Moral Development is defined as “changes in thoughts, feelings and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong” (Santrock, 2010). Moral development can further be described as learning what is and is not acceptable within the limits of “polite” society, and is an arguably elastic notion, with differences in culture (Pekarsky, 1998), religion, geography etc. somewhat complicating and expanding the definition. The theories of Sigmund Freud regarding the id, ego and superego are important here, because each of these factors defines an area of moral development.
The id is that which we cannot control. It is subconscious activity in the brain that operates solely on the pursuit of pleasure, and immediate gratification. The id is that part of the human psyche personified in Roald Dahl’s character Veruka Salt of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (Dahl, 1964). She doesn’t care how, she wants it now, and according to Freud the id is responsible for this uncontrolled urge to satisfy all needs immediately.
The second part of Freud’s triumvirate of psychological components is the superego. As a child develops and learns what is expected of him by not...
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...e pathway to strong moral development.
Brown, B. (2010). Moral development theory for young children. Livestrong.com, Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/167125-moral-development-theory-for-young-children/
Dahl, R. (1964). Charlie and the chocolate factory. New York: Alfred Knopf.
Goldwater, E. (2010). Happiness: a structural theory. In , Modern Psychoanalysis (pp. 147-163). Center for Modern Psychoanalytic Studies. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Merchant, R. L., & Rebelsky, F. (January 01, 1970). Effects of participation in rule formation on the moral judgement of children. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 85.
Pekarsky, D. (1998). The role of culture in moral development. Parenthood in America, Retrieved from http://parenthood.library.wisc.edu/Pekarsky/Pekarsky.html
Santrock, J.W. (2010). Child development. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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