The Revolution was primarily based on economic terms; between 1763 and 1775 the colonies were no longer proud to be under British rule. Instead, the colonies had seen the British Empire as exploitive and unconstitutional, this was primarily due to the taxes passed on America. The beginning of the revolution can be dated back to the Navigation Acts of 1751, which instigated resentment amongst the colonists as the British dictated that all American exports had to be sold to Britain or resold to British merchants. This angered the colonists who could get better prices for their goods elsewhere. George Bancroft has suggested that the Navigation Acts planted the initial seed for American Independence; this is true to some extent as many colonists saw that their liberty was being violated, with the tax itself lacking any colonial consent. The Stamp Act in 1765 also had a revolutionary impact, arguably more so than the Navigation Acts as they affected most Americans by enforcing a tax on anything that was written on stamped paper. The colonists responded by grouping together and the infamous slogan ‘no taxation without representation’ emerged with the creation of the Sons of Liberty in 1765. The colonists argued that the British had no right to tax them, unless their interests were adequately represented in Parliament. Colonists responded to these laws by ignoring them and continued to smuggle goods, showing that they were willin...
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... government then they have a right to rebel – this is what the Americans did in 1775. By the time the fighting had started most of the colonists were already self-governing and saw themselves as a different entity to Britain. This can be seen in the term ‘Patriots’, which was used for the colonists who rejected the Acts passed by Britain.
Jonathon Israel referred to the Enlightenment period as a ‘revolution of the mind’, but the Revolution itself can also be seen in this light. The revolution was based on the ideas of liberty and equality. As the declaration of independence states ‘we hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal’, this idea was revolutionary, as Americans viewed themselves as equal to each other. However, these ideas were too idealistic for the time, as slaves, women and men without property were not considered to be equal.
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