During the 1860s under the reign of Napoleon III in France, the city of Paris became one of the most modern in the world due to the extensive redesigning by Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann. Paris was full of bars, operas, cafes, cabarets and a centre of dance and western culture. Many of the slums and poor inner city areas were redesigned with wide open streets and modern buildings. While this mean... ... middle of paper ... ...the Nineteenth Century, Yale University Press, New Haven, USA 8) Hamilton, G. 1969, Manet and his critics, WW Norton & Co. Inc, New York, USA 9) Hanson, A. 1977, Manet and the Modern Tradition, Yale University Press, London, UK 10)Krell, A.
The Great Exhibition of 1851 sought to provide the world with the hope of a better future. After Europe’s struggle of two decades of political and social upheaval, the Exhibition hoped to show that technology was the key to a better future. The Europeans were excited to display their new innovative technology and show off their progress of industrialization and economic changes. The most popular exhibit was the Crystal Palace; the first monumental structure in Britain that was constructed of uniquely from metal and glass (93). The promoters of the Palace said it will be known and remembered for ages across Europe.
Art Nouveau (literally ‘new art’ in French) was a popular international style of art, developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and reaching its peak between 1890 and 1910. The primary aim of this movement was to break free from the previous constraints that had been placed upon artists traditionally and to completely revolutionise design – an aim that, without a doubt, came to be achieved. The evidence of this can be seen in the work of several prominent designers at the time – such as artist Alphonse Mucha and architect Antoni Gaudi – and even within other movements – the Arts and Crafts movement being a prime example. The way in which these figures and this movement have been influenced by Art Nouveau in particular will be explored in this essay. Art Nouveau is considered to be a ‘total’ art style, as it encompasses and can be applied to all areas of art, including architecture, interior design, the decorative arts and the fine arts.
Some say it is a trend of being able to improve, reshape and create things through scientific technology and knowledge and also experimenting with scientific features. The movement of American Modernism was at its peak between the first world war and the second world war during the 20th century continuing to the 21st century. One designer that was a massive influence to the Modernist movement was Frank Lloyd Wright. Frank Lloyd Wright; born just after the American Civil war ended (1867-1959) if profoundly known as one of the best 20th Century architects. Frank Lloyd Wright was seen as one of a few designers who embraced the new movement of the Industrial revolution and 'enthusiastically initiated his own architectural revolution’ (www.franklloydwright.org).
Herbert Spencer was born in 1820 at the height of the British industrial revolution. His book entitled Social Statics achieved great acclaim when it was published in 1851. He looked at evolution as a change from being unstable (homogeneous), to one that was more stable (heterogeneous). In fact, it was Spencer who initially coined the term “evolution” and “survival of the fittest” many years before Darwin. Herbert Spen... ... middle of paper ... ...on the other hand, saw these laws, once discovered, as tools for social engineering.
The Renaissance is known for the paintings, sculptures and most decorative art from the European period history. It was known as the “rebirth” and mostly is the period in the European civilization mostly following the middle ages. The Renaissance was the period that had discovery and explorations of the new continents that substituted the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of the astronomy (The Beginning Progress of the Renaissance R. A. Guisepi). The feudal system had declined the growth of the commerce, but mostly the inventions or the applications for the powerful innovations for the paper printing. The art of Classical had transformed its traditions by having the absorptions of the occurring developments in the Northern part of Europe of art by using a contemporary scientific knowledge that helped them with their art.
The Influence of Bauhaus School of Design The Bauhaus was one of the most influential modernist art schools of the 20th century, not to say the most influential one. Their main concern was to teach, and to understand art 's relationship to society and technology. The school was founded by the German Architect: Walter Gropius. Consequently, The Bauhaus of Design had a huge impact in Europe which is the central continent of art and the United States even after it has been closed, and has forever shape the development of Art history from now on. According to the art story website, the Bauhaus of Design was shaped by the 19th and early 20th centuries trends such as Arts and Crafts movement, which had sought to level the distinction between fine and applied arts, and to reunite creativity and manufacturing.
With the fast growth of posters . Europe and the Americas, Milan and Berlin quickly became the "Art Gallery of the Street" which created a precedent for modern advertising. The Belle Époque or La Belle Époque(French for "Beautiful Era") was a period in European social history that began during the late 19th century and lasted until World War I. Was a golden age for illustration and graphic design .Posters expressing a unique culture and society and the emergence of a lot of style that time. One of the most important factor which leds to the rise of the pictorial poster was the work and skills of Jules Cheret.He had created a new technique which is called three stone process which allowed printer to achieve every colour in the rainbow with as little as three separate lithographic stones.
Impressionist Paintings as Documents of Paris Capital of Modernity Impressionist paintings can be considered documents of Paris capital of modernity to a great extent. This can be seen in their subjects, style of painting, and juxtaposition of the transitive and the eternal. The phrase Paris capital of modernity refers to the time in the second half of the nineteenth century when Paris was considered one of the most innovative cities in the world. This was largely a result of Haussmann’s renovation of the city between 1851 and 1869. A Prefect of Paris under Napoleon III, he transformed Paris into a city with wide streets, new shops and cafes, and a unified architecture.
Their Gothic design of the new Houses of Parliament make it a prime example of Victorian architecture today (Tansey 955). It is important to recognize that Romantic architecture was not only a return to the past. Modern technologies and materials, as well as non-European influences, also played a role. (Sporre 495-98; Tansey 956). One example is the Crystal Palace designed by Sir Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition in London (1851).