The first law that actually worked to stop child labour banned children under 9 years old from working in factories. It also said that children between the age of 9 and 13 could not work for more than 12 hours a day or 48 hours a week, children from 13 to 18 were not allowed to work for more than 69 hours a week and nobody under 18 was allowed to work at night. Also, children between 9 and 13 had to be given two hours of education a day.
Until halfway through the century the law only applied to textile factories, but later this was extended to all factories. In the late 19th century, workers became organized and formed unions. Factory owners usually favoured children and women because they would follow orders and not speak up for themselves where men would. A reason that so many people started working in factories was because the population of Europe had increased with more than 100% over the last century.
In the 19th century, there was a law in Europe, the Compulsory Education Law. They thought that the basis of moral raising should be in logic, reason and moral intuition instead of religion. This law replaced children from the workplace into schools. Schools became tax supported, teachers more educated and children could now go to public schools. In the 19th cent...
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...ed upon, but it happened more frequently.
People nowadays have a tendency to romanticise the Victorian era. A common misconception is that the people of the 19th century wrote each other emotional letters and were now able to write each other honest love letters instead of formal letters showing no emotion at all. The truth is that many of these letters contained sexual feelings of the authors. The first pornographic novels were even written by this time. My Secret Life, being the most famous erotica written in the 19th century, was written by Henry Spencer Ashbee and was still being copied in 1960.
Homosexuality was still seen as a capital offence until 1861. Although the sexual relationship between men and women became a lot more acceptable, the role of men and women did not change. Women still did not have the right to sue, divorce or own property.
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