The, An Ancient Greek Epic By Homer Essay

The, An Ancient Greek Epic By Homer Essay

Length: 938 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Iliad, an ancient Greek epic by Homer, recounts the battles and conflicts between the Trojans and Achaians during the ten-year Trojan War. One of the most heroic characters of this epic poem, Hektor, displays so much valor and kloes throughout the war that during the last battle of his life with Achilleus, even Zeus relents and morns over his imminent death. The scene in which Zeus consults the golden scale for the outcome of the fight between Hektor and Achilleus indicates that the golden scale is used to justify the inevitability of divine determination of human fate and to further emphasize Hektor’s honorable characteristic.
Just as all the other mortal characters in the poem, Hektor’s destiny illustrates that no one can escape death, the predestined end of every human life cycle. The golden scale itself could be considered as a symbol of death and destruction: the scale is balanced when the world is at peace; but when a conflict befalls, both sides of the contest?? will be placed on the scale, and the side that sinks will go to Hades. However, the golden scale does not predict the outcome of the battles or the fate of individuals, as Zeus has already known the result before he resorts to the scale; it only serves as a validation for his decision by elevating the occurrence of the consequence from human causes to divine intervention. Another situation in which the golden scale plays a similar role (in?) is during the evenly matched battle between Trojans and Greeks in the beginning of chapter 8. In the previous chapters, Zeus has already promised Achilleus’ mother, Thetis, that the Greeks will undergo some suffer before Achilleus’ return, so the Achaians are fated to experience downfalls in this round of fight. Even then, ...


... middle of paper ...


...ger life, Hektor’s actions and decisions further boost his kleos, demonstrating his status as the man with (the) most honor and glory in the book. Knowing that Troy is destined to fall and that he and his family will soon die in the hands of Achilleus, Hektor still decides to accept the challenge instead of retreating back to the city walls. Despite the fact that he ends up being chased by Achilleus around the city of Troy for three rounds, he is still depicted as the “breaker of horses(22:211),” a warrior with extraordinary valor and perseverance. Just as Achilleus, who chooses to live a short and heroic life over a long and peaceful one, Hektor bravely confronts the obstacle and fights until the very last minute of his life. The bravery with which these two heroes face up to their imminent deaths perfectly illustrates the kloes spirit in ancient Greek society.



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Odyssey: An Underlying Theme of Xenia

- In a modern world such as ours, it is sometimes difficult to understand special customs that were most highly respected in ancient cultures. However, some have been able to adapt with the times and transform into decorum that can be still valued today. Xenia can be a perfect example. Coming from the ancient Greeks, xenia was the religious and civic commitment of hospitality that was expected of all guests of people as well as from the hosts themselves. The ancient Greeks held xenia in the highest regard and believed in great consequences if the rules of xenia were abused in any way....   [tags: Homer, ancient Greek epic poems]

Better Essays
1105 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Heoes of the Iliad and the Odyssey

- “All men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong, and repairs the evil. The only crime is pride.” ― Sophocles, Antigone Honor is a major component of ancient Greek culture, which weaves its way through out the great epics of the time. It is perhaps the single most important entity to some of the most renowned heroes. However, the desire for honor seems to have the power to lead such famous men into the clutches of “excessive pride”, or hubris (Oxford Dictionaries.com)....   [tags: pride, Homer, ancient greek epic poems]

Better Essays
1619 words (4.6 pages)

Why Odysseus Is a Hero Essay

- In Homer’s The Odyssey, the main character, Odysseus, is stranded at sea after the Trojan War. He must overcome many obstacles in order to reach his home, Ithaca. Throughout the book, we see the many admirable qualities that Odysseus possesses that makes him such an influential literary character: among them being cleverness and loyalty. However, every hero also has his weaknesses, and Odysseus’s main weakness is his pride. We can learn how to live our life from a hero’s good traits and bad traits Odysseus is known for not just using his strength; he uses his intelligence as well throughout his journey....   [tags: Homer's epic poem, Ancient Greek literature]

Better Essays
647 words (1.8 pages)

Essay about Ancient Greek Values : The Ideal Epic World

- Ancient Greek Values in the Ideal Epic World Iliad is one of the commonly understood pieces as epic that based on the Trojan War in ancient Greek. However, the meaning of the piece goes deeper and reflects more on the ancient Greek. The Iliad is a story about the evolution of Achilles persona and emerges as an epic of the war. Homer puts the elements of anti-war relatively on display portraying the ideal epic world that progresses through elements that defines the coexistence of the society. In a reflection of an ideal epic world, the book focuses more on the elements of war since the act binds up with the act of humanity....   [tags: Homer, Trojan War, Achilles, Iliad]

Better Essays
809 words (2.3 pages)

Homer's The Odyssey Essay

- Since the beginning of human civilization, women have often occupied inferior roles in society while the dominant role has been played by men. In Homer’s The Odyssey gender roles in Greek society are emphasized showing how men controlled society while women were undervalued and constantly disrespected. Although it may be argued that Homer poses some rather feminist views, it is evident by several elements that The Odyssey is a misogynistic text. First, women in the Odyssey were continually oppressed by men never having true free will....   [tags: ancient Greek epic poems]

Better Essays
779 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Homer's Iliad Study Questions

- The Iliad, Homer Review Questions 48) Three of the gift-offerings Agamemnon will make to the implacable Achilles are seven tripods never touched by fire, ten bars of gold, and twenty burnished cauldrons. He makes rather diverse and interesting offerings. The return of Briseus' daughter is perhaps the most significant. 49) Odysseus presents Agamemnon’s offer to Achilles, but Achilles immediately rejects it. Odysseus editorializes or puts a more positive spin on Agamemnon’s ostensible apology by speaking of even more gifts and reminding Achilles that he now can kill Hector....   [tags: ancient Greek epic poems]

Better Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

The First Greek Epic Poem Essay

- Introduction Odyssey is known as the second Greek epic poem after the Iliad that were written by the great Greek ancient poet known as Homer. The story epic poem was written in the 8th century BC with its key focus being telling more about the adventures of a mythical hero whose name was Odysseus. The story stresses more on the story of Odysseus during his trip home after the Trojan War (Homer & Lattimore, 1967). The adventures of Odysseus wife are also highlighted as she waited his husband at Ithaca....   [tags: Odyssey, Epic poetry, Homer, Odysseus]

Better Essays
933 words (2.7 pages)

Homer's The Odyssey Essay

- The Odyssey is an epic poem that was written by a man called Homer who is believed to have lived hundreds of years ago. In his 12,000 line story, he captures the adventure of a man named Odyssey who is trying to return home from war to his wife and son. He faces several forms of trouble and deterrents that encompass everything from monsters to gods to people. The reader can look at these events, the symbols, the motifs, and the relationships in the story between different characters in the story to determine the theme of the story....   [tags: ancient Greek epic poem]

Better Essays
1561 words (4.5 pages)

Deception in Homer's The Odyssey Essay

- Hiding behind a false identity or a false story is sometimes the easiest way to face difficult decisions. Some believe that, if they make others think something other than the truth, they will have an advantage and, in turn, be superior. Stephen Porter and John C. Yuille acknowledge that “deception is the deliberate misrepresentation of facts through words or actions” (450). Deception is a form of disguise used by humans to hide who they are, what they feel, or even what they have done. In the Bible, it states that “even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light,” showing that, not only mortals use falsehood to achieve what they strive for, but that deities also utilize these methods of d...   [tags: Ancient Greek epic poems]

Better Essays
1034 words (3 pages)

Essay Real Strong Women: Women of Power in the Ancient Works

- From the role of the wily seductress, to the submissive housewife, to the raging warrior, women were a focal point of Ancient Greek works. Although they are often looked over and considered, the roles they played in their culture were undeniably important. Women may have been thought to have far less worth than a man, however, their undeniable power and influence in Greek society cannot be overlooked. The substantial position they held is verified in numerous texts of the era, including the works of Homer, Virgil, and Ovid....   [tags: Greek epic, Homer, Ovid, Virgil]

Better Essays
1646 words (4.7 pages)