for maternal deprivation theory. Privation is when the child has a lack of attachment due to not forming an attachment during the early stages of development, and deprivation is the loss of an attachment which has already been made. The distinction between the two is important as each may have different effects. Despite this, Rutter accepted Bowlby’s major argument, that early attachment between adult and child is essential for a child to have a healthy psychological development. To determine whether there is a relationship between maternal deprivation in infancy and adolescent delinquency. Bowlby studied a group of 44 juvenile thieves who attended a child guidance clinic, and compared them with a control group of 44 adolescents who Bowlby though where emotionally challenged
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